Front Page

September 20, 2001

Gas shortage, panic cause brief increase at the pumps

By Tess Noel Baker

Panic, which in turn caused a dip in available fuel supply, and area oil refinery shutdowns were to blame for price hikes at local pumps following the terrorist attacks last week according to local service station owners.

Price gouging was not.

Gary Dillard, one of the owners of The Corner Store/Fina station at U.S. 160 and Piedra Road, said people were filling up tanks like crazy Tuesday.

"We sold three days worth of gas by 5 p.m. that day," he said. "We ran out of all grades of gas as well as diesel." A load that followed at 6 a.m. Wednesday barely filled the station's tanks, he added. The truck that arrived Thursday night carried no regular unleaded, forcing the station to sell super unleaded at regular prices.

"Our supplier needs 48 hours advanced notice," Dillard said. "We were lucky to have ordered the truck Saturday. If not, we probably wouldn't have had full tanks until Thursday."

"We had our biggest day ever at Village Texaco," Jere Hill, owner of that station and United Oil Company, said. "I finally told them to shut the pumps down at 9 p.m. and let people calm down." At the North Pagosa Shell station across North Pagosa Boulevard, the pumps were empty by 7:30 p.m.

"We had diesel," Wanda Candelaria, an employee of the Ampride station at 1st Street and U.S. 160, said. "We were waiting for a load of unleaded." It arrived just in time Tuesday evening.

"We just didn't expect to run out of gas. I think a lot of people panicked," she said.

That panic response nationwide at the pumps combined with the unknown reaction and response at the federal government level fueled suppliers' concerns.

"We went up because my supplier scared me to death," Burly White, owner of North Pagosa Shell said. "We explained that to our customers. You can't not make money to stay in business."

Dillard, of The Corner Store, where regular unleaded gas prices were $1.84 Wednesday and dropped to $1.69 by Saturday, said his fuel supplier advised him to expect a 15-cent increase following Tuesday's events. It turned out to be a 5-cent jump.

"We simply raised our price what our cost went up," he said on Monday.

At Poma's Pit Stop where prices held at $1.69 for regular unleaded through Wednesday before increasing to $1.74 on Thursday and Friday and then dropping back down, the situation was the same.

"We did not raise our prices on the gas that we had," Mary Jo Poma said. "I think that's just like looting." Instead, the increase was made based on the cost of the next load that arrived.

Hill, owner of Village Texaco, where prices for unleaded were at $1.75 Wednesday and then down to $1.69 the rest of the week, said allocation restrictions put in place prior to the terrorist attack, plus a jump in the cost of fuel at the refinery added to the problem.

"Any increasing we did was because the refinery went up and the scarcity of the product and the fact that our refinery is doing an overhaul."

The closest refineries, Hill said, are in Bloomfield, N.M. Of the two refineries there, one jumped its prices on unbranded unleaded up 17 cents a gallon on Sept. 11, and the other increased 15 cents on Sept. 11 or 12. That, plus the fact that one refinery is doing an overhaul, sent Hill to Albuquerque, meaning cheaper gas but increased transportation costs.

"We can't hardly get any gas close by," he said. "Their price (Albuquerque) has been 10, 12, 15 cents cheaper than we can get closer."

Being on allocation has meant restrictions in the amount of gas that can be purchased. Buying above a daily average results in penalty costs raising the price of fuel even more.

And for some of the stations, including Shell and Fina, shopping around for the cheapest gas isn't an option. Because of the name on the station and the pumps, gas must come from a certain supplier, sometimes at a higher price.

At the corporate level, this is what Jeff Morris, CEO of Fina said about the situation in a phone interview Wednesday:

"Nationally, and even regionally, there was some corporate overreaction and some price gouging.

"On Tuesday evening I was surprised at the long lines out our stations and became concerned about a potential shortage.

"At midnight, Sept. 12, I approved a price increase of five cents per gallon. I'm not aware of any distributor making a statement referring to a 15-cent increase.

"The same day at noon, we recognized we had overreacted and immediately dropped the price back to its previous level.

"I'm aware that some other brands have moved their prices up as much as 20 cents, but also recognize that almost all of them quickly returned to lower levels when they recognized the overreaction. Almost all, like ourselves, had cut back within 12 hours.

"We are aware that some stores across the country are being pursued by attorney generals for raising prices as much as $3. That's price gouging, and they should go to jail."

Prices at four local gas stations in town remained unchanged from Sept. 12 to Sept. 16, according to observations made by SUN staff. Those stations are Ampride, both Conoco stations and Everyday.

Lynn Forssberg, general manager of Basin Cooperative which owns the local Ampride station, said because of the amount of gas they buy at one time, it can be easier to set and hold a price.

"We had a notice on Tuesday that there would be a 10-cent increase then they (suppliers) turned around and backed off," he said.

However, Basin Cooperative is also operating on allocation, meaning first-come first-served at the refinery, and it's probable prices will go up.

"We were hoping it was going to cycle out before we had to put our prices up, but I don't think that's going to be the case," Forssberg said.

In the end, guessing what prices will do day to day at a local ownership level is nearly impossible, Dillard said in an interview Monday.

"I have another truck ordered for tonight or tomorrow morning," he said. "I don't have a clue what the prices will be. We don't know until it gets here what the price will be."

State report card makes it official; schools average

By Richard Walter

The schools in Pagosa Springs are average. So says the state of Colorado.

The state report card for Archuleta District 50 Joint, released Thursday, includes each of the district's four schools in the "average" category, one in which 645 other Colorado schools found themselves.

Just over 1,700 schools were tested statewide and the evaluations released Thursday were designed to let school officials know where their institutions stand now and where they need to go.

Statewide, only 30 schools were ranked as "unsatisfactory" and only two of them were outside the Denver metropolitan area. Both of those were in northern Colorado.

On the other hand, only 130 of the 1,700 schools tested received "excellent" ratings. Included were 74 elementary schools, 32 middle schools and 24 high schools, most of them along the Front Range. None were in the Four Corners area, but four - Crested Butte, La Veta, Ouray and Telluride - are in league competition with Pagosa Springs in some sports.

The balance of the schools included 406 with "high" ratings and 400 rated "low."

Regional comparisons showed Bayfield elementary and intermediate schools also ranked average while the community's junior high and high school were rated in the high category; Ignacio's elementary and intermediate schools were rated average, their junior high and high schools rated low.

The ratings were based on results of Colorado Scholastic Assessment Program tests administered last spring. Student scores on those tests - advanced, proficient, partially proficient and unsatisfactory - were weighted differently with the numbers entered into a formula stipulated in state law.

When the formula was calculated, each school was attributed a single number that determined its rating. To attain an "excellent" or "low" rating, schools were then grouped by grade level and within each grouping an artificial "bell curve" was created.

State law required that 8 per cent of the schools in each grade level be named excellent, the next 25 percent rated high, the next 40 percent rated average and the next 25 percent rated low. The bottom 2 percent in each category were those judged unsatisfactory.

The bell curve grading control was a one-year tool only. Next year the schools that improve can progress up through the ratings levels; those which stay the same or score lower on actual comparative scores could drop in the overall rankings.

Only one of the four Pagosa Springs schools was listed among those with a problem in terms of safety and discipline.

