Front Page
November 1, 2001
Wildfire threatens mobile homes in VistaBy Tess Noel Baker

Blaze halted 80 feet away; 10 families evacuated briefly

A fire tearing though Stevens Canyon toward the Vista subdivision six miles west of Pagosa Springs put firefighters to the test over the weekend, but with the help of a helicopter and county bulldozers, the blaze was crushed just a few feet in front of homes.

"When we arrived, it was coming up the canyon very fast," Fire Chief Warren Grams said. "It was very hot and there was a lot of flame."

The Pagosa Springs Fire Protection District was paged to the blaze at 2:49 p.m. Saturday. Once on scene, it took only a quick assessment to determine help was needed.

Grams said a helicopter was called for immediately and responded from a BIA fire on Sandoval Mesa in the southern part of the county. Add to that, 45 members of the fire protection district, eight Archuleta County firefighters, two Upper Pine/Bayfield brush crews, 13 members of the forest service including a crew from Bayfield, a local resident on a Bobcat, and another truck on its way from Los Pinos in Ignacio and the firefighting power proved stronger than the blaze. Still, it was touch-and-go for awhile.

"The fire was moving at a rate so fast we had emergency crews back out three times to keep from being surrounded," Grams said. Besides that, residents were evacuated from between 10 and 12 mobile homes during part of the afternoon, and a street was cordoned off.

Meanwhile, the fire climbed out of the rocky canyon and into the tree tops close to the Vista subdivision. Firefighters held ground and finally knocked the blaze down about 80 feet from residences. By that time, the blaze had consumed 20 acres.

Several crews remained on-scene until about 9 p.m. and then a single engine and crew provided fire watch throughout the night. Firefighters returned about 7:30 Sunday morning for cleanup. Grams said 30 people and five vehicles helped, finally clearing the scene at 4 p.m. that day.

No people, nor structures were harmed during the blaze. In fact, the lone casualty at the scene was a chain saw, abandoned at one point when crews were forced to pull back.

Both the helicopter and a large county bulldozer were key elements of the battle, Grams said.

"That bulldozer could cut a wide enough line," the Fire Chief said, "the fire kept jumping the hand-dug ones." Changing winds and rough terrain added to the all-day challenge. Cost of fighting the fire totaled around $18,000.

The fire's cause remains under investigation by the fire district and the Archuleta County Sheriff's Department.

"We suspect this fire was lit by person or persons unknown," Grams said. He also cautioned fire danger remains high throughout the county, aggravated by dry conditions and dead or dying foliage.

The Fire Chief asked that people take steps to ensure fire safety, including avoiding smoking in the forest, and placing spark arresters on equipment.

County Administrator applicant list pared to final dozen By John M. Motter

The list of applicants for the Archuleta County administrator position vacant since March has been chopped from 35 to 12 or 13 names, according to County Commissioner Bill Downey.

A selection committee has reviewed the original applications and chopped the list to the current number. The remaining names have been apportioned among members of the selection committee. Selection committee members are contacting each of the remaining applicants by telephone. The hoped-for result is that the list of applicants can be reduced to five or six.

Those who survive the cut are likely to be interviewed face-to-face by the selection committee. Members of that committee are the three county commissioners; Kathy Wendt, the acting county administrator; and Ken Charles, head of the regional field office of the Colorado Department of Local Affairs.

Another meeting of the selection committee is tentatively scheduled next week. At that meeting, the list of five or six finalists is expected to be chosen.

Archuleta County has been without an administrator since March when former County Manager Dennis Hunt resigned. Following Hunt's resignation, commissioners Gene Crabtree and Alden Ecker delayed hiring a replacement. Instead, they divided county departments among themselves. They referred to themselves as "liaison" for their departments of responsibility.

"This way, we'll learn how each department works and we'll better understand the job description we want for a county manager," they said.

The same kind of thinking led to inviting Ken Charles to serve on the screening committee. Charles acts as liaison between the Colorado Department of Local Affairs and local governments in this part of the state.

"Most of us have experience with local government management," Charles said.

A deadline has not been established for hiring a new county manager.

Meanwhile the commissioners, guided by County Finance Director Cathie Wilson, are investing most of their time preparing the 2002 county budget. Meetings with department heads have been conducted throughout the week.

"We're listening to their budget requests," said Downey. "We're at the point where the requests are a lot more than the revenue. We'll listen to everybody, then we'll have to trim it down. That will probably happen during a marathon session some time during November."

Wilson is responsible for putting all of the numbers in budget form and ensuring the budget complies with state laws limiting revenues and expenditures.

Back in 1991, a permanent county mill levy of 21.145 mills was established. Since then, on a year-to-year basis, the commissioners have approved a lesser mill levy. The difference between the 21.145 mills and the temporary levy has been returned to taxpayers in the form of a temporary tax credit.

Maintenance of the permanent 21.145 mill levy will allow the commissioners to levy that amount, even if the county property tax assessment falls drastically.

Because of TABOR and Gallagher limits, if the assessed value of property within a taxing entity increases, the mill levy may have to be dropped so that revenues do not increase beyond the legal limits.

In Archuleta County, the assessed valuation increased from $158,191,477 for the 2001 budget to $174,584,440 for the 2002 budget, a 10.3 percent increase. Last year's county income from property taxes was $2,729,900.

Proposed for this year is a mill levy of 17.589, a number chosen to comply with the 5.5 percent Gallagher limit, the most restrictive limit facing the county this year according to Wilson. Income of $3,070,766 is anticipated from this year's mill levy.

TABOR and Gallagher limits are applied to the entire budget, not just to property tax revenues.

State law requires adoption of a budget prior to the end of the year. Typically, Archuleta County has submitted a locally adopted budget to the Colorado Department of Local Affairs by mid-or late December.

Teen's 'thank you' set Veterans' Day mood By Richard Walter

He stood at the base of the flagpole, taking the nation's ensign down just after dusk, as was his duty.

He was suddenly aware, for no specific reason, of someone watching him.

As he turned he saw a teenage girl standing at attention nearby, her bearing indicative of an understanding of the meaning of what he was doing.

"She stood there, unmoving," he said, "an air of both sadness and pride about her."

As he completed lowering the flag, she looked at him, said simply, "Thank you for protecting our flag," then turned and walked away.

"I'd been a little down on today's teens until then," said this member of the American Legion. "She changed my perspective of what some of them understand and feel about this nation."

With the ongoing unrest in the world and the nation's involvement in a war to eliminate terrorism at home and abroad, another simple thank you is what members of Mullins-Nickerson American Legion Post 108 will get - and offer - on Sunday, Nov. 11.

The flag will be raised at 11 a.m. at the Legion Hall on Hermosa Street with the "Call to Colors." A brief ceremony will follow as the unit salutes this nation and the men and women who have served and are serving. At 1 p.m., the Auxiliary unit will host a pot-luck dinner.

All veterans, their families and friends are invited and uniforms are suggested but not required.

The following day will feature ceremonies outside Pagosa Springs High School opening at 10:50 a.m. with a flag-raising ceremony, a student singing the national anthem, recitation of the Pledge of Allegiance, the school's band and special speakers taking part.

Legionnaire Robert Dobbins, a veteran of service in three military branches, will be master of ceremonies.

Winners of the Reuben Marquez patriotic writing contest will be announced and excerpts from their entries read before Taps is played by student buglers.

Again, the Legion suggests veterans wear their uniforms, but they will not be required.

Durango parade

The Durango Elks Lodge, in conjunction with the American Legion, VFW and other area veterans' groups, will hold a Veterans Day parade in Durango beginning at 1 p.m. Nov. 11 at 5th and Main. Following the parade both the Elks Lodge and Legion Hall will be open to the public.

Any group or organization interested in participating in the parade is asked to call the Elks (247-2296), the Durango Legion (247-1590) or the VFW (247-0834) as soon as possible so parade plans can be finalized. Organizers said over 20 organizations already have entered the parade.

Editorials

A new kind of war

We are at war. If someone did not know it following attacks on

barracks, embassies and warships who, after the Sept. 11

events in New York, Washington D.C. and Pennsylvania, could be oblivious to the fact?

Our nation was assaulted by people absolutely clear in their intent. They wish to destroy our way of life: our political, economic, and religious freedoms, pluralism, individuality.

Our enemies have made their nature obvious. They consider it noble to fly a plane full of innocent passengers into skyscrapers filled with innocent office workers, hoping to massacre tens of thousands of people. They consider their madness blessed by God. For them, there is no middle ground, no position that will accommodate compromise.

Someone is dispensing biological agents through our mail system. Perhaps these acts are perpetrated by comrades of the terrorists who attacked us Sept. 11. Perhaps it is the work of psychopaths living among us, taking advantage of the tension of the moment, enemies of our nation nonetheless.

Not for 60-plus years have we faced such a morally unambiguous moment.

Our military is striking back; planes drop bombs on Afghanistan, troops operate on foreign soil. Military action might be launched against states that support and harbor terrorist groups.

It is likely that, soon, acts of violence as severe or more severe than those of Sept. 11 will take place in America. A campaign is rarely planned with one objective and we must not underestimate our opponents.

Our leaders say this war could be lengthy, frustrating. It is not going to include a D-Day, a surrender signed on the deck of a battleship. It will not be completed in a matter of a few months, nearly absent of American casualties. It will involve nastiness, on all sides. In all places.

We are urged by our leaders to go on with life as usual but they put us on high alert, ready for the worst, urged to watch for anything suspicious.

Are we strong enough to deal with this war, this confusion?

The last five decades in America have been marked by self-indulgence, by increasing decadence and subjectivism. We have become more factionalized, a society increasingly intolerant of all but total tolerance - a people whose behavior is increasingly "correct." We are under pressure not to insult others, not to express strident or abrasive opinions, not to offend, not to hurt the feelings of others, to criticize or condemn.

Are we strong enough to be incorrect and fight a war? Wars are not won, after all, by enhancing an opponent's sense of self esteem.

Our collective life "as usual" has been defined by immediate gratification, the pursuit of transient goods and experiences. Our educational systems have been eroded by the demands of guilty parents and inept politicians, standards lowered year after year, discipline weakened. Can we produce soldiers and citizens with the stamina to endure a protracted conflict?

A bombardment of television images can numb us, tempting us to return to the comfort of sitcoms and sports. Are we patient enough to overcome the ennui?

Obfuscators come out of the woodwork, seeking sympathy for those who would destroy us, asking for understanding and acceptance of the forces arrayed against us. They warn us of dire consequences, they work to stifle opinion in schools, workplaces, homes, asking to reinstitute the political correctness that will divert us from our mission. Some even seek to turn the blame back on us, to make us the guilty party.

Do we have the strength to resist?

As this war goes on and the voices of compromise grow louder, as we listen to those who equivocate and mask their fear with proclamations of neutrality and "peace," as the advocates of tolerance forget their tolerance will be met with violence and hatred by our enemies, will we have the strength to persevere?

It is time to take stock.

We have everything to lose.

Karl Isberg

Dear Folks
By David C. Mitchell

Ranches are becoming last resorts

Dear Folks,

Mom enjoyed playing her spinet piano.

Somehow Mom had learned to play the piano when she was growing up. She was raised on a cattle ranch northwest of Canyon, Texas.

The ranch didn't have any particular name. Folks probably called it the "McReynolds' Place" or some other nondescript identity.

Palo Duro Creek ran through part of the ranch. The name for the creek and its well-known accompanying canyon had been established long before the arrival of homesteaders.

Rather than consisting of wide-open spaces or pristine fields, the ranch was flat, desolate and dusty. Still, Mom fondly remembered the ranch as being a "great place to clean your lungs and to stretch your eyes."

My maternal grandfather died while Mom was still a child so I personally never knew him. I understand he was a "dawn-to-dark rancher" who on a daily basis, if need be, would spend hours on end in the saddle. He expected the same from his older sons.

Granddad McReynolds expected his daughters to be ladies. I suppose that's how it was that Mom learned to play the piano.

She never said how many acres were involved in the ranch. Back then, folks, at least those with manners, never asked a rancher about how many acres he owned. Businessmen never let on as to how much money was in their bank accounts. Ladies always wore dresses that fit properly and they buttoned all of the buttons on their blouses.

Mom's oldest brother took over the ranch after their father died. Uncle Ray made "a go of it" for a number of years. He stayed "one step" ahead of the banker in the late 1920s when the Dust Bowl blew across the Panhandle. But whereas the Dust Bowl died down, its accompanying depression became the Great Depression. By the mid '30s Uncle Ray "just ran out of rope."

