PAWSD to change rate structure

Staff Writer

The Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District (PAWSD) board of directors held a public hearing Tuesday, Nov. 12, concerning proposed revisions to the 2014 rate structure. The board intended the public hearing to be a consideration of the rate study it accepted at its regular meeting on Oct. 8 and of proposed changes to the current rate structure.

Proposed rate structure changes are based on a rate study conducted by MWH global, an international firm that provides specialized consulting, engineering, and construction services related to water and wastewater. The study can be found on the PAWSD website at, on the home page.

The MWH study revealed that, in order to meet ongoing bond obligations, on top of normal operating expenses, PAWSD would need a 4.4 percent increase in revenues from throughout the district. As such, the study suggested creating a new rate structure to increase revenues in accordance with this need.

Currently, the base monthly charge for water service is $14.50. Additional volume charges for usage above 2,000 gallons a month are $4.50 per month per 1,000 gallons for usage between 2,001 and 8,000 gallons, $9 per month per 1,000 gallons for usage between 8,001 and 20,000 gallons, and $11.30 per month per 1,000 gallons for usage over 20,001 gallons.

Proposed changes in the rate structure would most dramatically impact the minimum monthly service charge, raising it from $14.50 to $23.50, a 62-percent increase. The minimum monthly service charge allows for up to 2,000 gallons of usage. Additional volume use rates will be decreased, from $4.50 to $4.22, from $9 to $8.43, and from $11.30 to $10.59 respectively. These rate changes would allow the district to collect a larger portion of revenues from minimum monthly service charges.

A substantial percentage of district operating expenses, including water treatment and distribution, are fixed cost, while water demand and delivery is not consistent throughout the year due to seasonality of residency and visitation to the Pagosa area. The goal of increasing the minimum monthly service charge and decreasing additional volume rates is to more fairly distribute fixed costs amongst year-round and seasonal PAWSD customers, while providing a more reliable, fixed revenue stream to the district.

Water distribution and wastewater treatment services are two different business enterprises operated by PAWSD. The water and wastewater enterprise funds operate independently from each other, but are both subsidized by the PAWSD general fund, a governmental fund. Expenses associated with water collection and treatment infrastructure have recently increased, so the rising cost to distribute water is largely driving rate changes. Since the last rate increase in 2011, water distribution costs have increased while rates have remained steady, resulting in a smaller profit margin for PAWSD.

In 2011, PAWSD determined that, given operating costs, the wastewater revenue fund would not remain self-sustaining over time. As a result of this conclusion, wastewater rates increased. The anticipated 2014 water service rate increase has been scheduled and projected since 2011 as the district recognized it would struggle to both cover fixed operating and service costs associated with providing quality water service and meeting ongoing bond obligations. An ongoing part of these costs is maintenance and repair of a complex and difficult distribution system. Director Burt Adams also noted that the district is having to spend approximately $500,000 a year on Dry Gulch property debt service.

“A significant portion of water bills now is the Dry Gulch disaster,” said Adams. The cost of the biosolids greenhouse was not mentioned in this discussion.

All board members agreed that the board needs to remain fiscally responsible on behalf of taxpayers. During the public hearing, a number of community members voiced concerns about increasing rates. Complaints and concerns heard and considered at the meeting included those about increasing water costs, frustration about how the new rate structure fails to reward frugal customers for conservation, a complaint from a developer about having to pay for metered lots without structures on them, and frustration about the price of wastewater services compared to water services.

New water service rates will not be officially accepted until the board approves the 2014 budget in early December. A copy of the draft budget is available on the home page of the PAWSD website. If accepted, new rates will become effective Jan 1, 2014. Water service rates last changed in 2011. There are no proposed changes to wastewater service charges for 2014.

This story was posted on November 21, 2013.

5 Responses to PAWSD to change rate structure

  1. Fed-up

    November 21, 2013 at 11:15 am

    When I moved into my present home in 2001 my monthly bill was $27.50 for both water and waste. I put in a low-flow toilet,new efficient water heater,and a smart washer and today my bill is $55.50. That’s already a 100% raise!! When is going to stop?

  2. Pagosan

    November 21, 2013 at 2:38 pm

    seems like they are putting the burden on the vacation home owners who are not even using the water alot of the time by raising the min charge instead of leaving the minimum charge and just adjusting the rates paid for water over 2,000 gallons which would be by those truly utilitizing the water …..

  3. Rod Proffitt

    November 22, 2013 at 6:23 am

    Bert Adams may want to dump the rate increase on Dry Gulch, but the facts are that PAWSD has a great many issues contributing to its rate increase, including but not limited to the failure of the present board to refrain from calling the loan so they could negotiate and settle regarding Dry Gulch. The State asked PAWSD not to call the loan – they refused to make any effort to mitigate their circumstances. In addition,

    PAWSD is losing 40% of its treated water; water it pays to treat and is not getting paid for by rate payers. PAWSD has failed to comply with State law requiring conservation. PAWSD made a poor agreement with the Town that essentially loans the Town the money it needs to build an expensive sewage line; rate payers are subsidizing a Town infrastructure expense. PAWSD has been unable to get its biosolids project into operation so they have incurred substantial expense with no return to the rate payers. Finally, PAWSD is subsidizing large water users at the expense of the basic service users; a policy that actually encourages more water use, which is the opposite of a conservation required ethic.

  4. guest

    November 25, 2013 at 12:51 pm

    I agree. I can’t believe this board thinks that they are here only to sell water, what a bunch a crap not to encourage water conservation in the high dessert

  5. Give us a break...

    November 30, 2013 at 6:42 pm

    I agree with the above statements PAWSD has increased rates tremendously over the past 9 years. We are very conservative with our water use and with their new rate structure it really only encourages using more water instead of less… To me it’s becoming fairly obvious we are paying for much more than our own personal water/waste use…. ridiculous