The elementary school, with 28 assault/fight incidents in the last school year, ranked 18th in the category. Lake County Intermediate was tops in the group with 119. Underwood School in Del Norte was the only other one in this area listed, ranking just above Pagosa Springs with 30 incidents.

Statewide, in schools rated average, the number of such incidents averaged 9.6.

The report also profiles each school as a portion of others within the same classification statewide.

In schools rated average, such as Pagosa, the median teacher salary in middle schools was $35,278 and the median teacher experience 11 years; in high schools, the medians for salary and experience were $34,427 and 12 years, respectively; and for elementary schools, the medians were $40,104 and 12 years respectively.

For comparison, in the schools ranked excellent, the data were $39,000 and nine years in middle schools; $41,252 and 13 years in high schools; and $44,204 and 11 years in elementary schools.

The state said copies of all reports are being made available to each school for dissemination to parents.

Stevens Field gets $2.7 million FAA update grant

By John M. Motter

A Federal Aviation Administration grant amounting to $2.7 million was accepted by the Archuleta County commissioners while meeting in regular session Sept. 11.

Money totaling just over $3 million will be used to fund the continuing upgrade of Stevens Field, according to Tim Smith, the airport manager. Colorado and Archuleta County are donating $152,346 each as a match to the FAA grant. A portion of the county match may take the form of donated labor, equipment, and materials.

The grant was anticipated and its money already included in the county's 2001 budget. Tuesday's action is tantamount to depositing the money in the bank. Work on the project should begin next week and be concluded by the end of the year, according to Smith. Nielsons-Skanska of Cortez has the construction contract.

This year's work is the first of a multi-stage project intended to upgrade Stevens Field to FAA standards for a C-2 field, according to Smith. The runway surface bearing weight will be upgraded from the current 16,000 pounds to 60,000 pounds, making it suitable for most modern private aircraft. When completed, the runway length will be 8,100 feet, Smith said.

Work anticipated includes strengthening a portion of the north end of the runway, improving safety by acquiring and clearing land adjacent to the runway, and relocating aircraft directional lighting.

In a separate project at Stevens Field, work continues on reconstruction of the taxiway providing access to private hangars adjacent to the former runway. Funded through the county road and bridge budget, the incomplete taxiway project has cost the county about $219,000 so far. Of that amount, about $189,000 has been spent for direct costs including the approximate $133,000 bid for laying the asphalt surface. An estimated additional $30,000 has been spent for county road and bridge labor and equipment directly involved in the project. All of the bills for the project are not in yet.

Accident, fire close U.S. 160; three hurt

By Tess Noel Baker

A collision between a gravel hauler and a small pickup sent three people to the hospital Thursday and closed both lanes of U.S. 160 east of Pagosa Springs for an hour and a half.

According to Colorado State Patrol reports, the driver of the gravel truck, Robert Barnett, 48, of Pagosa Springs, was attempting to make a left-hand turn from the entrance to Hard Times Concrete onto U.S. 160 when the semi was struck by an eastbound pickup.

The force of impact ruptured the semi's fuel tank, Fire Chief Warren Grams said, starting a fire that burned off the tires on the gravel truck and damaged the highway. A total of 12 firefighters with four pieces of equipment, along with EMS crews and law enforcement personnel responded.

But before emergency crews could reach the scene, at least two witnesses and Barnett provided some quick, perhaps lifesaving assistance according to witness reports. As the fire started to spread to the smaller truck, a chain was used to pull the black 1997 Chevrolet S-10 away from the semi. The pickup's passenger, April Herrera, 22, of Farmington, was helped from the vehicle, and one witness attempted to assist the driver trapped in the Chevrolet.

Herrera was transported to Mercy Medical Center with injuries to both arms.

Ian Gee, 24, of Kirbyville, Texas, the driver of the pickup, was flown to San Juan Regional Medical Center by Air Care 1 which was able to land on the highway. He suffered serious head injuries. Barnett was treated and released.

According to Colorado State Patrol reports, charges against Barnett are pending.

Citizens Utilities reveals plan to slash user rate nearly 40%

By Richard Walter

David Freeman is a man of his word.

And his word could mean a rate cut for natural gas customers of Citizens Utilities Co.

The natural gas supplier for the Pagosa Springs area has filed an application with the Colorado Public Utilities Commission for the approval of gas cost adjustment rates effective Oct. 1.

Purpose of the application is to reflect in consumer bills the changes in rates charged the utility by its suppliers of natural gas and pipeline delivery services.

What does that mean to the individual user?

The revised gas cost adjustment rates for the Western Slope system, Freeman said, will mean an overall decrease of 39.76 percent to residential customers. The reduction would come after three rate increases totaling over 94 percent in the period between Oct. 1, 2000 and Feb. 1 this year.

When the last of those increases was approved, Freeman promised consumers their usage rates would decline when costs to the utility declined.

"That has happened," he said.

Copies of the rate cut application as filed with the Public Utilities Commission, are available for examination at all public offices of the firm and at the PUC office at 1580 Logan St., Denver.

Anyone who wishes to do so may file a written objection or seek to intervene as a party in the filing. If a person wishes only to object to the proposed action that person may file a written objection with the commission. Such filing will not allow the person acting to participate as a party in any proceeding on the proposed action.

Earlier this year, Freeman said, "We (Citizens Utilities) are always playing catchup whether the cost is up or down . . . as the base rate goes down - and it will - we will drop rates, too," he promised.

On Monday, Freeman said, "the rate is still market driven and, in terms of what happened last week, there theoretically should be no effect at all. Most of the natural gas used in the United States is produced here and there are no OPEC ties to be considered in terms of national emergency."

"I hate trying to predict prices when the demand is uncertain because of national events," he said. "If the economy is sluggish there may be a limiting effect, but if the rebound many are expecting takes place, it is unlikely."

"The whole industry," he said, "learned a lesson in terms of storage after the crisis of last winter. We went from a national low to a national high right now."

That, he said, "is what gives us the opportunity to cut back on rates. The supply combined with a lighter than normal air conditioning season this summer, give the industry an impetus we welcome passing on to the consumer."


Editorials

September 20, 2001

Enlightenment, please

In the shadow of tragic events last week, political life goes on in our small mountain community. It must go on.

On Nov. 6, voters will be asked to decide on tax increase and extension issues.

One of these is a request by the Upper San Juan Hospital District, asking for a mill levy increase that would more than double the current levy.

The request is born of serious financial problems. If the district was a business, it would be in Chapter 11 bankruptcy, with reorganization the main priority. Hold the analogy for a moment and imagine it is the taxpayer, as bankruptcy court judge, who will be asked to approve the increase. Our court is being asked to open the pocketbook and there are two ways to pry it open: roughly, with thinly veiled threats; or gently, with confidence tempered by a measure of sadness.

The rough course will be taken if district advocates harp loudly and often about the danger to the public should it vote against the increase, losing vital emergency medical services, and aspects of service at the Mary Fisher Clinic and Urgent Care Center. Reminders by advocates that voters will determine the level of service provided to the community is a thinly-veiled warning and there is no need to belabor the obvious: the taxpayers know they are over a barrel.

A more conscientious and honorable approach is to explain in detail the dilemma out of which the request for an increased levy grows, and to reassure us that all steps have been taken to ensure additional money will not be poured into the same flawed operation.