Grandmother McReynolds had to sell off parts of the ranch in order to make ends meet. She gave Uncle Ray the 40 acres of the "home place" and moved into a "brick apartment house right across from the park" in Amarillo.

Due to the restrictions induced by the Depression and the rationing related to World War II, my folks didn't visit the ranch more than a couple of times when I was growing up. In time, the state claimed the homestead through an eminent domain court settlement with Uncle Ray. The highway department wanted to widen the highway that ran in front of the south fence line.

The house that had been the McReynolds homestead was auctioned off, relocated and placed on a foundation on a lot in Canyon.

The above remembrances are an attempt to explain that my experiences with pianos, creeks and ranches are rather limited. However, they are based on harsh reality rather than huckster fantasy.

They might explain why I never developed much feeling one way or the other toward the so-called Piano Creek Ranch proposal. Those who opposed the proposal frequently took me to task for my noncommittal position. They heatedly rejected my contention that "it's just another one of those grandiose schemes that will never happen."

At its worst, the latest East Fork Ranch proposal has been divisive. At its best, it has been a learning experience for those who were financially or emotionally involved as well as for those who merely were curious spectators.

Now, folks will be watching as Dan McCarthy strives to "properly acquit" himself with the stewardship of his undeveloped land in East Fork Valley. Folks also are equally interested about how Betty Feazel's heirs will handle their shared decision-making responsibilities with their families' At Last Ranch. Folks are already wondering if At Last will continue as a ranch, or, as a last resort, will become a real estate venture.

In both situations, time again will tell what, if anything, develops.

Know you are loved and please keep us in your prayers.

David

Legacies
By Shari Pierce 91 years ago

Taken from Pagosa Springs New Era of October 28, 1910

Monday forenoon while Sheriff Reavis had his two Mexican prisoners, Manzanares and Sanchez, to breakfast, his third prisoner, Martine, who is held charged with forgery, set the jail on fire it is supposed with the intention of escaping in the excitement. The sheriff had instructed the Mexicans never to give Martine but one match at a time and to see that he used it immediately in lighting his pipe. But he got hold of an extra match in some manner and while alone in the jail Monday forenoon lighted a fire in a pile of papers immediately outside the cell.

Lowenstein is not interested in the political situation, but he can show you the best line of clothing that ever came to Pagosa at prices that will leave you something to bet on your favorite candidate.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of November 5, 1926

Everyone will breathe a sigh of relief that the election is over, and while no doubt each one experienced a few disappointments, yet it behooves all to lend a helping hand to all newly elected officials and forget the campaign just completed.

Mrs. Gertrude Larson and Geo. Teeters, who are ill at the ranch of the former in O'Neal Park from diphtheria, are getting along all right.

The Women's Relief Corps takes this means of extending its thanks and appreciation to the general public for its hearty support of the Election night dance, and to all who rendered aid in making the affair a success. Especially does the Corps desire to publicly thank Mrs. C.R. Boone for her great assistance.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of November 2, 1951

To be found elsewhere in this edition of the SUN is an ordinance regarding parking. The ordinance provides for two hours parking only in certain hours on main street and other streets of the town. The measure was adopted in an effort to provide more parking space on the main street as many autos were parked in the same spot for periods as long as a week without being moved.

The San Juan Basin football league wound up with Ignacio 1st with a record of 3 wins and no losses in league play and Pagosa was 2nd with 2 wins and 1 loss in league play.

Archuleta County stock growers came away from the San Juan Basin Hereford show and sale with a large share of the ribbons from that event.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of October 28, 1976

Charges of hunting on private property without permission were filed against 15 elk hunters last week in county court. The charges were filed by WCO Judd Cooney. According to Cooney the violations took place on the Banded Peak Ranch above Chromo.

Snow fell on Wolf Creek Pass Tuesday night, with an estimated total fall of eight inches. Chain stations were open from shortly before midnight until Wednesday morning.

A little rain fell this past week and for the first time this fall there was snow on the ground in town. It wasn't much and didn't last long, but it was snow. Minimum temperature for the week in town was 11 degrees last Wednesday morning.

Inside The Sun
Class of '82 seeking classmates

Members of the Pagosa Springs High School class of 1982 are planning their 20-year reunion to be held next summer.

Help is needed in locating the following classmates: Brenda Alexander, Bruce Buhler, Ernie Caldera, Mary Callan, John Childers, Keven Cummings, John Davies, Andy Garcia, Leland Hamblin, Cliff Hill, Larry Holder, Steven Jaramillo, Kamma Kamm, Keith LaMay, Allen Madril, Melvin Martinez, Vicki Martinez, Jeff McBride, Seldon McIntosh, Terri Millard, Tammy Moore, Chris Neel, Traci Ramsey, Audrey Reeves, John Sabel, Drew Teinert, Camilla Titsworth, JoAnn Villarreal, Michael Walker and Gary Wilcox.

If you have information on one of these classmates, contact JoJo Sorenson Charles, Box 1022, Pagosa Springs, CO 81147, phone 970-264-2718, or email kjbr287@mail.frontier.net.

Pagosa hosts state municipal league By Tess Noel Baker

Representatives from a pair of cities and three towns attended a regional meeting of the Colorado Municipal League in Pagosa Springs Oct. 23.

Town Administrator Jay Harrington said the town, led by Mayor Ross Aragon, hosts the annual regional league meeting about every six or seven years. This time, staff and municipal board members from Pagosa Springs, Cortez, Durango, Bayfield, Ignacio and Silverton attended.

The event began in the late afternoon with a workshop on recent legislative issues led by Mike Braaten, a CML representative. The Colorado Municipal League works to support municipalities and lobbies the legislature on their behalf. Both Sen. Jim Isgar and Rep. Mark Larson attended the afternoon session.

Following the meeting, participants were invited to a dinner. Harrington said a total of 52 people attended, including representatives from Archuleta County, and Bob Brooks and Ken Charles of the Colorado Department of Local Affairs. Local resident Dave Rosgen, of Wildland Hydrology, gave a keynote address on river restoration and the role played by municipalities.

"Most of the municipalities in this area have a river in the middle of town or nearby, so the presentation was relevant to the region and well-received," Harrington said.

Little chance for rain or snow By John M. Motter

Pagosa Country faces little chance of receiving rain or snow this coming week, according to Gary Chancy, a forecaster for the National Weather Service office in Grand Junction.

A rain squall was anticipated yesterday with a chance for dousing Halloween trick or treaters.

Today Chancy is predicting mostly sunny skies with high temperatures ranging between 62 and 57 degrees. Tonight's low temperature should range between 25 and 20 degrees.

Local weather conditions should change little until next Tuesday, when there is a 20-percent chance for showers. Temperatures could drop slightly during the week.

Last week, high temperatures averaged 67.25 degrees, low temperatures 29.4 degrees. The highest temperature recorded was 69 degrees, the lowest temperature 28 degrees.

Precipitation was recorded locally Sunday and Tuesday. On Sunday, 0.01 inches of precipitation was measured, on Tuesday 0.06 inches of precipitation, all at the official National Weather Service gauging station located at Stevens Field.

Another weather shift in the wintry direction can be expected for November. Snowfall in town, which averages 2.9 inches during October, jumps to 10.6 inches during November. Record snowfall for November was the 46 inches recorded during 1964. November snowfall has exceeded 20 inches six times since 1938, most recently in 1985 when 32 inches fell.

Temperatures also fall off during November when compared with October. October's average monthly mean temperature is 45.4 degrees. During November, that reading plummets to 32.5 degrees. That means that one-half the time during November, the thermometer rests below freezing.

The coldest temperature recorded during October over the past 48 years is 5 degrees recorded Oct. 31, 1971, and Oct. 28, 1955. The coldest temperature recorded during November is minus 25 degrees recorded Nov. 29, 1952. Over the past 51 years, November temperatures have dropped below zero 29 times.

Salvation Army emergency aid unit is forming in county By Richard Walter

The army will land in Archuleta County Nov. 23 - Salvation Army, that is.

A local full-service extension of the worldwide Christian religious organization is forming in Pagosa Springs under the direction of Jim Haliday.

He said he was asked by SA officials in Denver and Durango to head the local effort and that it will not involve, at least initially, any resale store or collection of used goods for resale.

"It will be strictly a short term, one-time aid operation," he said. "Any money collected in the county will stay in the county to help those who might need fuel, food, or an overnight stay because of an accident or shortage of funds."

"We'll have the bell ringers out on the day after Thanksgiving and intend to work closely with the United Way and the Ministerial Council," Haliday said.

A seven-year resident of the county, Haliday's only similar experience was as a United Way director for a county in another state in 1974 and with a Hot Line Help organization in California.

"We hope to be able to serve the needy with money collected right here," he said. "We'll give funds to those in need."

To help determine that need, a board of directors is being formed and the organization will also need a vice president, secretary and treasurer. Anyone interested in assisting in the venture may call Haliday at 731-9081.

Initially, the bell ringers will be at the two City Market locations in the county but Haliday hopes to add others, particularly the Post Office and perhaps a location in the heart of the downtown area.

He said the group will also work closely with community service organizations like Rotary and Kiwanis if they are interested.

"The whole idea," he said, "is to have emergency help available to those in need without waiting for a remote board to act on a request."

County's retail sales still setting a record pace By John M Motter

Retail sales in Archuleta County continued at a record pace through September, apparently not affected by the national economic downturn.

The sales tax total collected in the county during September of this year is $498,111, up 9.9 percent over the $453,048 collected during September of 2000.

Many economists regard sales tax collections as a good measure of the condition of an economy because the taxes are directly linked with retail sales. The belief is that consumers spend more for products when they have money and when they have confidence in the economy. It is therefore assumed that an increasing amount of sales taxes collected mean that consumers have money and have the confidence to spend it.

County sales tax collections for the year 2001 through September are 13.03 percent ahead of last year for the same span of months. Through September of this year, $3,782,834 has been collected. Through September of last year, $3,346,780 was collected. Last year was a record year for sales tax collections in the county.

Even though the tax collected in Archuleta County is identified as a county tax, in reality it is a joint town-county tax with approximately 80 percent of the collections made by retail businesses located within town limits.

Altogether, 6.91 percent is collected on retail sales and services in Archuleta County. Of that amount, 2.91 percent is retained by the state. The remaining 4 percent is shared equally by the town and county.

The town's share is devoted to capital improvement projects. The county's share is divided between the road capital improvements fund and the general fund. One half of the 4-percent tax retained locally, 2 percent, has been approved in perpetuity by voters. The remaining 2 percent was approved in 1993 to run seven years. That portion of the tax expires Jan. 1, 2003.

In 1999, town voters approved collection within town of up to 3 percent sales tax if the 2-percent tax slated to end Jan. 1, 2003, expires or terminates for other reasons. Voters countywide are being asked to approve a county proposal on the Nov. 6 ballot to continue the expiring 2-percent tax.

State law limits total sales tax levies in any entity to 7 percent. Consequently, if the county approves 2 percent, that amount added to the 2 percent in perpetuity, the town's up to 3 percent, and the state's 2.91 percent adds up to more than the law allows. Either the town's or the county's tax will have to be eliminated.

At present, it is not clear which tax will prevail. A suggested likely scenario is that the Colorado Department of Revenue, after being asked to rule on the dilemma, will defer to the Colorado Attorney General. No one yet knows how timely, or in whose favor, the attorney general will act.

Election ballots coming in slowly By John M. Motter

Local interest in Nov. 6 ballot issues seems to be low, according to June Madrid, the Archuleta County elections clerk.

Fewer than 16 percent of the 6,750 ballots mailed by Madrid had been returned as of Tuesday morning this week, Madrid said.

"I wish there was something we could do to get more turnout," Madrid said. "There are important issues on the ballot."

This year's general election is being conducted entirely by mail. Ballots were mailed to all active voters. Of the 7,750 ballots mailed, 980 have been returned as undeliverable, according to Madrid, meaning the voter no longer lives at the mailing address recorded with the elections clerk.

Local residents who are entitled to vote but have not received a ballot are encouraged to call the elections clerk in the county clerk's office. Balloting closes at 7 p.m. Nov. 6. Ballots may be returned in person to the clerk's office until closing time Nov. 6. Mail-in ballots must be posted early enough to reach the clerk's office by Nov. 6.

Persons with ballots in their possession should, with a No. 2 pencil, complete the ballot according to the enclosed instructions, place the ballot inside the included envelope, sign their name, write their birth date on the outside of the envelope, and return the entire package to the clerk's office, either in person or by mail.

Five issues are offered for voter discretion on this year's ballot.