So far, we have not learned enough to be assured the venture has been sufficiently reorganized.

To this point, we've heard marginal explanations of the situation. We have been told the problem originated because of "misinformation." We have been told there was a "typographical error" in the 2001 budget. We have heard there was an "imbalance" between the buildup of services and the revenues available.

We would feel more confident if, in the next few weeks, the directors of the district have enough respect for constituents to tell the truth about how this board and others failed to meet a fiduciary duty to the taxpaying public. We need to know how a director can make a public statement to the effect that, for the first time in 12 years, the situation is finally clear.

It would be enlightening to learn how a district can be pressed to enter a growth pattern, selecting a certain mode of service expansion over others, not knowing there are insufficient funds to carry the expansion. Who or what lures the district into building a particular service style without a solid economic foundation?

We need to know how it is that a tax-collecting entity constructs additions to buildings and creates programs to fill them, then maintains the programs with donated money and loans? We must be told how a statutory entity can end up with virtually no reserves, in apparent violation of Colorado law.

It will be reassuring to get answers to these questions. It will also be reassuring to know that a complete evaluation of structure, policy and personnel has taken place, with the district's shoulders relieved of unnecessary weight. It will be comforting to know that all district operations are run in a cost-efficient manner, with extraneous elements and personnel trimmed.

There is time left for these answers, before the court rules.

There is time left to assure us that major changes have been made, that the district has been streamlined, that those persons and practices responsible for the debacle have been removed. Or have removed themselves.

We cannot be expected to feel good about business as usual, with more money poured into the pit to fuel the folly. We need a reorganization worthy of the additional expense.

Prove it is so.

Karl Isberg

Dear Folks

By David C. Mitchell

Mixing economics with sociology

Dear Folks,

Tuesday's large front-page photo focused on Wall Street this week. After six days of focusing on the loss of lives and the prospects of war, some folks turned their attention to economics.

The contrast took me back to the summer of 1957. I had been discharged 10 months earlier. My two years in the Army had qualified me for the G.I. Bill. I didn't need to find a summer job in order to pay for going to college. So I decided to take some summer school classes at the University of Houston.

I signed up for an introductory economics course and a course in sociology. It was my first formal exposure to economics or sociology. I found them to be interesting, and in a sense similar. While economics discussed supply and demand, raw materials and manufacturing, sociology addressed nationalities, population density and cultural influences. Both disciplines focused on the wellbeing or misfortune of human beings.

As the summer progressed, it became apparent that economists had it easy. There were specific factors that determined the value or worth of a product: supply, demand, production cost, distribution cost, taxes or duties, marketing, competition, research and development, etc. Value systems weren't so cut and dried in sociology.

When I wasn't attending classes or studying, I spent my afternoons in the hot Houston sun trying to learn tennis or working out. Both activities allowed me to mentally ruminate the limited yet startling remnants of World War II that I had seen during my 18 months in Germany.

Evidently I was at an impressionable age during my time in Germany. It was the most idyllic 18 months any Pfc. could have imagined. I traveled more than I trained. I had time to talk with Germans of my own age and hear their impressions of World War II and their impression of America and Americans. They helped me learn to think.

I never realized that about nine months after returning to the States that I would be trying to mix econmoics with sociology to determine the value of a human life or a human being. It's not based on supply. It's not based on demand. It's not based on marketing strategy . . . it's a discussion that's continued in my mind off and on ever since.

Just what is it that determines the value of one human being against another human being? Is it based on nationality? Is it based on age or physical status? Is it based on a particular belief or non-belief system? Is it based on sexual orientation? Is it based on gender? Is it based on intellect or lack of intellect? Is it based on age or the varying stages of life? Is an American life more valuable than an Afghani life? Is the life of a Palestinian more valuable than the life of an Israeli? Is the life of a Irish Catholic more valuable than the life of an Irish Protestant? Is the life of a black Sudanese less valuable than the life of anyone else? Is the life of a . . . regardless of the human being, it's irrelevant? Each human life is of equal value.

Rather than provide answers, last week raised another question that's been swirling through my head. It deals with the Taliban leaders supposed concern that American TV, music and movies are corrupting the morals of Muslim teenagers. It sets me to wondering why American leaders aren't expressing similar concerns regarding the best interests of American youth?

But to many folks, America's youth aren't being corrupted. They might be alcoholics, addicted to narcotics, ill-mannered, materialistic, obese, unreliable, poorly educated, irreverent, disrespectful, self-centered, violent, suicidal, producing illegitimate children or undisciplined, but they aren't being corrupted. No, America's youth are merely emulating America's adults and living down to their standards.

I pray that God will bless America and that America will win its declared war against terrorism. And that somehow America will win its undeclared war against its weaknesses from within. It would be a shallow victory for America to win the war but lose the nation.

Know you are loved and please keep us in your prayers. David

Legacies

By Shari Pierce

100 years ago

Taken from The Weekly Times of September 19, 1901

The autumn tinge seen on the oak leaves of the mountain oak brush is one of the beautiful sights seen in picturesque Colorado this time of year and is worth a whole year toil and turmoil of life to be able to enjoy just one week of this kind of weather.

Some claim jumping is reported done west of town. We are very sorry to hear of this as we had not heard of any such heretofore, but the parties will, in all probability, be very tired of their attempt before they get through with it.

Judging by the sample radish from Frank Conner's ranch which has been displayed in Hatcher's store the past week, the Blanco Basin ranchmen must have splendid crops this year.

75 years ago

Taken from SUN files of September 24, 1926

Just before we went to press this afternoon, Amarante Martinez sustained injuries when the truck he was driving went over the steep slate bank near the Houser commissary, just east of the depot, the truck and man being hurled into the river. He was coming down the old Putnam Hill road. The brakes were faulty and they were unable to make the turn in the road near the Frank Matthews residence, hence Martinez headed the truck toward the hill in the hopes that the grade would stop the truck. The truck had too much momentum and started over the top of the hill to the river, far below.

A deal has been completed the past week whereby Mrs. Clara Salabar becomes proprietress of the Metropolitan Hotel, succeeding Mrs. Barney Pettyjohn.

50 years ago

Taken from SUN files of September 21, 1951

The post office is undergoing a remodeling and face lifting job that will do much to improve the service here. Additional space is also being added and a large loading dock at the rear of the building. Some time ago the post office department finally woke up to the fact that the present space occupied by the post office was entirely inadequate and called for bids on a larger scale.

Ed Toner returned to Fort Collins Saturday to begin his college work after spending the summer at the Carlin ranch.

The enrollment at the local school at the start of the second week is 512. That is a crowd for the size of the building. It appears that the move started last year for a new building should be revived and arrangements made for a new building of some kind.

25 years ago

Taken from SUN files of September 16, 1976

The old ranch house from the Frank Teal ranch was moved to a new location west of Pagosa Springs the first of the week. It was placed on a lot north of the highway on Put Hill. The structure is 30 feet 4 inches wide and weighs an estimated 40 tons. It took two days to traverse the distance by highway. Signs, power, telephone lines and other structures had to be moved to make room for the two story house.

The school enrollment continues to climb and now stands at 863 students.

Eastbound travelers over Wolf Creek Pass should take note that new construction is underway at the Pass at the east end. New bridges and new roadways are being built and delays of one hour or more may be experienced when blasting is in progress.