Locally, voters are being asked to approve renewal of a 2-percent sales tax shared by the county and town, approve a property tax increase proposed by the San Juan Hospital District, and to decide on the removal of term limits imposed by state law on school board members.

On the ballot statewide is a request to spend $50 million for a study on building a monorail line between Denver International Airport and the Eagle County Airport. A second statewide ballot issue seeks permission to borrow from state lottery funds in order to purchase lands or easements for conservation purposes.

PAWS sets budget hearing Nov. 13 By John M. Motter

A public hearing for the 2002 Pagosa Area Water and Sanitation District budget is tentatively scheduled Nov. 13 in the utility's Vista office.

"The board (of directors) could approve the budget that night, or they could postpone approval to allow time to respond to any public comments," said Carrie Campbell, PAWS general manager.

"They are also still considering options connected with capital improvement projects next year," Campbell said.

Among the capital improvements projects being considered is enlargement of Stevens Reservoir, one of two holding reservoirs serving drinking water to the population living in the Fairfield Pagosa collection of subdivisions west of Pagosa Springs.

Enlargement of Stevens Reservoir will require a considerable sum of money, according to Campbell. PAWS directors are likely to place an issue on the May 2002 ballot asking voter approval of general obligation bonds. Proceeds from sale of the bonds, if voters approve, will be used to finance enlargement of the reservoir.

No PAWS bond issues are on the 2001 Nov. 6 general election ballot.

PAWS is considering a second capital improvement project, that of encasing the Dayton Ditch supply line in pipe. Water from Snowball Creek flows through Dutton Ditch to feed Hatcher and Stevens reservoirs. In the past, problems with broken ditch embankments have threatened to cut off the area's water supply. The problem would be solved by installing pipe to carry the water instead of relying on the ditch.

The PAWS budget is divided into two parts, the general fund and the enterprise fund. In general, the general fund is financed from property tax revenues. In general, the enterprise fund is financed from user fees.

While the general fund is subject to Gallagher and TABOR limits, the enterprise fund is not.

The PAWS budget over the past few years has reflected several capital improvement projects including construction of a water source on the San Juan River south of Pagosa Springs and piping that water to the PAWS Vista plant site, construction of a new water treatment facility at the Vista plant site, and enlargement of the sewage treatment facility at the Vista plant site. Smaller capital projects are also underway.

Next year's proposed budget reflects revenues and expenses connected with the proposed May bond issue. Consequently, enterprise fund revenues are expected to increase from $3.6 million in 2001 to $6.3 million in 2002. General fund revenues are expected to increase from $548,744 in 2001 to $628,707 in 2002.

PAWS supplies drinking water for most of the population in and surrounding Pagosa Springs, including water from the Snow Ball plant formerly operated by the town. PAWS also provides sewage collection and treatment for most of the subdivisions west of Pagosa Springs and north of U.S. 160.

Pagosa's driver's license office closed temporarily By John M. Motter

"Driver's license examiner office closed until further notice" says the sign on the Archuleta County Courthouse door.

They mean it.

"Diane Webb is in the hospital. We don't know the diagnosis and we don't know how long she will be there," said John Jackson, an Examiner 3 and head of the Durango driver's license examiner office. In addition to the Durango office, Jackson is in charge of the other offices in Southwest Colorado.

"We're short-handed already in Durango," Jackson said. "We have a relief person in Montrose, but that person is busy."

What about people in Pagosa Springs who have business with the examiner's office, such as obtaining or renewing a Colorado driver's license?

"If it looks like it's going to be a long time, two or three weeks, we'll figure out something," Jackson said.

In the meantime, Pagosa folks who need to do something about their driver's license can visit the Durango office between 8 a.m. and 5 p.m., Monday through Friday.

"We go home at 5, so people driving all of the way from Pagosa Springs should come early enough to finish before 5 p.m.," Jackson said.

Some things can be completed in a few minutes and others require more time, as much as an hour, according to Jackson. Appointments are not necessarily needed, except for in-the-car driving tests.

"They'll know they need an appointment because they'll already have a permit," Jackson said.

The Pagosa Springs office, located in the Archuleta County courthouse, was open Tuesdays and Wednesdays of each week. Diane Webb is the Archuleta County examiner.

In order to talk to Jackson by telephone from Pagosa Springs, the SUN reporter waited 20 minutes for a busy signal at Jackson's office to clear. When the line cleared and the call went through, the reporter was asked if he minded waiting. After saying he didn't mind and waiting 10 minutes with the telephone glued to his ear, the reporter hung up and called back. The line was busy. Almost 10 minutes later, a call went through and Jackson said, "We are very busy."

Indeed.

Driver's license examining offices are under the jurisdiction of the Colorado Department of Revenue.

2nd rifle season success rated 'moderate' By Todd MalmsburyColorado Division of Wildlife

Normally the busiest time of year for hunting, opening weekend of the second rifle big game season brought only moderate success.

Wildlife officials had hoped the second rifle season would be as good as last year, which produced a record harvest for elk. But unseasonably warm and dry weather conditions have allowed elk to remain dispersed, making them difficult to track.

Big game have moved into less accessible areas since the first rifle season opened Oct. 13, and there isn't enough snow to aid hunters in finding the animals in these areas, according to wildlife managers.

John Ellenberger, big game coordinator for the Colorado Division of Wildlife, suggests that hunters get away from their cars and heavily trafficked roads and trails and track game in areas of good escape cover for deer and elk.

"The most successful hunters generally are those who get away from vehicles and into small patches of heavy forest," he said. "Typically, areas that deer and elk are going to select for cover are going to be heavy, thick timber on north slopes that are rugged and difficult for people to get into."

Wildlife officials are reporting low hunting pressure across the state, with Grand and Summit counties seeing an estimated 40 percent drop in hunting pressure from last year. Ellenberger says the decline could be due to the decrease in nonresident hunters and the fact that last year's late-season harvests were so good.

"Last year, late seasons were very successful, so perhaps hunters are planning trips during third and fourth seasons," he said.

Hunters are having greater success in southern Colorado, where the elk harvest is reportedly high in units 85 and 851, south from La Veta pass to the New Mexico border.

Elk and deer takes are also up in hunting units outside of Fort Collins, especially in middle-elevation areas.

Given the continued dry conditions, wildlife managers say hunters should be especially careful with fire. They advise visitors to check with the local county sheriff's offices for possible fire restrictions.

One good thing about the dry weather is that road conditions have improved. Hunters do not have to deal with muddy and impassable roads as they did during the first rifle season. But Ellenberger reminds hunters to be prepared for anything since weather conditions can change quite rapidly in Colorado.

Deer and elk hunters in portions of North and Middle Park and the San Luis Valley (GMUs 6, 16, 17, 79, 80 and 171, elk and deer, and GMUs 18, 28, 37 and 371, just deer) are being asked to submit the heads of animals they harvest during the upcoming rifle seasons. The Division of Wildlife will test the heads for chronic wasting disease as part of its ongoing surveillance efforts.

Letters

'Lemon law'

Dear Editor,

Most of us have heard of a "Lemon." Since January, I have really learned about it the hard way.

Everyone who lives here knows you need a 4-wheel drive car to get around in the winter. I bought my third Subaru on July 1, 1998. In January this year, it would not make it up my drive.

In February, the dealer's service department told me the 4-wheel drive was fine, but I needed new tires, so I bought new tires. Two months later Subaru paid for them. This was the start of many trips to Durango, so many things went wrong; 4-wheel drive, oil leaks, clutch, transmission, something involving the tail pipe, and still the car is not right. Twice I was told it was in excellent shape only to find out I was right both times. It had to be worked on.

I called Subaru several times. The district service operations manager has not only worked on it but has been to my home several times because of the problems.

In May, I was told I would get a new car but would have to pay for "additions." I told them my financial condition, asking why I should have to pay for their mistakes. They said they'd give me $1,000 as a goodwill token and in June they would send three cars to Durango for me to see. That never happened.

In July there was one car but when the sales manager found I wouldn't pay for a new car, that ended that. In July, I heard they'd buy my car for $10,000 and lease me a new car for three years. This was never offered to me in person or by mail. In August, the district service manager came to my house, drove my car, and left saying he would get me a new 2001 car. In October he called and said he could not find a car. Everything was over. I called Subaru headquarters only to be told the case was closed and they hung up.

I have called many lawyers and never got past the secretaries, just to see if I could get someone to write a letter. At least I could pay for one letter. I called two lawyers that were recommended to handle this type of problem. But when I mentioned the dealer, they both said no because he was their friend.

So, what good is it to have laws that no one wants to touch? The dealer told me it wasn't his problem. I believe in people you can trust. What ever happened to our values?

When I was told a 2001 car couldn't be found, I was amazed. Last week the dealer had so many new cars parked that it was hard to find a place to park.

Have I given up? No, perhaps this will help someone else. My car is my independence. I have to have one to live here.

Mrs. Ernestine Bowers

'Road ad'

Dear Editor,

We notice a road ad that wants a vote for more money for roads, but not good roads.

The money is to finance further corruption, incompetence and slothfulness: not roads.

The commissioner who is running the ad has actually made statements such as, "There is no way to do things right, so why try?"

He is the most negative commissioner we've ever had.

He'd rather have 1,000 bad roads than 100 good roads.

Sincerely,

John Feazel

P.S. Our government at all levels is more worrisome than any terrorists.

Verify reliability

Dear Editor,

As a teacher, I feel a need to constantly check the accuracy of information given to students and I encourage them to verify reliability of what they read and write. This information can even be from the Sun.

On the front page of the Oct. 18 issue is a picture of our eighth grade students fly fishing. However, the caption reflects little accuracy at all except for their teacher's name, Mr. Dan Janowsky, and their grade.

They do not belong to a Physical Education class, but they do belong to the Fly Fishing elective class. Developed from a unit within an earlier class over six years ago, it has been offered by Mr. J (as he is affectionately known by his students) for three years now both in the fall and in the spring as a separate class. It fills quickly due to its popularity. The students learn the fine art and science of fly tying and fly fishing, sportsmanship and appreciation for their local environment.

With Mr. Janowsky's expertise to guide them, many students have become the avid fishermen you are likely to see downtown on the San Juan or in streams nearby. My older son took the class and my younger son is in the class, so I know first hand the advanced level at which these students learn these lifelong skills.

When my sons would rather tie flies at the kitchen table in the evening or get in some fishing before the sun goes down than, say, watching TV or anything else, then something good is happening.

I have heard many adults say they wish they could take the class.

Let's give credit to these students' abilities and to the teacher who deserves it, Mr. J.

Cindy Nobles

Ladies open volleyball title hunt against Faith Christian

By Karl Isberg

Colorado 3A volleyball is down to 16 teams, with four regional tournaments to be held Saturday to determine which eight teams go to Denver the following week to fight it out for the state title.

No regional tournament will be more exciting, or tougher, than the one the Lady Pirates will play Saturday at Colorado Springs Christian High School.

The Ladies will be joined by the host Colorado Springs Christian Lions, the Faith Christian Eagles from Arvada, and the Cedaredge Bruins.

Arguably, these are four of the top eight teams in Class 3A, and only two will advance to State.

Pagosa heads to its eighth consecutive regional tournament with an 8-0 Intermountain League record and a 20-2 record overall. Only once during those eight tries has the team failed to make it to the final tourney of the year.

Lady Pirate losses this season were to the second-ranked 4A team in Colorado - Cortez. The team enters the fray at Colorado Springs riding a nine-game win streak, with victories this season over 5A Durango and Farmington, and 4A Montrose and Fountain-Fort Carson. The Ladies won all three District 1 tournament matches to earn the trip to the regional tournament,

The host Lions finished third in the regular-season standings in the Tri Peaks League, behind Manitou Springs and St. Mary's. Though they lost the services of hitter Ann Geddie to a knee injury early in the year, the Lions finished the regular season with an 8-2 league record and an overall record of 19-4. The four losses came to Denver Lutheran, 5A Rampart, Manitou and Ellicott. CSC and Pagosa shared one opponent in common this season in Fountain-Fort Carson and each team defeated the 4A squad in two games. CSC has significant momentum coming into regional action, having swept all three district matches last weekend, with 2-1 wins over Manitou and Salida and a 2-0 victory over St. Mary's.

Pagosa and the Lions have met each other only once, with the Lady Pirates defeating CSC at last year's regional tournament.