Inside The Sun

September 20, 2001

PLPOA retains $15 property transfer fee

By Richard Walter

Going against a request originating at the annual membership meeting in July, the board of directors of Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association has voted to retain its $15 transfer fee on property sales in the association.

Mojie Adler had introduced a resolution at that meeting urging the fee be withdrawn because the funds were not necessary to operation of the administrative offices.

"Thirty two percent of our budget goes to administration," she told the gathering, "and that staff should handle this."

The board, however, felt the charge necessary and voted Sept. 13 to continue it.

Another resolution presented at the annual meeting, pertaining to officially naming the area contained within the Pagosa Lakes Property Owners Association as Pagosa Lakes, Archuleta County, Colorado, has been forwarded to legal counsel for review. Walt Lukasik, general manager, told the board no written opinion has yet been received.

In a session abbreviated by lack of specific issues and opened with "a minute of silence for American victims of terrorism," the board welcomed a deleation from Pagosa Lakes Porpoises Swim Team, which presented directors a team picture and thanked them for their support; adopted an updated Environmental Control Committee Building package after amending it to change the diameter of scrub and gambol oak required to be cleared from three to six inches; approved a settlement agreement with the Ranch Community, details to be released when both sides accept proposed wording; and discussed a proposed revision of the Code of Enforcement Hearing Panel to allow additional alternate members so as to ensure sufficient manpower to conduct hearings when regulars are absent.

County resolution urges citizens to stand tall and proud: show terrorists they failed

By John M. Motter

Archuleta County citizens joined the nation this past week in developing a response to the Sept. 11 terrorist attack on eastern seaboard targets.

A moment of silence was observed by the county commissioners at their regular, Tuesday morning meeting. Then the commissioners adopted the following resolution on behalf of county citizens. The resolution originated with the National Association of Counties, was adopted across the nation, and is symbolic of a united national resolve to take whatever steps are necessary to meet the threat implicit in the attacks.

The resolution reads:

"Whereas, on September 11, 2001, the United States of America was suddenly and brutally attacked by foreign terrorists, and;

Whereas, these terrorists hijacked and destroyed four civilian aircraft, crashing two of them into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, and a third into the Pentagon outside Washington, DC, and;

Whereas, thousands of innocent Americans were killed and injured as a result of these attacks, including the passengers and the crew of the four aircraft, workers in the World Trade Center and in the Pentagon, rescue workers and bystanders, and;

Whereas, these cowardly acts were by far the deadliest terrorists attacks ever launched against the United States, and, by targeting symbols of American strength and success, clearly were intended to intimidate our nation and weaken its resolve, and;

Whereas, these horrific events have affected all Americans. It is important that we carry on with the regular activities of our lives. Terrorism cannot be allowed to break the spirit of the American people, and the best way to show these cowards they have truly failed is for the people of the United States and their counties to stand tall and proud,

Therefore be it resolved, that the governing Board of Archuleta County condemns the cowardly and deadly actions of these terrorists, and;

Be it further resolved, that the governing Board of Archuleta County supports the president of the United States, as he works with his national security team to defend against additional attackers, and find the perpetrators to bring them to justice, and;

Be it further resolved, that the governing board of Archuleta County recommends to its citizens to support relief efforts by giving blood at the nearest available blood donation center."

United Blood Services has arranged for local citizens to donate blood at the United Methodist Church on Lewis Street today between 2 and 6:30 p.m. For those unable to meet today's schedule, arrangements to donate at other places and times may be made by calling (505) 843-6227 or (800) 333-8037.

In other business Tuesday the commissioners:

Postponed action on a request by county planning department staff to require Ridgeview Subdivision to extend a performance bond connected with parking lots and roads to the subdivision. The subdivision houses the Ridgeview Mall with frontage on Navajo Trails Drive, a commercial access frontage road paralleling U.S. 160 between North Pagosa Blvd. and Vista Drive. The bond was issued to ensure, among other things, that the developer construct Navajo Trails Drive to meet county standards and other road requirements.

County planning staff, based on information from the county's contract engineer, Alpha Engineering and Materials Testing, recommended that the developer be required to extend the performance bond until evidence is presented that county road requirements are met. The developer argues that Navajo Trails Drive was built to county standards and has existed satisfactorily for one year. He further argues that equipment connected with a nearby construction project has subsequently damaged the road. Further, the developer asked that the performance bond requirement be dropped, to be replaced by the usual two-year maintenance bond. He agreed to make repairs under the agreement containing the maintenance bond.

That's not a good idea, county attorney Mary Weiss told the commissioners. The act of dropping the performance bond amounts to acceptance of the initial construction as meeting county standards. It is likely that grantors of the maintenance bond will refuse to pay for any maintenance connected with these specific problems, Weiss said, because they will claim that the conditions existed before the maintenance bond was issued. The commissioners delayed action pending receipt of further information

Gave approval to Karen Wessels of Alpha Engineering and Materials Testing, the county's contract engineer, to develop a standardized form for evaluating and reporting road inspections connected with land development. The project is authorized at a cost not to exceed $1,000

Listened to a monthly progress report delivered by Social Services director Erlinda Gonzalez. Gonzalez attested that her department is totally moved into quarters inside the new Pagosa Springs town hall on Hot Springs Blvd. and is totally operational

Were informed by Weiss that a legal action brought against the county and Hard Times Concrete has been dropped with prejudice by the plaintiffs, San Juan Valley Friends of the Environment. With prejudice means that in the future the plaintiffs waive the right to bring these specific issues back to court, according to Weiss. The action was connected with a permit granted Hard Times Concrete by the county allowing operation of a concrete batch plant

Discussed the idea of reducing the Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission membership to five. Currently the board has seven members, plus others who don't often attend meetings. The others include representatives from town, the Southern Utes, and Mineral and Hinsdale counties. The commissioners also learned that the terms of Bobra Schaeper and Lynn Constan expire soon. Constan, the current board chairman, has indicated a desire for reappointment. Schaeper has served for 11 years and has indicated no desire to serve another term

Agreed to look into conditions surrounding property labeled as "greenbelt" in Aspen Springs, specifically property formerly targeted for development as a golf course. Of concern is possible private encroachment on the property

One week earlier, the commissioners agreed to join La Plata County and other Colorado counties in a lawsuit opposing steps taken by the state oil and gas commission that could stop local control of surface land uses in connection with oil and gas well development. Archuleta County committed up to $5,000 for the litigation. In a related move, the commissioners set Sept. 26 at 1:30 p.m. to meet with the USJRPC concerning proposed county oil and gas regulations

Conducted a noon workshop with representatives of the Archuleta County Builders Association to discuss licensing of building contractors within the county. The tone of the talks opposed county licensing, but recommended voluntary contractor listing with the Archuleta County Builder's Association. A condition of listing would be proof that the contractor possesses liability and workmen's compensation insurance. A one-time waiver could be granted homeowners constructing their own homes. The county could require proof of liability and workmen's compensation insurance before issuing a building permit No action was taken at the meeting.

County receives Humane Society request

By John M. Motter

The Humane Society of Pagosa Springs is asking the Archuleta County commissioners for $49,656 from the 2002 budget.

That amount exceeds last year's $42,000 county budget allocation to the Humane Society.

In justification of the increase, the Humane Society says the number of impounded and stray dogs in the county has increased 12 percent over the past year.

The Humane Society also points out that the amount requested is not considered a contribution, but represents a fee levied for services to the county.

Included with the Humane Society request is a breakdown of expenses. One expense column estimates how much the county would spend to maintain its own facilities. That column totals $97,890. A second column uses 79 percent of the previous total, $77,333.

The second column deducts about $13,825 from the total because the local Humane Society does not euthanize animals in their care. Instead, they attempt to dispose of the animals by finding homes or through an exchange network involving other societies. By assuming the county would euthanize animals, the Humane Society assumes the county would save the $13,825. Building amortization is also included in the $13,825.

Archuleta County is currently receiving budget requests from elected officials, budget heads, and others who participate in the county budget. The Humane Society submittal is that organization's initial request in the process.

The commissioners took no action related to the request. They have until mid-December to finalize the 2002 budget.

Hospital board will view new budget for first time at October 16 meeting

By Tess Noel Baker

The Upper San Juan Hospital District Board will get its first chance to chew through a 2002 budget at its next board meeting, Oct. 16.

Between then and December, staff and board will work to finalize and certify the estimated $2 million budget which leans heavily on the passage of a levy increase Nov. 6.

The district is asking voters to approve a mill levy increase of 2.030 to bring the total general operating levy to 3.884. That would mean a $345,899 annual jump in revenue. If approved, the increase would raise taxes on a $150,000 improved property by approximately $28.

At their regular meeting Tuesday, the board considered the current state of affairs.

Dick Babillis, chairman of the board and acting district manager, said the district was forced to dip into the $100,000 line of credit set up by the Mary Fisher Medical Foundation in July to keep the district afloat financially in September.

A total of $45,000 was withdrawn to cover payroll and some large bills during a cash crunch, Babillis said. However, with most of the large annual payments behind them, he predicted the possibility of returning some of the withdrawal in the next two to three weeks.

"That would show that we're using that to get through the bumps, but not keeping it," Babillis said. The district is not required to return the money extended in the line of credit, but has promised to make a "best effort" attempt to do so.

According to an account summary available at the meeting, both the Mary Fisher Medical Center and Emergency Medical Services are running about $30,000 in deficit based on the original 2001 budget.

Babillis said the deficit continues to be the result of items that were grossly underbudgeted. For instance, $9,700 was budgeted in 2001 for malpractice insurance at the Mary Fisher Medical Center. Actually costs are closer to $23,000.

In other business:

Rod Richardson, EMS operations manager, reported that FAA regulation changes following the tragedy in New York City would be affecting AirCare operations. According to the FAA, all flights, including medical evacuation, must now file a flight plan.

In response, Richardson, along with Tom Bamrick in the Chromo area, will be working to identify and number several landing zones throughout the county. Once those landing zones are pinpointed, a GPS coordinate can be determined and pre-filed with AirCare. Dispatch can then radio Durango-based helicopter with a message like "LZ#10" to speed up the time it takes to file the flight plan

Board members approved a change in the employee manual regarding the date of paycheck distribution for Mary Fisher Medical Center employees. Babillis said the change was only one of many amendments needed. Other, changes, however, were postponed until a new director can be hired and work through the manual with the help of staff

Babillis announced that a political action committee, or PAC, Friends of the Hospital District had been formed. Tom Steen will chair the committee. He also said two final want ads for the district manager position will be posted in industry magazines in September and October. The goal is to begin the screening process for a new manager Nov. 8 and hire for the position by the start of 2002.

County may be wildlife pilot area

By John M. Motter

Archuleta County may become the pilot area for a plan developing across Colorado aimed at reducing road kill and providing winter habitat for big game animals.

In its simplest form, the plan anticipates acquisition of conservation easements, allowing wildlife to cross highways without colliding with vehicles. In addition, the plan contemplates acquisition of conservation easements protecting big game transition and winter ranges.

Called Wildlife For the Future, the plan is jointly supported by the Colorado Sportsman's Coalition, a collection of organizations connected with the encouragement of wildlife development and protection, and Southwest Land Alliance, a local organization active in supporting easement acquisitions designed to preserve various aspects of the environment.

Southwest Land Alliance is the lead agency, committed to an in-kind donation of up to $500,000.

Local guide and outfitter Dick Ray described the proposal to the Archuleta County commissioners at their last two regular meetings. The commissioners have responded by endorsing a Great Outdoors Colorado Grant request submitted by the organization.

Grant money is being sought for use in conducting an initial study of migration corridors and wildlife winter range in Southwest Colorado.

"We have to make sure the land is contiguous," Ray said. "Migration routes have to connect summer and winter habitat in order to work."

No taking of private land is being considered, according to Ray. Instead, private land owners will be paid for easements across their property and only if they volunteer the property.

The plan anticipates identification of migration routes and winter range, the purchase of easements, highway fencing designed to stop big game, and the construction of highway over or under passes for the use of wildlife.

"Not only will this plan protect wildlife, it will benefit motorists if it cuts down the number of people killed or injured by collisions with wildlife," Ray said.

The organization is seeking an initial $60,000 grant from GOCO, leveraged by $25,000 from the Colorado Division of Wildlife.

Organizations interested in the plan include the Colorado Division of Wildlife, the Colorado Department of Transportation, the Southern Ute and Jicarilla tribes, and others.

Initially, the plan contemplates a pilot program in La Plata, Mineral, Hinsdale, and Archuleta counties. Most of the land involved is expected to be in Archuleta County.

Fund here for fallen firemen

By Tess Noel Baker

Local fire departments, moved by the tragic loss of firefighters last week in New York City, have set up an assistance fund for donations.

The fund will be open until Sept. 30, Fire Chief Warren Grams said. All money collected will be forwarded to the New York City Fire Department through the La Plata County Fire Chiefs Association.

Contributions can be taken to the Bank of the San Juans, 305 Hot Springs Boulevard, or the Pagosa Springs Fire District main station, 191 North Pagosa Boulevard. Checks should be made out to the New York Fire Relief Fund.

"If you can't make a contribution, please remember these folks in your prayers," Grams said.

People are also cautioned not to promise money over the phone and to be careful of scams, some of which have already began in the wake of the tragedy, Grams said.

Bug bodies fascinate preschoolers

By Tess Noel Baker

Name the three segments of an insect body.

Describe the number of legs that makes a bug buggy.

Stumped? Just ask a preschooler.

All 20 who attended the Bugs! program at the Sisson Library Tuesday will probably light up to answer. From local daycares and with moms in tow, they arrived at 11 a.m. for the 30-minute program led by Sheila Salazar, of the U.S. Forest Service.

"Crisscross, applesauce," she said. As if she'd waved a magic wand, the milling children sat in front of her and gave the interpreter most of their attention.

"Can anybody tell me what their favorite bug is?" she asked.

"Caterpillar," was the first answer. Then, "ladybug" and "tarantula."

After pointing out that spiders weren't actually bugs "we'll find out why a little later" Salazar asked the children to help her draw a bug.

"What does a bug have to have?" she asked.

First came a big green head, then blue eyes and a dangerous-looking red mouth.