Faith Christian comes to the tournament a formidable foe, but one that snuck in due to a Denver Metro regular season league championship (9-0) and an automatic pass to regional action. The Eagles were defeated at the district tournament by both Middle Park and Lutheran but Lutheran was elbowed out of contention by virtue of the Eagles' league title. Faith Christian posted a 16-8 overall record, losing to Summit, top-ranked 4A Lewis Palmer, 5A Smoky Hill and Arapahoe, Platte Valley, Denver Christian, Middle Park and Lutheran. The Eagles and Pagosa faced no common opponents this season, but the teams have played each other four times at the state tournament. The Lady Pirates defeated Faith at state in 1998.

Cedaredge was the only undefeated 3A team in Colorado during the regular season. The team plays in the Western Slope league and amassed a gaudy 10-0 league record and a 19-0 overall record before dropping a three-game district tournament match to Aspen last Saturday. The Bruins and Lady Pirates have faced three common opponents this season. Cedaredge beat Monte Vista 2-1 and Centauri 2-0 at the season-opening Gunnison tournament. Both teams defeated Olathe this season. The Bruins did not face the higher caliber, upper-division competition the other three teams faced during their schedules.

Action begins at CSC Saturday morning with Pagosa facing Faith Christian at 9 a.m. CSC and Cedaredge play the second match and will be followed by Pagosa and Cedaredge.

CSC and Faith battle it out next. Faith and Cedaredge play their match before Pagosa and CSC end the tournament schedule in the late afternoon.

The gym is on the CSC campus, accessed from Austin Bluffs Parkway. Take Austin Bluffs east from I-25, turn right on Stanton. The campus is directly west.

Ladies' wins kill Ignacio volleyball hopes

By Karl Isberg

The Lady Pirate volleyball team faced three opponents at last Saturday's District 1 tournament, and defeated all three to win another district crown.

Second to fall to the Ladies during the day's action were the Ignacio Bobcats.

Ignacio came into the tournament as the third-ranked team in the regular season Intermountain League standings. The Bobcats left the Pagosa Springs gym with three defeats, falling to Pagosa 15-1, 15-5.

The first game of the match began on a sloppy note, with the teams trading seven sideouts without a score. That trend ended when freshman Lori Walkup took the serve. During a five-point run, Walkup hit an ace, Nicole Buckley scored with a tip and the Bobcats gave up three points with poor hitting.

Ahead 6-1, senior Ashley Gronewoller took back the serve with a tip. Ignacio's setter carried the ball to give up a point. Gronewoller and Lori Walkup scored with a tandem block, and the home team had the momentum needed to run the board.

Shannon Walkup continued an excellent serving performance that she began in the first match of the day against Bayfield. Walkup hit four aces as the Ladies steamrolled to the 15-1 win. Buckley contributed by crushing a kill from the outside, Gronewoller scored with a kill from the middle and Katie Lancing ended the game with a perfectly placed power dink to an empty spot on the floor.

Ignacio managed to score two earned points in the second game of the match, with an offense totally intimidated by formidable Lady Pirate blockers. The remainder of the team's five scores were donated by the Ladies with mistakes.

Lancing started the Pagosa scoring with a block, then hit an ace to go with a kill and a score on a block by Gronewoller. The Ladies had a 6-1 advantage.

Buckley hit an ace to give her team a 7-2 lead and Lancing put a thunderous kill to the floor off a quick back-set from Amy Young to push the lead to 8-2.

Ahead 9-3, Pagosa got points on kills by Buckley and Lancing. Buckley hit an ace to up the advantage to 12-3.

An Ignacio ace serve and a carry by Pagosa allowed the Bobcats to put their final two points on the scoreboard.

A Bobcat error surrendered a point; Lori Walkup scored with an ace serve; Lancing ended the game and match with a perfect sweep of the ball off the pass.

"We played our game, an important thing to do at this point in the season," said Coach Penné Hamilton. "We stayed on top of it and we did a lot of things we had worked on in practice earlier in the week, in particular on defense. Our coverage was ten times better than it had been and it was good to see us step it up in that area."

Summary

Pagosa Spgs. def. Ignacio 15-1, 15-5

Kills: Buckley, Gronewoller, Lancing 6

Assists: Lancing 6, Young 5

Digs: S. Walkup 8, Buckley 5

Aces: S. Walkup 4

Blocks: Lancing 6

Desperate Centauri bows to Pagosa and out of race

By Karl Isberg

It was a desperate Centauri Falcon volleyball team that took the court against the Lady Pirates in the final game of last Saturday's District 1 tournament at Pagosa Springs High School.

Centauri had been caught flat-footed by the Bayfield Wolverines and were defeated in a three-game match.

The situation was clear for the Falcons.

Absolutely, depressingly clear.

They had to beat the Lady Pirates in order to survive the tournament and move on to regional competition this weekend.

The Falcons barely took wing in an impossible flight. Their uniforms are in storage following a 15-5, 15-13 loss to Pagosa.

With the number-one seed and a trip to the regional tournament already assured, Pagosa played its poorest match of the tournament against Centauri, starting slow in the first game before hitting on all cylinders to take the win and producing a sloppy, unfocused performance in the second game.

Centauri had leads at the beginning of each game, forcing the Lady Pirates to play catch-up.

A 2-0 Falcon advantage in the first game was quickly erased as Ashley Gronewoller hit an ace serve, Katie Lancing converted two sets from Amy Young for points and Centauri turned over three points with errors.

With her team ahead 7-1 on a point off a ball fisted to the back corner by Lancing, Gronewoller crushed an errant Falcon pass to put another point on the scoreboard.

Lancing scored with a freeball to a hole in the Falcon defense, Nicole Buckley tipped a Falcon overpass over the blockers and Shannon Walkup hit an ace serve. Pagosa was ahead 11-3.

Two Falcon hitting errors surrendered points to the Ladies. Buckley rocketed a kill off the block then annihilated the ball with a kill down the line to end the game.

Centauri went ahead 4-0 in the second game, getting three of the scores as gifts from a lackadaisical Pagosa six. Lancing and Buckley led the charge back however, with Lancing scoring on a block and a kill, and Buckley following a Falcon charity point with an ace.

The teams traded points and the lead before Pagosa seemed to come alive following a cross-court kill by Lancing, a tandem block for a point by Lancing and Gronewoller, and an emphatic kill of a Falcon overpass by Gronewoller at the middle of the net. Buckley dinked a ball over the Falcon blockers and Pagosa led 11-8.

To the Falcons' credit, there was no surrender. A Centauri kill was followed by a Pagosa carry and a Lady Pirate serve-receive mistake. A Falcon stuff block for a point put the team from La Jara ahead 12-11.

Centauri gave up a point with a passing error and, after several sideouts, Gronewoller tipped to the hole for a 13th point. A Pagosa carry immediately eradicated the lead, but the Falcons returned the favor with a carry of their own, giving up the serve.

That was all the Lady Pirates needed. Gronewoller killed off the block and Lori Walkup ended the match as she caught the entire Falcon team off guard with a perfectly executed left-handed sweep off the pass.

"The first game went well for us," said Coach Penné Hamilton. "We suffered a letdown in the second game. Both teams were kind of dead out there. I used both timeouts in the second game and told the kids that they win the game, they are the district champs. I reminded them that it was the last time some of them would play on this court. They got a bit of life and they finished it."

Summary

Pagosa Spgs. def. Centauri 15-5, 15-13

Kills: Gronewoller 12, Lancing 10, Buckley 8

Assists: Lancing 12, L. Walkup 7

Digs: Buckley, Lancing 5

Aces: Buckley 2

Blocks: Gronewoller, Lancing 2

Pirate spikers spank upstart Wolverines 15-2, 15-4
By Karl Isberg

The Bayfield Wolverines surprised fans at the District 1 volleyball tournament Saturday at Pagosa Springs, as the team, which won only one regular season league game this year, fought its way to a regional tourney berth.

The Wolverines did not surprise the Lady Pirates, however, who made Bayfield their first victim in a day that, with three wins, gave the Pagosa program its eighth consecutive district championship.

Bayfield managed a 1-1 tie in the first game of the match, before the Ladies took off on a five-point run with Shannon Walkup at the serve. Nicole Buckley started what would be a productive day with a score on a top. Middle blocker Ashley Gronewoller nailed a stuff block for a point and Walkup served two aces. With a gift point from the Wolverines, Pagosa was ahead 6-1 and would not look back.

Following a Bayfield point on a Pagosa hitting error, the Ladies ran the board, giving up serve to their opponents only three times before ending the 15-2 rout.

Katie Bliss killed from the middle to start the run; from that point on, it was the Katie Lancing show. The 6'1" senior setter/hitter got three points on kills - one on a deadly quick-set from Amy Young, and scored three times with blocks of Wolverine hitters. Bayfield gave up three points with mistakes and Lori Walkup hit an ace as the Ladies cruised to the victory.

Pagosa never trailed in the second game of the match, taking a 2-0 lead and extending the advantage to 6-2 courtesy of a bevy of Wolverine errors, an ace by Shannon Walkup and a kill by Gronewoller.

Lancing scored the 7th point after keeping the ball alive with a tremendous dig, then got the next point with a tip.

Bayfield managed a third point, but the Ladies stormed back. Gronewoller scored with a block, Shannon Walkup hit another ace and the visitors gave up a point with a hitting error. A power dink by Lancing put Pagosa in front 12-3 and, following a Wolverine hitting error, Buckley killed the ball to put her team on the brink of the win, 14-3.

The Wolverines managed one more point before Gronewoller and Lancing teamed up on a tandem block to end the game 15-4.

Pagosa was in charge all the way in the opening match of the tourney, showing poise and a pace no doubt accelerated by the enhanced postseason practice schedule that has the squad working with the entire four-person coaching staff.

"We came out playing well," said Lady Pirate coach Penné Hamilton. "We got blocked a couple of times, but we picked up the ball off the block and transitioned to our offense. Bayfield played like they had nothing to lose. We pounded them and I thought they were out of it, but they came back to beat the other teams and advance. I thought we started the tournament well and we kept it up most of the day."

Summary

Pagosa Spgs. def. Bayfield 15-2, 15-4

Kills: Buckley, Gronewoller, Lancing 6

Assists: Lancing 7, Young 6

Digs: Lancing, Young 2

Aces: S. Walkup 4, Buckley, L. Walkup 2

Blocks: Gronewoller 6, Lancing 2

Solo blocks: Bliss, L. Walkup 1

Pirates host CS Christian Saturday By John M. Motter

Pagosa Springs hosts Colorado Springs Christian Saturday at 1 p.m. in the first round of Colorado 2A high school playoff action.

The Pirates earned the hosting privilege by capturing the Intermountain League title. Pagosa finished Intermountain League play with a 4-0 record. Along the way, Pagosa beat league opponents Ignacio, Bayfield, Centauri, and Monte Vista. For the season Pagosa is 7-2, the two losses administered by 4A New Mexico schools.

Colorado High School Athletic Association officials determine who meets who during the playoffs. This year, CHSAA is pitting the IML champions against the second place team from the Pikes Peak League. At the same time, the IML second-place team, Monte Vista, faces PPL champion La Junta.

This is the third successive year Pagosa Springs has won the IML title and Monte Vista finished second. Pagosa has not dropped an IML game since losing the last game of the 1998 season to Monte Vista.

Last year, Pagosa lost 20-15 to Florence in the first round of 2A playoffs. In 2000, playing as a 3A school, Pagosa lost in the first round to eventual state 3A champion Fort Morgan.

Saturday's opponent comes to town with a 4-1 league, 6-3 overall record. They share no common opponents with Pagosa Springs. Within the PPL, the navy blue and gold Lions defeated Rye, Trinidad, Rocky Ford, and Falcon, and lost to league champion La Junta. Outside of the league, the Colorado Springs school beat Calhan and Jefferson and lost to Ellicott and St. Mary's.

Led by five-year coach Mason Young, Colorado Springs Christian has an estimated enrollment of 433 students.

"They are big and good," Pagosa's head coach Myron Stretton said of the Lions. "They have a good quarterback and a good fullback. They run a double twin offense and don't throw lot."

"On defense, I expect to see a five-man front with two or three linebackers," Stretton said. "They have a lot of big linemen they rotate quite a bit. The skill people tend to stay in the game."

Stretton is completing his fourth year at the Pirate helm. Over that span of years, his record is 25-12 overall, 15-3 in the IML, and 0-2 in post season.

Pagosa has won 13 straight IML games over the past three seasons and is working with a six-game winning streak this year. The Pirates use a multiple-offense driven by senior quarterback Ronnie Janowski throwing to a bevy of receivers. Senior Caleb Mellette is the leading rusher, but Darin Lister, Brandon Charles and Brandon Rosgen also get some carries and Janowsky runs the option with experience.