"There's different kinds of mouths because bugs eat different things," she said. Out came some visual examples of mouth types: straws, straws with needle-like points and pincers. Then came the big decision. Salazar called a boy forward to draw the mouth.

"What kind of bug is this going to be?"

"Mosquito," he said.

Antennas were added "to feel around with," and then a main body segment, or thorax.

Drawing the legs - six for an insect, eight for a spider - was a challenge. The child-artist selected wanted badly to deviate from the norm and add legs almost everywhere, but the point got across anyway.

Finally, Salazar led the children to add an abdomen, and the multicolored, nearly anatomically correct insect was complete, tearing across half the large sheet of paper.

The bug song was next - complete with actions - to the tune of "Head, shoulders, knees and toes." The words were a little different though.

"Head, thorax, ab-do-men, ab-do-men," Salazar sang. "Six legs, antennas, wings, moving mouth parts too."

Finally, the children were unleashed to look at some samples of bugs, work on a five-foot bug puzzle or create their own insect using a variety of art supplies including clay, styrofoam balls, paper clips, toothpicks, pipe cleaners and more.

"I wanna use pink," one little girl said, reaching for the table. "I wanna use blue," chimed in another bug-creator.

The results were amazing. In minutes, a red, blue and purple ball-shaped bug, a green bug with several toothpick legs shooting from the abdomen, and a bug with large red eyes among others were being tucked into plastic bags for the trip home.

"I have two boys and they're very into bugs," mom Lisa Scott said, showing one of her children how to look through a small cylinder to learn how bugs see. She was excited to have programming available at the library.

"If we can come, we do," she said. "They're usually terrific and the kids love them. Information, song, and craft - that's awesome."

Carol Baughman, of Mama Carol's Daycare, brought all of her charges.

"They all like bugs," she said. "They capture them. I'm a pacifist. It's like 'let it go.'"

Creating the day's program was a matter of drawing on past experience and considering the age of the children, Salazar said.

"I borrowed bits and pieces from the forest service in Durango, but mostly I just put it together out of my own head," she said. The numerous thanks she received from kids and parents alike confirmed its success.

The Bugs! program was sponsored by the Interpretive Alliance, a local organization that worked throughout the summer to provide free educational events for people of all ages.

"Next year we want to do a lot more children's programs because these have been so successful and well-attended," Salazar said.

As for this year, the key to remember is: "Head, thorax, ab-do-men, ab-do-men."

Monday is National Family Day celebration

By Bill Nobles

On Monday, Sept. 24, we commemorate the backbone of our country's social structure - the family - as we celebrate National Family Day.

The definition of "family" is continually widening and reshaping itself, but one element remains constant: children need caring adults to provide them with guidance and love.

Families are at the center of healthy youth development. While a young person's teachers, coaches and peers can have a large influence, a young person's family interaction can make the most difference to her or his success.

Assets for Colorado Youth, an organization focusing on positive youth development, is working to ensure young people have the essential "developmental assets" they need to succeed. The research-based list of 40 assets provides all adults with a role to play in giving young people the support, positive experiences and values that help them to grow up responsible, caring and confident.

Families are a critical source of a youth's developmental assets. The following are just a few of the assets that originate from the family:

Family life provides high levels of love and support

A young person and her or his parents communicate positively, and a young person is willing to seek advice and counsel from parents

Parents are actively involved in helping the young person succeed in school

Family has clear rules and consequences and monitors the young person's whereabouts

Parents and other adults model positive, responsible behavior.

Recent findings regarding the factors involved in teen drug and alcohol abuse from the CASA National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse confirm the importance of these family-related assets. The survey found that parents who consistently take 10 or more of the following 12 actions have teens at substantially lower risk of smoking, drinking and illegal drug use:

Monitor what their teens watch on TV

Monitor what they do on the Internet

Put restrictions on the music CDs they buy

Know where their teens are after school and on weekends

Expect to be and are told the truth by their teens about where they are going

Are "very aware" of their teen's academic performance

Impose a curfew

Make clear they would be "extremely upset" if their teen used marijuana

Eat dinner with their teens six or seven times per week

Turn off the TV during dinner

Assign their teen regular chores

Have an adult present when the teen returns from school.

These actions are powerful in shaping youth behavior. For example, survey results point out that teens who regularly eat dinner with their families are one-and-a-half times less likely to engage in substance abuse than teens who do not.

In honor of National Family Day, parents can reaffirm the positive influence they have in guiding their child to make wise decisions and choose positive paths.

For more information on the developmental assents that help young people succeed, call the Archuleta County Extension Office at 264-5931 or visit the Assets for Colorado Youth web site at www.buildassets.org.

Letters

September 20, 2001

Justice and peace

Dear Editor,

We, the members and friends of the Pagosa Springs Unitarian Universalist Fellowship, share the national sense of horror at the attack on our people and our institutions. We support a focused and effective response against those who are responsible for these horrendous events. At the same time, we hope that our nation will not fall into the trap of racial/cultural stereotyping. We deplore any personal actions taken by citizens against those of the Muslim faith or who come from Arab countries.

We also ask that our country, as the world's strongest nation, take justice and peace in the Middle East as a high priority task, equal to that of retaliation. Until we solve the root causes of the hatred and violence, and provide alternatives to the narrow religious fundamentalisms that likely fostered this attack, we can only expect more such terrible events in the future.

Pagosah Unitarian-

Universalist Fellowship

Tom Cruse, President

Ventilation system

Dear Editor,

Sally Hameister was correct in her column last Thursday regarding the presentation of Fiddler on the Roof, it was a great show with tons of talent. I also attended on opening night.

What Sally didn't comment on was the most uncomfortable environment we had to endure to watch the performance. I understand there is no air conditioning or ventilation system in the auditorium. Apparently there is an air return but where the air was returned to is suspect as there wasn't even a hint of moving air in that room. I sat for three hours in my own sweat and that of those around me. At least 50 percent of the audience left the building during the intermission and never returned. I was told that conditions that night were much better than at the performance in that auditorium in July. I'm not sorry I missed that one.

When the issue, to build a new school was presented to the voters, the supporters played heavily on the fact that there would be a new auditorium for community events. Many voters, who did not have children in school, supported the issue based on the inclusion of the auditorium. I doubt the issue would have passed without that support. The school board then did their number crunches and removed the air system.

I think the present board should correct the mistakes, or deviousness, of the previous board and install some temperature control in the auditorium.

Pat Curtis

Hidden Hot Spring

Dear Editor,

What has happened to our famous Hot Spring, home of the healing water?

This has been the topic of discussion among many in our community. The first question asked by all the tourists who enter the Chamber of Commerce buildings is, "Where is the Hot Spring?"

All that is visible are the little hot pools plus a manmade mound spouting the hot mineral water. The famous hot spring is hidden behind the motel units of the Spring Inn. There are no identification markers designating its location. Has the town lost its identity?

We were always so proud to say we lived in Pagosa Springs, "the home of the healing water."

I am amazed at all the advertisement featuring the man made mound or the "hot spring." Isn't this a misnomer?

The spring has also lost its designation as a state historical site. What has happened to our "town fathers?" Wasn't the hot spring and its healthful benefits one of the first and main sources of our economy.

Nancy Giordano

Crisis culprit

Dear Editor,

I would like to respond to the letter submitted by Gene Takach (Pagosa Sun, 9/6/01). In his letter Mr. Takach insinuates that California's "tree hugging" refusal to develop new energy sources is responsible for California's energy crisis.

A recent study issued by the Cato Institute (a respected and conservative Washington, D.C. "think tank") says otherwise. The report blames a combination of ill-timed events, not environmentalists, for the crisis. High natural gas prices, rapid population growth in the West, drought in the Pacific Northwest, and a hot summer followed by a cold winter were primary factors. An oversupply of power in the '80s, not environmentalists, made power plants uneconomical to build and unattractive as investments in the '90s. The report says that the shortages would have occurred regardless of what action was taken by government.

Sounds like capitalism at work to me. Come to think of it, Mr. Takach's emotional rhetoric provides as good a reason as any to revive the two party system in Archuleta County.

Gary Hopkins

Big picture

Dear Editor,

In response to Jim Sawicki's letter in the SUN (9-13-01) complaining about the use of tax dollars to repave the runway at Steven's Field:

Hypothetical situation No. 1 - a small plane is landing at Steven's Field, hits a pothole in a neglected runway, careens out of control, and crashes into, say, your living room, Mr. Sawicki. Not a pretty sight.

Hypothetical situation No. 2 - We have a major fire, terrorist attack, or chemical spill. Our own fire, rescue, law enforcement and investigative personnel are stretched too thin. Reinforcements have to fly in elsewhere and then arrange for motor transportation to Pagosa, taking so long that houses, including yours, Mr. Sawicki, burn in the meantime, or that a number of other catastrophes take place.

Hypothetical situation No. 3 - You've just been informed that your daughter, who lives in another area, has suffered a severe brain injury (see article on brain injuries, also 9-13-01 SUN, section one, page 15). Doctors have told you need to be there ASAP if you want to see your daughter alive. But, bummer, Mr. Sawicki, the town where your daughter has been hospitalized doesn't have a well-maintained airport. You have to fly in elsewhere and rent a car, wasting precious hours.

Mr. Sawicki, you and I may never set foot on the tarmac at Steven's field. No matter, we all, and not just the "privileged" with their "toys" benefit from having it. Sir, my "hard-earned tax dollars" subsidize the beef and dairy industries. As a vegetarian, I resent that. My tax dollars subsidize the FDA. 'Nuff said there.

My tax dollars fund all kinds of government programs and shenanigans I wish they didn't. Look at the big picture and quit sniveling about the small stuff, Mr. S.

Maggie Valentine Innskeep

Explaining the law

Dear Editor,

After a few weeks absence from "God's Country," I recently returned and started catching up with my back issues of the Pagosa SUN. To my dismay, I noticed that our two favorite county commissioners have not grown any wiser.

They still do not know the meaning of "Conflict of Interest." Commissioner Ecker is quoted talking about his property on Bastille Drive and how the present Continuous Use Permit (CUP) interferes with his business plan to development the property. Yet he continues to discuss with the BOCC about changing the CUP to better meet his business needs. Does he also plan to vote on the changes?

Commissioner Crabtree appears to think that a brother-in-law is not family, because his last name is not Crabtree; and so he continues to discuss and wants to vote on the Valle Seco Road issue. Both of them seem to desire a fight with the Town of Pagosa over taxes when cooperation is necessary and simple to accomplish. Perhaps they just can't work with a competent and efficient organization?

(By the way - perpetuity means forever).

I have the highest regards for County Attorney Mary Weiss; but I also have much sympathy for her in having to explain to these two the law, how you follow it and why you must follow it. This must be a monumental task. Hopefully the Democrats and Republicans can come up with viable candidates with 21st century thinking - or any thinking at all will do.

Sincerely,

Jim Knoll

So-called wolves

Dear Editor,

It is a blessing to read that other persons are concerned about the nuisance in our neighborhood provided by a facility that harbors so-called "wolves."

M. Christie (Aug. 24) wrote to you stating that she feels sorry for these folks (us) that have to listen to the persistent barking and howling of these dogs. She states that she is also awakened every night by the barking dogs.

We know what it is to be awakened four of five times every night by the constant howling.

M. Christie also mentions the junk pickup truck on the premises.

If people think that the owners' trash dump is a wolf refuge they should think again; their surroundings are more an unsightly junkyard than a healthy environment for these animals.

For M. Christie and others' information, the owners are under court order to vacate their premises by January 2002, and we hope that they will obey the judge's order as recently we observed what appeared to be new cages being brought in to the premises.

Several reputable agencies have made exhaustive studies about these animals, most all agree that at best these hybrids are a nuisance and dangerous animals.

Ed Frawley of Leerburg Kennels states that these dogs are "Kid Killers," as every year several people and children are either killed or badly bitten by these dogs. The Canadian Federation of Humane Societies opposes the keeping of these animals. Several states have passed legislation either banning or restricting the keeping or ownership of these hybrids.

We in our neighborhood will be happy to see the owners relocate as then we will be able to get a complete night's rest.

Maybe those uninformed individuals that innocently donate their time and monies to the owners' pockets will open their arms and welcome them into their neighborhoods, I remember one individual stating that the barking and howling was music to his ears; now is his opportunity to welcome the owners into his home.

Ruben Luna

Board openings

Dear Editor,

With reference to the unfilled PLPOA board position:

The application we have is from Fred Ebeling and Fred has served honorably on this board and has been a wealth of information since I have been on the board and I know to everybody before that.

But, it should be embarrassing to the PLPOA Community that only one person steps forward to serve on this board when the power and authority of this board is such as to effect several thousands of people living in our community and whether we agree on issues or not, it upset me that people will not step forward to serve.

We are reopening the process and I hope that some of the strong people in our community will step forward to serve.

Richard Manley,

President, Pagosa Lakes

Property Owners Association

Love for family

Dear Editor,

With all that has happened this week, we know our hearts and minds are turned to the East. But we wanted to say a thank you to the people of Pagosa.

Jaxon is still in Craig Hospital, and may be for some time. He has a great deal of pain that inhibits his rehab. But, this will someday improve. In the last four months, prayers, letters, and cards have come to us letting us know how much our son and our family is loved. The consistent flow of money enabled us to stop working and be with our boy. Sometimes it was a thousand dollar check, sometimes it was a five dollar bill. It didn't matter. They were love letters to us. All of the cards and letters are on the walls of his room. The flowers were wonderful. He loves flowers! Once when he was alert I read him all the cards he had. He cried. I asked him "Didn't you know these people love you?" He said, "Yes. I just didn't know how much." Please, tell someone today how much you really love them.

Scott, Valarie, and the Quick kids

America's response

Dear Editor,

How does America respond to its recent 21st century Pearl Harbor? Is it now time to be pacifists and shrink from this country's responsibilities to defend freedom? I doubt it: America has far greater character.

The United States will have to enter into the lion's den and show them to always beware of a people weeping who bear the "iron hand." In the names of the living and the dead, we can do no less.

Any rogue nation which shelters terrorists must be held accountable and is the recipient of a strong message so they will never try it again; not against us or anyone else. America is now at war. The events of 9-11 are not the end; they are just the beginning. If we do not get to the root of the problem with finality, it will only be a million times more tragic in the future.

This is a struggle of civilization against barbarism. It will be a long, difficult trek and many will perish, but freedom has never been free. No man is worth his salt who is not ready at all times to risk his well-being, to risk his body, to risk his life in a great cause.