Kicking and punting are handled by Lister. Lister has a 42-yard field goal to his credit this season, is accurate with extra points, punts for distance, and kicks off into the opponent's end zone about as often as not.

Pagosa's defense has been tenacious. Last week, the secondary picked off four Monte Vista passes. Playing in the secondary are Lister, Charles, Janowsky, Ross Wagle, and Ryan Wendt. The Pagosa line tends to go both ways led by Pablo Martinez, Michael Vega, Ethan Sanford, Ben Marshall, Lawren Lopez, Cord Ross, and Hank Wills. Linebackers include Martinez, Rosgen, Marshall, and Andrew Knaggs. Mellette, Jason Schutz, and Cord Ross have manned the defensive end positions all season.

A negative for Pagosa is the loss of junior tight end and defensive end Jason Schutz, who hyper-extended a leg during the first quarter last week against Monte Vista.

Because Saturday's game is a playoff game conducted under CHSAA rules, season passes, student passes, and other passes issued during the year for regular games will not be honored. Admission at the gate is $5 for adults, $4 for children and senior citizens.

Pirates stop Monte for 3rd straight grid crown
By John M. Motter

Pagosa Springs made it three wins in a row in the battle of Pirates Friday by downing Monte Vista 28-21.

Three was a big number for Pagosa Springs Friday. For the third year in a row, the Pagosa Springs football squad captured the Intermountain League title. And, for the third year in a row, Pagosa remains unbeaten in IML play. The last IML loss for Pagosa was to Monte Vista during the last game of 1998. Since then, Pagosa has won 13 straight IML games.

As a result of Friday's win, Pagosa hosts Colorado Springs Christian Saturday at 1 p.m. for the right to advance to the final eight among Colorado 2A football teams.

Heroes aplenty reared their heads when Pagosa needed them in the victory over Monte Vista. As he has all season, senior quarterback Ron Janowski came through time and again with pinpoint passes or a good read on a keeper. Running backs Caleb Mellette and Brandon Rosgen contributed game-breaking runs. Maybe most of all, the offensive and defensive lines did what they had to do when they had to do it.

"I enjoyed the game and so did the boys," Coach Myron Stretton said. "It was fun for me and fun for them because we knew it would be a tough game."

An early turning point came with Pagosa leading 7-0 when Monte quarterback Ben Carlucci threw to Tim Snyder for a first down on the Pagosa four-yard line. Pagosa ended the drive by covering a fumble. On the first play from scrimmage, Janowski hit Brandon Charles moving left to right behind the Monte linebackers and in front of the secondary. Charles snaked the full length of the field for a TD that would have put Pagosa up by two touchdowns by the end of the first period. Instead, the officials called an illegal procedure penalty against Pagosa, canceling the TD. Later in the game, Charles had a second TD called back.

Monte won the opening toss and moved to the Pagosa 43-yard line before being forced to punt. Pagosa put the ball in play from their own 20-yard line following the punt. Two passes from Janowsky to Jason Schutz moved Pagosa to the Monte Vista 40-yard line, but proved costly. Schutz was helped from the field after hyper-extending a leg and did not return during the game.

Seven plays later, Janowsky passed to Charles for the opening score of the game, Darin Lister kicked the first of four successful extra points, and Pagosa owned a 7-0 lead with three minutes left in the first period.

Following the touchdown kickoff into the end zone by Lister, Monte started from their own 20. Pagosa's defense held, forcing Monte to punt. Two plays later, a Pagosa pitch bounced on the turf, only to be recovered by Monte on the Pagosa 25-yard line.

This was the series during which Monte fumbled on the four-yard line and Charles' touchdown jaunt was called back. After an exchange of punts, Glen Marquez scored for Monte Vista, Zeke Sisneros kicked the extra point, and the score was tied 7-7 with 9:25 remaining in the first half.

After an exchange of punts and a Monte Vista interception, Janowsky recovered a Monte Vista fumble. Three plays later, Mellette burst through a gaggle of Monte defenders and light-footed 55 yards into the end zone. Lister's kick boosted the Pagosa lead to 14-7 with 3:12 remaining in the first half. With under 2 minutes remaining in the half, Charles' interception and touchdown return of a Carlucci pass was called back. Two plays later, a Ross Wagle interception gave Pagosa the ball again. Pagosa ran the clock out and at half time jogged to the locker room leading 14-7.

Two holding penalties stymied Pagosa's first drive following the second half kickoff. Wagle stopped a Monte drive with an interception, Monte forced Pagosa to punt, Pagosa returned the favor. Suddenly, with less than a minute left on the third quarter clock, Rosgen exploded through the middle of the Monte line and raced 66 yards for a score. Lister's EP kick boosted Pagosa to a 21-7 lead.

Monte did their best to get back into the game by driving to the Pagosa 18-yard line where a fourth-down Carlucci pass dropped innocently to the grass, uncaught. After Pagosa took over, Mellette broke loose on another long jaunt, this time 66 yards before being caught from behind by Snyder.

Two plays later, Janowsky carried into the end zone, Lister's kick was true, and Pagosa's lead looked safe at 28-7 with seven minutes remaining in the game.

Monte needed less than a minute to shave the lead to 28-14, then just minutes later, Monte blocked a Pagosa punt and took over on the Pagosa 16-yard line. Carlucci passed to Snyder for a TD, Sisneros kicked the extra point, and suddenly Pagosa's lead had melted to 28-21 with two minutes left on the clock. Those two minutes expired before Monte could muster a chance to score.

Mellette chalked up 211 yards rushing, his best game of the season. The Pagosa senior has more than 1,000 yards rushing for the season. Most of Mellette's better runs against Monte came from behind the blocking of Ethan Sanford, Pablo Martinez, and Michael Vega.

"I was impressed with Mellette's running," Stretton said. "Monte has a good defense."

Janowsky completed seven of 14 passes for 101 yards, one touchdown, and one interception. Charles pulled in three Janowsky passes for 41 yards and a TD, Schutz two Janowsky passes for 40 yards, and Lister two Janowsky passes for 15 yards.

Counting defensive solo tackles and assists, Rosgen was tops with 11, followed by Mellette and Martinez with eight, Ross Wagle and Lister with seven.

"It was definitely a team effort," Stretton said. "Until the last few minutes, our concentration was really good. This was the best game of the year for intensity."

Summary

Pagosa Springs 7 7 7 7 28

Monte Vista 0 7 0 14 21

PS: Janowsky 5 pass Charles (Lister kick). MV: Carlucci 13 pass Marquez (Sisneros kick). PS: Mellette 55 run (Lister kick). PS: Rosgen 66 run (Lister kick). PS: Janowsky 1 run (Lister kick). MV: Tortorelli 3 run (Sisneros kick). MV: Carlucci 16 pass Snyder (Sisneros kick).

Pirates bow 3-1 to Roaring Fork in soccer playoff by Richard Walter

With a freshman in net for the biggest pressure game of the year - and four players suspended following the filing of theft-related charges against them - the Pagosa Springs Pirates' soccer team fell out of state playoff contention Saturday with a 3-1 loss to visiting Roaring Fork of Carbondale.

But don't blame the freshman.

Caleb Forrest allowed three goals, but had 14 saves during the contest, indicating he faced 17 shots on goal. On several other occasions, he came out of net to snare balls not on goal before they could be delivered to attackers. And, his outlet kicks were on target.

Roaring Fork's keeper, Kevin Applegate, faced only 11 shots and stopped 10 of them.

It was, however, the inability of the Pirate offense to get organized that in the long run spelled their downfall. And you might attribute that to a Roaring Fork defense keyed to high-scoring Pirate striker Kyle Sanders.

Wherever he went he was fronted and shadowed by an interesting double-team scheme that should have left an attacker open for Pagosa but rarely could the attackers find that open teammate.

One highlight of the contest for Pagosa was the outstanding midfield play of Reuben Coray who headed more drives out of danger and into advance opportunities than most defenders normally see in two or three games. He was like a human fence keeping balls from getting into the attack zone.

The game was a scoreless affair for most of the first half with Forrest, tested early, making three saves in the first four minutes. At the same time, Applegate was sharp in net, turning aside shots by Zeb Gill and two by Jordan Kurt-Mason while a header by Sanders off an out of bounds pass eluded him but went wide left.

In the 22nd minute, Roaring Fork's diminutive speedster Saul Perez broke up the middle and headed a crossing pass from his left wing into the net on Forrest's left side for the first score.

Just two minutes later, the visitors' Juan Trevino had a free kick from 30 yards out that skimmed the turf. Forrest went down to stop it but the ball hit something on the field and took a hop over his head and into the net.

The score held at 2-0 the balance of the half and Pagosa fans hoped for a comeback when play reopened. For 22 minutes, the score remained unchanged. But Roaring Fork's Jason Ibanez ended the standoff and boosted the visitors' lead to 3-0, scoring on a header off a crossing pass from the right wing.

Pagosa made a valiant attempt to come back with Kyle Sanders stopped twice on free kicks and Zeb Gill's header sailing wide right while Forrest was turning in four consecutive saves on RF drives. Twice more Applegate stopped Sanders and then he made his best effort of the game, turning away a breakaway drive by Ty Scott.

Kurt-Mason's long pass-through to Sanders resulted in a cross bar hit and another denial for the hosts.

With six more stops in the half by Forrest, Roaring Fork's attack was stymied. But Pagosa, too, seemed unable to get the key play when needed. Not until the 79th minute did they break the scoring drought, Kyle Sanders recording his 24th goal of the season on an assist by Scott.

The Pirates went into the playoffs with the seventh seed and a 9-2 record. Roaring Fork, the tenth seed, advances to play Colorado Springs Christian, which had the second seed. Telluride, which administered the two Pirate losses before the playoffs, defeated Vail Mountain 2-1 and moves on to play sixth-seeded Basalt.

Summary

First half: Scoring, RF-Perez, assist Ibanez, 22nd minute; RF-Trevino, free kick, 24th minute; Second half: Scoring, RF-Ibanez, assist Perez, 62nd minute; PS-K. Sanders, assist Scott, 79th minute. Saves: PS-Forrest, 14; RF, Applegate, 10. Penalty kicks, PS-2, RF-1; yellow card, PS-T. Sanders.

Volger takes 12th in final state cross country run By Tess Noel Baker

Aubrey Volger finished off a stellar career in cross country with her fourth appearance at state Saturday.

With mountains as the backdrop on the Kent Denver campus, the senior, and a field of 131, battled only the competition and not the weather this year as the day dawned sunny and warm. The parking lots filled, and crowds climbed the short hill in droves to watch the 3.1 mile races.

"We came. We saw. We ran fast," Head coach Scott Anderson said.

Volger hurdled an early-season injury to come back and finish in 20:55 for 12th overall.

"Aubrey closed out a spectacular career running for Pagosa Springs this week," Anderson said. "With a late start to the season because of an injury, she came back to win a few races, and represented herself and the school well. We're happy for 12th."

Estes Park freshman Dawn Shockley won the 3A race, crossing the finish in 20:04, nine seconds ahead of the closest threat.

The two other individual runners for Pagosa Springs, senior Trevor Peterson and Todd Mees, also rose to the occasion, finishing strong despite having to come up from the far outside lanes.

Mees finished in the top 25 while running with an injury. The junior suffered a stress fracture in his ankle during a mid-week basketball game, but came on strong to finish 24th in 18:08.

Peterson, with enough gas to make up ground even in the last 100 yards, finished 71st out of 148 runners with a time of 19:04.

"Trevor had a good race," Anderson said. "He beat some of his rivals and closed out his career by qualifying for state as an individual."

At the front of the 3A boys pack, spectators were treated to a repeat of last year's battle between Bret Scholmeister of Denver Christian, and Aucencio Martinez of Center. Scholmeister finished on top for the second year in a row with a 16:10 first-place finish. Martinez crossed the line ten seconds later.

In 3A team competition, the top four boys' teams were D'Evelyn, Denver Christian, Colorado Springs Christian and Gunnison. On the girls' side, Denver Christian claimed the No. 1 spot, followed by Estes Park, Alpine Christian and Aspen. Bayfield finished fifth.

Weather Stats

Date

High

Low

Precipitation

type

Depth

Moisture

10/23

67

29

-

-

-

10/24

68

30

-

-

-

10/25

69

28

-

-

-

10/26

67

30

-

-

-

10/27

65

28

-

-

-

10/28

67

29

R

-

.01

10/29

67

30

-

-

-

10/30

68

31

R

-

.06

Community News
Chamber News
By Sally Hameister

Christmas lights up; they'll shine Dec. 1

Wow. As I write this on Monday morning, Doug and Ron Hunkin are outside hanging the Christmas lights, and it occurs to me that the holidays will be upon us before we know it.

My weekend houseguests and I did a lot of running around and noticed that a number of stores in other areas already had trees and decorations throughout their stores. There's something not quite right to me about Christmas decorations before Halloween. When I was a kid, we always looked forward to Thanksgiving not only in anticipation of the great feast but because it marked the beginning of the Christmas season. We knew that shortly after Thanksgiving, Santa would appear at L.S. Ayres in downtown Indianapolis, and we would soon have the opportunity to share our list of dreams with him while sitting upon his knee.

Okay, okay, I know I'm sounding like an old toot, but it just seemed to make it more special. Doug and Ron are putting the lights up now because we all concurred that it made sense to do it now instead of waiting until the temperature dropped to the teens in November. They won't be turned on until Dec. 1 when Santa appears here at the Visitor Center with candy canes and his own brand of holiday magic to share with all the little ones. Until that time, I guess I would do well to stay out of big stores that remind me that I'm no longer a kid in Indiana looking forward to Thanksgiving for all the right reasons.

Paradise in Pagosa

Don't forget to pick up your tickets for the fifth annual Immaculate Heart of Mary Fashion Show "Paradise in Pagosa" to be held on Saturday, Nov. 10, at the Parish Hall on Lewis Street beginning at noon.

Everyone always has a grand time at this fun affair watching our friends and neighbors modeling clothes from local retailers and hoping to win just one of the many fabulous door prizes given away throughout the lunch and show.

Tickets on sale here at the Visitor Center are $18, and I strongly suggest that you purchase them soon as this event is sold out every year. Give us a call at 264-2360 if you have any questions.

Until then, Aloha.

Memorial Garden

The Hospice of Mercy invites you to participate in their upcoming fall event at the Hospice Memorial Garden located at the Visitor Center Saturday at 4:30 p.m.

This beautiful Memorial Garden was created last spring and offers a lovely place for folks in the community to gather together to acknowledge losses and gain support during the grieving process. You are invited to bring bulbs (and whatever tools and supplies you might need) to plant in memory of your loved one. Following the planting, there will be special music, a candlelight ceremony and light refreshments served in the Visitor Center.

For further information, please call the Hospice of Mercy, Pagosa Springs, at 731-9190.

Christmas Bazaar

The folks at Community United Methodist Church are preparing to embark upon their annual Russ Hill Memorial Christmas Bazaar beginning, yep, you guessed it, the day after Thanksgiving, Nov. 23.

For 42 years, the members of this church have been making beautiful wreaths and centerpieces for the entire community and the country. Last year, wreaths were sent to almost all the 50 states including Hawaii.

I'm grateful to Helen Miller for providing me with a history of this project with information new to me and, I'm sure, new to others.

Evidently, Russ Hill moved to Pagosa in 1959 bringing with him years of experience in the florist business. He became a very active member of the community and held a number of positions to include the Chamber of Commerce Director. After becoming a member of the Methodist Church, Russ taught a group how to create and decorate arrangements, and the rest, as they say, is history.

As early as August, members of the purchasing committee head for wholesale stores all over Colorado to find the most beautiful ornaments, ribbons and decorations possible. Closer to creation time, greens are gathered from the forest, and then the 45-50 little elves begin the process of creating beautiful things to make our holidays even more special.

The elf hours are from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Monday through Friday from Nov. 23 until Dec. 7. Special orders are taken to accommodate your particular decorating colors and themes, and you are welcome to visit the workroom to select what you might like. I love to visit because the workplace is always just humming with activity and good cheer. These volunteers obviously love what they do and create beautiful things. Proceeds are divided among the church, mission work and various charitable organizations in Pagosa Springs.

To place an order or just gather information about this terrific project, please call 264-4538.

Inserts

It's once again time for you to think about bringing in flyers for our quarterly newsletter, The Chamber Communiqué.

This has obviously become a popular marketing tool because we already have three inserts with no coaxing at all. In case you are not familiar with this economical advertising tool, allow me to elucidate. It is so simple - you bring us 725 flyers with all the information about your great December special, your move to a new location, additions you might have made to your inventory, etc., and a check for $40, and we will take care of the rest and mail it out to our over 780 membership.

This edition is especially popular because it gives everyone a big jump on advertising for the holidays and costs so little to do so. I'm giving you an early heads-up because I know the time crunch we all begin to experience as Christmas approaches, so you have plenty of time to get those babies in here. Just give a call if you have questions and we'll be happy to answer them at 264-2360

Membership

How sweet it is to welcome two new members this week and eleven renewals. We couldn't ask for more during the week of ghosts and goblins.

Our first new member is one of our esteemed board directors, Will Spears, who currently holds a membership for KWUF-AM/FM Radio in Pagosa Springs. Will is branching out into some areas which fall under the umbrella of the Wolf Creek Production Company which includes disc jockey and music services, marketing and promotion, audio production services and sound reinforcement. Basically you can call Will if you need a DJ and/or entertainment for a special event, if you need to rent audio equipment, if you need information about advertising opportunities with KWUF Radio, if you are interested in a studio or live recording and/or duplication and technical assistance. You can reach Will at 264-1400 for more information about any of these services.

We next welcome Joseph P. Ferreira III (Joe) with From the Heart Personal Chef Business. I just recently had the pleasure of sampling some of Joe's fine cuisine and can tell you he does a bang-up job. Just give him a call if you need a special gift basket or would like to peruse his dinner menus or just generally if you would like personal attention and service for all your catering needs. Please give Joe a call at 920-903-1810 to learn more about From the Heart Personal Chef Business.

Our renewals this week include Michael DeWinter with both of his businesses, DeWinter and Associates (Interior Design) and The Plaid Pony (Gift Boutique); Grace Simons with the Snowbird rental property; Salila Shen with Lotus Mountain Coaching Services; Brian Gronewoller with Power House Youth Ministries; Laura Daniels with the Pinehaven Cabin rental property; Donald Roy Headrick with the Country Lodge rental property; Eddie Campbell with the Branding Iron Bar B Q; Sherry L. Waner with Bank of Colorado; Tim Horning with Southwest Custom Builders; and Scott Strickland, Coordinator with Pueblo Community College-Southwest Center, Pagosa Springs.

My sincere thanks to one and all.

Senior News
By Janet Copeland

Pine Ridge offers to share events with area seniors

Ernie Garcia, the activity director at Pine Ridge Extended Care Center, spoke to us on Tuesday about plans to have folks from their facility join us in some of our activities and invited our folks to join them for their activities.

We appreciate this effort and look forward to integrating our groups. Ernie told us they will conduct a blood drive at their facility on Monday, Nov. 5 between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m. Folks willing to donate should contact them (731-4330).

Also on Tuesday, Muriel Cronkhite spoke regarding nutritional needs of seniors - especially the need for seniors to eat more fruits and vegetables. Muriel is the nutritionist for the San Juan Basin Area Agency on Aging and always presents very informative commentary regarding our diets. Thank You, Muriel.

On Wednesday a large group welcomed Michael Buderus who spoke to us about long-term health care. He is one of only a few people to have earned the Certified in Long-Term Care (CLTC) designation and is also a certified senior advisor (CSA) and Life Underwriter Training Council Fellow (LUTCF), so he is very knowledgeable and provided valuable information.

Friday we celebrated the birthdays of folks born in October, including: Joyce Richter, Mary Archuleta, Jan Hartzell, Marion Knowles, Arthur Ruiz, Don Hurt, Irene Dunavant, Lila Martinez, Gene Crabtree, Marie Wollenweber and Janet Copeland. We hope all these folks had wonderful, healthy birthdays.

Our monthly potluck on Friday evening was great, with the largest number of attendees yet. It is such fun to bring our favorite dishes and eat 'til we can't hold any more, then enjoy visiting. For those who haven't joined us for the potluck supper, it is usually held on the last Friday of each month at 5 p.m., so watch for the exact date and plan to come.

Our Senior of the Week is a very special person: Willie Trujillo. Congratulations, Willie. He is a longtime member of this group and is always a pleasure to visit with.

A big welcome to Dolores Gallegos who is the newest member of our kitchen crew.

We are happy to have had Ophelia Gloan, Marie Wollenweber (mother-in-law of our Musetta), Lorraine Scott, Fidel Perea, Dick Myers, Amy Allen, Johnny Montoya, Kayla Lindsey, Bill and Grace Rieseter, Gene Crabtree and Tony Scarpa join us this week.

A big thank you to the anonymous donor for the money to help pay the expenses of various events for folks who can't afford all the cost. This kind of help means a lot to folks who want to take advantage of special events planned for our group.

Cindy has arranged an exciting tour for Nov. 15: a tour of Georgia O'Keefe's home, studio and gardens in Abiquiu, N.M. The total cost is $30 per person - $15 for transportation and $15 for the tour - but there is a limit of 12 allowed on the tour so interested folks need to make their reservations and pay the fee immediately. Deadline for sign-up is Nov. 8. Contact Cindy or Musetta at the center.

A reminder that the Liberty Theatre offers 2 p.m. matinees for seniors only on Wednesdays for a nominal charge of $3. We so appreciate this service and hope seniors will take advantage of it.

Beginning in November, the yoga classes will be held on Tuesday mornings, so folks may come to them and still go swimming on Wednesdays at the Lodge.

Local Chatter
By Kate Terry

A postal hoax hits daughter of Pagosan

Hurrah for Debbie Tucker and Jack Ellis who have put together a night-long musical event this Saturday (Nov. 3) at the Timbers Restaurant to benefit families of the firemen and policemen who lost their lives in the Sept. 11 tragedy in New York City.

The benefit is called "For the Families." All monies go for the cause (the committee even paid for the posters) and Fire Chief Warren Grams will see that funds get to the proper accounts.

Doors open promptly at 5 p.m. A donation of $5 is requested, and more will certainly be accepted. Local musicians will entertain with ten different acts including Rio Jazz and the Pagosa Hot Strings.

Around town

The airways are full of stories about postal hoaxes being pulled by weird and sick people. Here's one close to home.

Paul and Etta Faye Day have a granddaughter Jeanne Hise who is now married and going to college in Boise, Idaho. Jeanne and her husband, Nathan, live in a small apartment house. Her mother, Paulette, recently sent her a small package of pictures and corn candy. Their mailbox is locked. When a package arrives, the postman places it in a central box and then puts a key to this box in the apartment holder's box.

But, in this case, the postman goofed. He put the key in the wrong box and "whoever the box belonged to" found the box, and seeing that it wasn't addressed to him or her, placed it on top of the unit and sprinkled corn starch on it.

When the postman returned on Monday and saw the box, he called the police.

We can imagine how shook up Jeanne was when they appeared at her door wanting to know who she was and did she know the sender.

This is another true story. The mother of a local young woman called to tell her that she is going to Italy, that she's planned the trip for a year, that she's had a good life, and that if the place is hijacked, she hopes that it will be on the way back.

And this is the last item. How would you like to turn on the news and see pictures of the terrorists responsible for the Sept. 11 tragedy and recognize them? That's what happened to my cousin's son-in-law who lives in a community just below Boca Raton. He had seem them every day on the pay-as-you-go fishing wharf near his house. There were 13 of them; they didn't fish - only talked to each other.

About town

At the Pentagon memorial service, a very familiar hymn was sung. It begins "God of our fathers, Whose almighty hand ..."

The words were written by Daniel C. Roberts in 1876 for a celebration of the Centennial Fourth of July and sung at Brandon, Vermont, to the tune of "Russian Hymn." Soon afterwards, to celebrate the adoption of the Constitution, George William Warren composed at the present tune and named the song "Nation's Hymn." The third verse is particularly easy to identify with:

"From war's alarms, from deadly pestilence,

Be Thy strong arm our ever sure defense;

Thy true religion in our hearts increase,

Thy bounteous goodness nourish us in peace."

Fun on the run

Three sisters ages 92, 94, and 96 live in a house together.

One night the 96-year-old draws a bath.

She puts her foot in and pauses.

She yells down the stairs, "Was I getting in or out of the bath?"

The 94-year-old yells back, "I don't know. I'll come up and see."

She starts up the stairs and pauses.

"Was I going up the stairs or down?"

The 92-year-old is sitting at the kitchen table having tea listening to her sisters.

She shakes her head and says, "I sure hope I never get that forgetful."

She knocks on wood for good measure.

She then yells "I'll come up and help both of you as soon as I see who's at the door."

Veteran's Corner
By Andy Fautheree

Transportation grant bid completed, filed

One of the major projects this office has been working on lately is an application for a grant to purchase a new vehicle for transporting veterans to the VA health care facilities. If any of you have ever applied for grant money you know how complicated the process can be. I'm proud to say the application was finalized and sent off Friday. We are seeking funds to purchase a van-type vehicle to handle the increased travel needs of our Archuleta County veterans.

Two hundred and forty thousand dollars has been allocated to the Colorado Division of Veterans Affairs from the Colorado Tobacco Settlement Fund. This is the money you have read about the last couple of years that the tobacco companies must pay states for tobacco liability health care issues. Goodness knows many of our veterans have health problems that are frequently associated with tobacco. It has been my understanding one of the target areas of the grant is for benefit of veterans in rural counties who must travel great distances for their health care needs.

Nearest VA health care facilities are the VA clinic in Farmington, NM (180 miles round trip) and VA hospital in Albuquerque, NM (560 miles round trip). As I wrote last week, there is no opening date yet for a planned Durango VA clinic. Our current veteran's transport vehicle was purchased new in 1999 by Archuleta County and already has nearly 100,000 miles on it. It doesn't take a rocket scientist to figure out how many miles a year we are putting on this vehicle getting our veterans to their health care appointments. Veterans or volunteer drivers primarily use the vehicle on trips to these facilities. It would be nice for the Archuleta County taxpayers if we can use some of the tobacco settlement monies to pay for a new vehicle.

Records indicate we currently have 264 veterans from Archuleta County enrolled in the VA Health Care program, and more are signing up every day. According to the clinic in Farmington these veterans made 1,386 clinic or hospital visits in the last 12 months. Quite an impressive number considering our county size. LaPlata County with about four times more population than Archuleta County only has about 60 more veterans registered for local VA health care than we do. This office is attempting to coordinate multiple veteran travel arrangements with the increased number of veterans making trips to the health care facilities and it is expected a van transport vehicle will provide better service.

As I have often mentioned Archuleta County is very supportive of local veteran needs. They not only purchased the current vehicle, they also provide all of the maintenance, insurance, etc. for the vehicle. The only cost to the veterans for the use of this vehicle is the fuel.

I would also like to thank our Archuleta County veterans organizations for their support in this grant application. American Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars and The Retired Officers Association all contributed letters of support.

For information on these and other veterans' benefits please call or stop by the Veterans Service Office located on the lower floor of the Archuleta County Courthouse. The office number is 264-2304, the fax number is 264-5949, and E-mail is vsoarch@pagosa.net. An Internet Website can be found at www.geocities.com/vso_archuleta The office is open 8 to 4, Monday through Thursday, or Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (Discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.

Extension Viewpoints
By Bill Nobles

Feelings, actions grow from perceptions

Nov. 5 - 4-H New Family Orientation, Extension office, 6 p.m.

Nov. 8 - Cloverbuds, Extension office, 4 p.m.

Teen and parents

Perception is reality, and no where is this more evident than in parent-teen relationships.

The way in which parents and teens communicate, solve problems, make decisions and manage stress are greatly affected by their perceptions. As human beings, we do more than merely experience our world - we also perceive it. We define situations and events. We interpret them, make some kind of sense of them. We make inferences and draw conclusions. Our interpretation could be right or wrong, but what we perceive is our reality. Our feelings and our actions grow out of these perceptions or misperceptions.

Perceptions and emotions

It is common to blame our feelings on events or people: "When my car broke down, it made me so angry." or "He makes me so angry when he . . .!" These emotional reactions, however, are complex. It wasn't the car's behavior that made the man angry. It wasn't the woman's husband or her teenage son who made her angry. The emotion was based on how each interpreted the events.

When a teen acts out, a parent may think: "He couldn't possibly have a reason for being so obnoxious. He's just trying to get my goat." That interpretation almost always leads to anger.

Perhaps there's a better way. A mother might realize that her son was irritable because he had a bad day. He may be worrying about a poor grade, perhaps he didn't get the role he wanted in the school play or he and his girl friend may have quarreled. This mother interprets the situation differently and feels sympathy.

Another mother might realize that her son is trying to establish his independence, so she doesn't take his tone of voice personally. Yet another responds with humor. Four different interpretations of "irritable teen behavior" lead to very different parental emotional reactions and behaviors.

Communication

Whenever we observe behavior, listen to someone speak or gather information, we draw conclusions. If we interpret correctly, we respond reasonably. If, however, we conclude incorrectly, our response may be wrong.

Two issues are important here:

Communication always involves interpretation

Because we base interpretations on values, beliefs and experiences, we could interpret incorrectly.

We can avoid this pitfall through feedback. A reality check takes only a few seconds. Ask, "Do you mean . . .?" or "Are you saying...?"

Problem solving

How we perceive a problem affects its outcome. We may limit our options or possible solutions by the way we see, define or describe the problem.

For example, a father who wants help with household tasks sees his problem as a lazy daughter. This limits his number of solutions. What do you do with a lazy daughter? You can't just exchange her for another with more ambition.

Given the perception that his daughter is lazy, dad likely has been nagging her, a tactic that seldom succeeds. Better would be some solid communication. The daughter may not know how to keep a household functioning. Perhaps she doesn't realize how much time and energy her father is exerting. Maybe a heavy load of schoolwork and other commitments are strapping her time and energy. Perhaps she gets only those tasks which she finds distasteful. Dad may not have been clear about his expectations, needs and standards. While it's possible his daughter suffers from a lazy streak, dad might benefit by changing his tactics to enlist his daughter's help.

Stereotyping teenagers

Negative assumptions about teens are rampant, and parents and teens can be negative. Yes, our teenagers will be difficult at times, but aren't we all? We would be better served by knowing our own children as the individuals they are.

Folk wisdom says that optimism will bring success in almost anything we do, while pessimism, or negative expectations, will achieve the opposite. Any positive or negative belief can become true, because we tend to act, as we believe. Using that logic, our teenagers may be difficult because we may expect them to be. And teens may think, "If I'm going to get blamed for it anyway, I may as well do it."

We communicate expectations to our teens through tone of voice, facial expressions, touch and posture. These expectations will help or may hinder our teens by influencing their self-perceptions. Teenagers and young children tend to live up or live down to whatever is expected of them.

Conclusion

Perception, along with stereotyping are powerful forces in human relationships. Learning how both parents and teens perceive a situation can help improve understanding and communication skills.

What do you assume or take for granted? Do you buy into widely held stereotypes and do you base expectations of your teen (or parent) on them? Can you see your teen (or parent) as a person in his or her own center rather than just as another member of the "younger" or "older" generation?

The ability and willingness to examine how the process of perception is playing out in your family can go a long way toward improving communication and easing conflict.

Crusing with Cruse
By Katherine Cruse

Working the kokanee spawning harvest

Last week I went on a different kind of fishing trip - the annual kokanee spawning harvest.

You can find kokanee in various reservoirs around here. They're a landlocked sockeye salmon. Even in their native lakes in the Pacific northwest, they never migrate to the ocean. Maybe they swam upstream in ancient geologic times and got stuck. Our Kokanee got to Colorado in 1955 courtesy of the Colorado Division of Wildlife, and via Flathead Lake in Montana.

The Montana strain had been passed along from Lake Whatcom, in Washington State. The poor things never get to see the ocean. They spend three or four years growing up in the lake, until their hormones kick in and tell them it's time to reproduce. Then they try to head upstream. And that's when the Division of Wildlife intervenes.

We gathered at the edge of a creek that flows into Lake Vallecito, shivering in the cold early morning air, hoping the sun would soon reach us. A weir stretched across the stream and the salmon were almost motionless in the water, waiting patiently. A couple of bald eagles circled over the lake. Mike Japhet, an aquatic biologist for DOW and the guy in charge of this operation, two employees and another biologist from the state fish hatchery in Durango came in their various trucks. They unloaded gear - a long roll of net, or seine, two enormous wire cages, five-gallon plastic barrels, a generator.

Gradually the volunteers started arriving. This work probably couldn't be done without volunteers. The more the better. Some of the volunteers, like Jamie and Bob, have been coming for years. I thought it was a nice way to spend the morning, but they all had tales of doing this in the rain. People pulled on Neoprene and big rubber waders. The cages, about 6 feet long and 4 feet wide, were placed out in the stream bed. Six or eight people unrolled the seine and stretched it across the stream, about 75 feet below the weir. They faced upstream, clinging to the net and holding it taut.

Mike and Tim shouldered the electric paddles and waded into the stream. Fish began jumping and swimming away from the electric shock, toward the net. If the people hadn't been wearing waders, they'd probably have been jumping, too.

Mike and Tim reached the net, shut off the electricity, the fish were transferred into one of the cages, and the process was repeated.

My friend Nancy and I got ready for our job, counting the males and females. Since we were wearing oversized waders, the hardest part was climbing into the back of the pickup truck, which had been backed into the stream. A huge galvanized tub rested on the lowered tailgate. Below us, in the water, a table was set up to hold three more tubs and an array of plastic bowls. This was high-tech work.

Volunteers with nets transferred fish from the cages to the tubs. The four state employees grabbed fish and "milked" their sides. Orange eggs streamed into small Tupperware bowls. "Female," came the shout, and I clicked the counter in my hand. The fish was tossed into the tub on the back of the truck.

Eggs from two or three females were fertilized with sperm stripped from a male fish. "Male!" another fish sailed into the tub, and Nancy clicked her counter.

Volunteers moved back and forth, collecting fertilized eggs in plastic dishwashing pans, rinsing them carefully with river water, floating off any dead eggs or other unwanted matter.

They transferred the fertilized and washed eggs into a five-gallon plastic barrel standing in the stream. Water from the stream was poured into another bucket and flowed continuously through PVC pipes through this barrel, keeping the eggs cool and fresh. At the end of the morning the fertilized eggs would be taken to the state fish hatchery in Durango.

Sixty of the milked fish were counted out and carried in a tub to the back of another pickup where Deb, a veterinarian and fish pathologist, collected tissue samples and distributed them in an array of test tubes. The samples would be sent that day to two different labs to be tested for whirling disease and several other bacterial and viral infections.

As the morning progressed more and more people parked their cars on the road and came down to watch. A lot of them carried coolers. A stiff wind was blowing off the lake. My thermal shirt, wool sweater, fleece vest and a padded jacket were barely keeping me warm, and I thought it was a little cold for a picnic.

Silly me. When the work was over for the day, we had about 150 fish in the tub on the pickup. Nancy and I clambered out, and Mike and Tim drove the pickup out of the creek and down the road to where they would distribute the fish.

That's what all those coolers were for - free fish!

There's a limit of 10 kokanee, and you have to have a valid fishing license.

Everybody received six fish at first pass, and most of them went right back to the end of the line in hopes of getting the rest of the limit. I walked up and down the line, taking a survey. "What are you going to do with these fish?"

Most of the people said they were going to can them, a few said, "Freeze them." And a couple were going to smoke them. I was looking for tips on cooking, not preserving.

I took my "catch" home and baked them.

Pagosa Lakes News
By Ming Steen

Reset clocks and warn kids about early darkness

San Juan Outdoor Club had another successful Sports Swap.

Over $1,000 was raised for the club's general fund, with an additional $250 to be donated directly to the Disaster Relief Fund to aid families of victims lost in the Sept. 11 massacre. Those who attended the swap found great deals on used equipment and are now understandably anxious for snow so the playing can begin.

The San Juan Outdoor Club utilizes the money in the club's general fund to support the SJOC college scholarship fund, American Cancer Society and some trails building and maintenance for both winter and summer recreational opportunities.

The college scholarship fund is in its third year and provides a scholarship each year to one Pagosa Springs graduating high school senior going into an outdoor or environmental field of studies.

San Juan Outdoor Club will hold their general meeting at 7 tonight at the Parish Hall. Physical therapists will talk and present a video on guidelines to reach and stay on one's peak for this ski season. A local sporting goods retailer will also be a part of the evening's program, showcasing some of this season's newest ski gear.

If you are new to Pagosa and would like to become involved with the SJOC, you are invited to attend the meeting and find out more about the club. Annual family memberships are $20 and a single pays $15. The club organizes activities year-round that include but are not limited to hikes, mountain bike outings, jeeping, kayaking, nordic skiing and highway trash pick-up. The last activity, although not as enjoyable as the others, draws a large number of club members.

Tomorrow evening, beginning at 5 p.m., a group of local musicians are putting on a live-music benefit for the families of the firemen who died Sept. 11.

The benefit will be held at the Timbers of Pagosa. A $5 donation at the door will go directly to the families of the firefighters. Local artists providing entertainment to support this community fund raiser include Pagosa Hot Strings, Rio Jazz, Mark DeVoti, Dutton Ditch Blues Band, the Joe Jazz Trio, Randall Davis Band, Ramey and Pepper, Melange and Cellophane. Come out and support the families of our fallen heroes. The music will be great and it will be a special evening.

Recreation Center business hours have been extended to include 6:30 a.m. openings Monday through Friday throughout this winter. The early opening five mornings a week is to meet increased demand, so take advantage of this. If you wish to get in a workout before starting your work day, this arrangement is ideal for you.

Parks and Rec
By Douglas Call

Spirited play highlights soccer tournaments

League play ended Wednesday night and tournament play will start Monday in the adult coed volleyball league.

CPR Title will play American Family Insurance at 7 p.m. Piano Creek Ranch and Dulce/Silver Dollar will meet at 8, and Ski and Bow Rack will play Ace Hardware at 9.

League winners were determined Wednesday night, but the top two seeded teams were Colorado Construction and Ski and Bow Rack. Tournament games will be played through Nov. 19.

Volleyball clinic

The third annual youth volleyball clinic is in full swing and will continue through Nov. 19, with sessions being held twice a week, Monday and Wednesday evenings. The clinic is open to all youth in fifth and sixth grades. Fifth graders meet from 6:30 to 7:30 p.m. and sixth graders meet from 7:30 to 8:30.

All practices take place in the junior high gym. Registration forms are available at Town Hall and the intermediate school. Participants can register for $10 at the recreation department office at Town Hall or at the gym. Call the recreation office at 264-4151, ext. 232 with any questions.

Baseball committee

The youth baseball committee met last Tuesday to determine the future of the program in Pagosa Springs. The formulation of an AABC League in Pagosa was discussed.

For more information about the meeting or to attend the next meeting contact 264-4151 ext. 232.

Youth basketball

Youth basketball registration is underway with registration forms available at Town Hall, the elementary school and the intermediate school. This year's season is scheduled to start play before the Christmas vacation.

A group practice will be held for players 11 and 12 on Nov. 15 from 6-8 p.m. in the junior high gym. Teams will be formed at a Nov. 20 coaches' meeting. Practices will begin Nov. 26 and games will begin Dec. 10.

This year, players will receive T-shirts as uniforms. A $10 registration is going on now and will last until Nov. 9. After that date the rate will go to $20.

Elks hoop shoot

The Town of Pagosa Springs Recreation Department will host the annual Hoop Shoot sponsored by Durango Elks Lodge at 9:30 a.m. Dec. 1 in the intermediate school gym.

The Elks "Hoop Shoot" basketball free-throw contest is a nationwide contest for boys and girls ages 8-13. Winners will be awarded T-shirts and patches and will advance to regional playoffs at Escalante Middle School in Durango at 2 p.m. Jan. 12. Girls and boys compete separately in the following age groups: 8-9, 10-11 and 12-13.

Light poles

The Town is in the process of selling old decorative light poles at $50 per pole. Interested parties can purchase as many poles as desired and need to contact Doug Call at 264-4151 ext. 231 for more information.

Arts Line
By Stephanie Jones

Changes coming to enrich community

In order to support the mission of our arts council and provide members of our community with a flourishing and diverse art environment, the council board has made changes in the current structure of the gallery.

The Pagosa Springs Arts Council Gallery in Town Park will be closed from November through the end of April.

In May, the gallery will reopen with exciting new art exhibits, each running a period of three weeks with multiple artists' works on display. The new exhibit format will feature juried shows, theme exhibits and three dimensional art exhibits.

Artists interested in exhibiting work are encouraged to pick up an application at the gallery or call 264-5020 for more information. Applicationss for the upcoming 2002 season are due by Feb. 15, 2002.

The gallery building also serves as the business headquarters for the PSAC and will have office hours Wednesday through Friday from 10-2 during the months of December through March.

Photo contest

The opening of the 14th annual Photo Contest will be at Moonlight Books Feb. 2 from 5-7 p.m. The show will be on display until Feb. 23.

The contest is open to amateur and professional photographers and anyone interested in entering can pick up information at Moonlight Books, PSAC Gallery, Pagosa Photography, Photo and Sound, or Mountain Snapshots. Entries will be accepted at Moonlight Books until Jan. 30 at 5 p.m.

Thank you

The arts council would like to express its sincere gratitude to Piano Creek Ranch for all of their generosity and support over the past few years. We were saddened to hear that their offices in town will be closing and we will miss them greatly.

Pagosa Poster

The first Pagosa Springs Poster, sponsored by the Chamber of Commerce, the arts council and our local schools, is a great success. Congratulations to all the individuals who spent so much time, talent and energy on the project. The photographers - Charel Fawcett, Randy Andersen and Bruce Andersen - did a magnificent job of portraying our beautiful "Paradise For All Seasons." A special thank you to Ken Harms for the concept and design on the poster, Bruce Andersen for his instruction, and to Linda Lurno for beautifully framing the pictures.

Radio show

To catch up on the latest arts events in the area be sure to listen to KWUF the second Thursday of each month from 8:05-8:35 a.m. Jeff Laydon will be sure to inform and entertain you.

Volunteers needed

Getting involved with the PSAC is a lot of fun. You get to meet wonderful people and serve the arts community. We are currently looking for several volunteers. The position of Workshop Coordinator is open for an individual interested in organizing arts workshops to be held at the gallery and eventually at the new Community Center. There are numerous workshop ideas in place, and we need someone to coordinate them.

If you are interested please call JoAnn at the gallery 264-5020 or Jennifer Harnick at 731-3113.

We are also looking for volunteers to help out with functions that are currently in place. Please call JoAnn if you are interested.

Nutcracker

San Juan Dance Academy students Amanda Huang, Daisy Jones, Jacqueline Garcia, Lila Burns, Kayla Walker, Emma Donharl, Hayley Hudson, and Leslie Baughman will perform in the Aspen Santa Fe production of the Nutcracker, Dec. 7, 8 and 9 at Fort Lewis College. This is an excellent opportunity for the girls to be dancing on stage with a professional ballet company and congratulations to all those involved.

Business News
Biz Beat

Ben Johnson is general manager and Dan Ribera is finance manager at Hi Mesa Truck and Auto Center, located at 597 Navajo Trail Drive, near the intersection of U.S. 160 and Vista Boulevard.

Hi Mesa Truck and Auto Center, formerly Pagosa Auto Sales, was purchased in October by Hi Country Chevrolet of Aztec, and Johnson was retained to run the local operation.

Hi Mesa remains the hometown dealer for quality used cars and trucks, with competitive prices and on-the-spot financing available for all types of credit. Business hours are 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Monday through Friday, and Saturdays from 9 to 3. Call 731-4377.

Obituaries
Frances Eaton

Frances Eaton, 88, of Phoenix, went home to be with the Lord on Oct. 17, 2001. Funeral services were Oct. 21 at Bethany Bible Church in Phoenix, with burial in Phoenix Memorial Gardens.

Mrs. Eaton is survived by her dear husband, Ralph, to whom she was lovingly married for 67 years; daughter Helene Eaton Winter and husband David of Santa Barbara, Calif.; sons David and wife Carol of Phoenix, Philip and wife Sharon of Seattle, Wash., and Timothy and wife Nancy of Santa Barbara, Calif.; sisters Helen Mains and Pauline Sims both of Phoenix; a brother, Hugh Perry of Clovis, Calif.; grandchildren Leslie Eaton Vance, David Eaton Jr., Douglas Eaton, Christopher Eaton, Stacey Smith, Stephen Kamm, Jeremy Kamm, Mark Eaton, Michael Eaton, Todd Eaton, Chloe Eaton and Mathew Eaton; and 18 great grandchildren.

Frances Eaton was a member of Good Samaritan Auxiliary, Christian Women's Club and Bethany Women's Ministry.

She was born Aug. 18, 1913 in Pocatello, Idaho and moved to Phoenix in the early days of Arizona growth. She was part of a strong family that knew a great deal of struggle and hardship. It was there that she gained a spirit of perseverance, hard work and a hopeful attitude.

She was a strong partner with Ralph as they built together a family and a business. In all the business and family decisions over the years, she was a steady and wise voice to her family. She blessed the family and so many others with good food, a welcoming home, a mothering care and a strong and steady faith. She loved her Lord, diligently read scriptures and earnestly prayed every day until the end, and lived out her faith with kindness and concern for others. She knew her share of pain and yet was always ready with a meal, a good and positive word, something with which to cheer others.

She was a very gifted and strong woman. There are so many who will miss her graceful and gracious touch.

Dean Peterson

Dean D. Peterson, 49, a resident of the Farmington area since 1975 after moving there from Pagosa Springs, died Oct. 26, 2001. Dean was born Aug. 28, 1952 in Durango, the son of Paul and Margy Peterson. His mother preceded him in death in April, 1998.

He is survived by his father, Paul, of Bloomfield; wife Jennie of Farmington; daughters Brandy serving in the U.S. Navy in Crete and Amanda Howell and husband Chip of Farmington; a brother, Dale and his wife, Pam, of Bloomfield, and a nephew, Heath Peterson of Metairie, La.

Dean was employed most recently as a professional truck driver for Four Corners Pre-Cast Inc. He also drove for Giant, Permian and Havens trucking companies. He answered his country's call and entered into the military, serving in the U.S. Coast Guard where he was a boatswain's mate, made second class petty officer and received an honorable discharge.

During his boyhood days in Pagosa Springs, ºDean was an avid hunter, fisherman and horseman and was involved in 4-H clubs in which he won many awards. He enjoyed woodworking, gardening and, above all, his family. He was a stay-at-home family man. Dean also attended horse shoeing school at Cowpolly Technical School in San Luis Obispo, Calif.

He was a faithful member of St. John's Episcopal Church of Farmington where services were held at 11 a.m. Friday with Father Carl Brenner officiating. There was cremation under auspices of Cope Memorial Chapel of Farmington.

Pete J. Martinez

Pomoceno (Pete) J. Martinez, age 84, died Oct. 28, 2001.

He was born April 13, 1917 in Pagosa Junction to William Carr and Barbara Vasquez and he was later raised by his grandmother Filomena Martinez. He married Anna Perea April 14, 1939 in Pagosa Springs. She died Feb. 14, 1995.

A member of the Good Shepherd Catholic Church in East Carbon City, Utah, where he served as an usher for 17 years, he never missed Sunday Mass. He was a retired member of the UMWA Horse Canyon Local 9958 with 33 years of dedicated service.

Pete enjoyed fishing, hunting and gambling in Wendover and Mesquite. His grandchildren and great-grandchildren were the light of his life. Pete was loved and revered by all who had the pleasure to make his acquaintance and he will be sorely missed by all who knew and loved him.

He is survived by daughter, Sandra Martinez McManus, East Carbon; grandchildren, C.J. and Amanda McManus, East Carbon; Pete and Kelly Martinez, Price, Utah; Cheryl and Miles Frandsen, Price; Andy Martinez, Denver; Micheal and Michelle Barker, Spring Glen, Utah; Barbara and Kevin Din, San Jose, Calif.; Raquel and Andrew Blanford, Santa Barbara, Calif.; Randy and Paula McManus, Sunnyside, Utah; Delisa McManus, West Valley, Utah; Kristen Laws, West Valley; Ronnie and Rick Jones, West Jordan, Utah; and great-grandchildren, Christian, Jeremy, Erin, Ryan, Chelby, Kanyon, Easton and MacGregor. He was preceded in death by wife; and son, J.R.

Funeral Mass will be Saturday, Nov. 3, 10 a.m. at Good Shepherd Catholic Church. A Vigil service will be held tomorrow, 7 p.m., at the church in East Carbon City. Family will be at the church Friday and Saturday one hour prior to services. A Committal service will take place at the Price City Cemetery.

Ilvah Mosby

A memorial service will be held Saturday at the Pine River Cemetery in Bayfield, for Ilvah E. "Babe" Mosby, who passed away on Oct. 11, 2001 in Federal Way, Wash., at the age of 88.

Mrs. Mosby spent most of her life residing in Durango. She worked at Gordon's Department store in Durango as a cashier for 11 years and in the La Plata County Clerk's office for 23 years, retiring in 1982.

Mrs. Mosby was born in Piedra on December 14, 1912 to pioneers Sam and Josie Snooks. She married James E. "Ed" Mosby in Pagosa Springs on July 9,1930.

Mrs. Mosby was preceded in death by husband Ed, infant son Charles Edward and brother Otis H. Snooks.

Mrs. Mosby is survived by a sister, Hattie Kingsley of Buckley, Wash. Numerous nieces and nephews also survive.