This was an assault against all of humanity. It is time for civilized man to go to the offensive. The security of our families has been attacked. It is time to go in "Harm's Way." It is our moral obligation. As Abraham Lincoln once said, "Might makes right."

America does not spend its children in acts of revenge. The response to the profound act of war committed on 9-11 will rise up from this great nation's heroes; they will prevail, but it will be mean, dirty and nasty.

I salute you proudly and wish every member of all branches of our Armed Services - God Speed.

Jim Sawicki

Tears for New York

Dear Editor,

Like other Pagosans, I am mourning - mourning the loss of life, the loss of innocence of our children, the loss of a sense of security in this great nation.

A few of us here in Pagosa are also mourning the loss of part of our inner being because at one point in our lives, New York City was our home. Before moving to Pagosa 8 years ago, I lived and worked in New York City for 20 years, seven of those years working within five blocks of the World Trade Center, where each day I would look up in awe at those magnificent towers. During the other 13 years I lived in upper Manhattan, but often took the subway to the World Trade Center, whether it be for business reasons or to eat at Windows on the World.

Since the tragedy I have spoken to several other transplanted New Yorkers who now live here. While sharing stories of the wonders of "the City," amidst the tears we have found solace. Christmas in NYC is like no other place in the world at that time - Rockefeller Center, Park Avenue, Fifth Avenue all light up; Saks Fifth Avenue, FAO Schwartz, Macys, all with amazing windows for children to enjoy. The New York City Marathon is like no other race - 500,000 people cheering on 25,000 runners, no matter what the weather. Central Park is like no other park - where thousands of people come together to celebrate the free Philharmonic Concerts, accompanied by incredible fireworks; or to mourn, whether it is for a celebrity (several hundred thousand people attended the memorial in Central Park for John Lennon), or for the "everyday Joes" who call NYC their home (over one million people are expected at the memorial service in Central Park for those firemen, police and EMTs who lost their lives on Sept. 11).

I am inviting all of you who have a special place in your heart for New York City to gather together for a celebration of the wonders of this wonderful city. We will share stories, pictures, whatever to help bring back those wonderful memories we cherish. (Where were you during the '70s blackout? I was partying with thousands of other New Yorkers with flashlights in hand on the streets of New York). Anyone interested in a get-together, please call me at 731-9197. Time and place will be set once I know the level of interest.

Jenny Schoenborn

Local politics

Dear Editor,

On behalf of the Archuleta County Democratic Party, I would like to express our local party's deepest condolences to our neighbors whose lives have been touched by this national tragedy.

Clearly this is a time where all of us are reminded that our petty differences are far less important than the values we share, whether Democrat, Republican, independent or otherwise.

One of those values should, I believe, be a willingness to pitch in and take part in our democracy at the level of local politics, to help define the subject and tone of our national dialogue. In that spirit, our local party will be hosting a gathering Sunday from 2 to 5 p.m. at the Vista Clubhouse.

In addition to world-class music from the Pagosa Hot Strings, there will be an opportunity to meet State Sen. Jim Isgar, whose deep roots in this region, especially in the ranching and farming community, make him an exciting new leader in our party and for Colorado.

Also present will be Tom Strickland, who recently announced his candidacy for the U.S. Senate. This will be a chance to meet these leaders personally, shake hands, and let them know about your concerns.

Please come and help us keep democracy alive and thriving in Archuleta County.

Burke Stancill, chairman

Archuleta County Democratic Party


Sports Page

September 20, 2001

Soccer Pirates scuttle mixed-squad Piedra Vista

By Richard Walter

Farmington's Piedra Vista High School brought a mixed bag of soccer players to Pagosa Springs Tuesday and found a swarming team of Pirates ready to tie the bag shut and toss it overboard.

Fielding three juniors, six sophomores, six freshmen and a pair of eighth graders, Piedra Vista was no match for the Pirates who coasted to a 5-1 victory, their fourth of the season without a defeat.

Early on it appeared Pagosa's vaunted offense was flat or that Piedra Vista's freshman keeper Zach Peterson had eyes and hands everywhere. Within the first minute he had stops on Kevin Muirhead, Benjamin Raab and Zeb Gill.

In the seventh minute Jordan Kurt-Mason turned in the first of many great Pagosa defensive plays when he dived to block a PV shot attempt from the left wing after Pirate freshman keeper Caleb Forrest, making his first varsity appearance, fell after coming far out of net and could not get back in the crease.

It was to be his only mistake until there were just 16 seconds left in the contest.

In the meantime, the Sanders brothers took offense at Pagosa's lack of offense and put the Pirates on the board in the 11th minute. Trent took a crossing lead from Levi Gill and fed it downfield to his streaking brother Kyle. The result was a Pagosa goal and a 1-0 lead which would never be relinquished.

Ten minutes later Kyle scored again on a back kick lead from Ty Scott to hike the Pirate lead to 2-0 while the home defense was clamping a tight cover on Piedra Vista attackers, keeping them from any effective drives. Only twice was Forrest called on for saves in the first 20 minutes.

And the Pirate offense came to life with drive after drive resulting in scoring chances but with Peterson playing expertly in the nets as the half ended.

Just over three minutes into the second half, it was Zeb Gill's turn to light up the scoreboard, ripping in a left-footer on another perfect lead pass from Trent Sanders. The Pirates got penalty kicks by Kurt-Mason at 9 and 10 minutes into the period but one went over the nets and the other wide right.

Exhibiting a new version of the Tys that bind, the home team hiked the lead to 4-0 in the 53rd minute when Ty Scott ripped in a drop lead from Ty Peterson. And, in the 77th minute, Kurt-Mason fired in the final goal for Pagosa from 30 yards out on a backdrop from Zeb Gill.

There was still one moment to remember in the game. The freshman Forrest still had a shutout going for Pagosa as the clock wound down.

With 16 seconds left in the game, Piedra Vista avoided the whitewash when left winger Ryan Lostack skirted a Pirate defender who had slipped to the ground and raced in from the 18-yard line on an angle to his right. Forrest advanced to cut down angle to the net, but Lostack's drive to the front right corner went in for a final score of 5-1 in favor of the homestanding Pirates.

They will take their 4-0 record on the road this week, facing perennial power Telluride on the Miner's home field at 3 p.m. Friday and then traveling northeast to meet Crested Butte at 1 p.m. Saturday.

Summary

First half: PS-Kyle Sanders, assist Trent Sanders, 11th minute; PS-Kyle Sanders, assist Ty Scott, 21st minute; Second half: PS-Zeb Gill, assist Trent Sanders, 47th minute; PS-Ty Scott, assist Ty Peterson, 53rd minute; PS-Kurt-Mason, assist Zeb Gill, 77th minute; PV, Lostack unassisted, 80th minute. Shots on goal: PS, 19; PV,9. Saves: PS-Forrest, 7; PV-Peterson, 13; Penalty kicks, PS-2.

Kickers defense give Pirate scorers an open field

By Richard Walter

With a seemingly unending array of offensive threats, often a different group every game, the Pagosa Springs Pirates boys soccer team has foes beginning to take notice.

The Pirates rolled to their third consecutive victory on a sun-drenched field in Ridgway Saturday, getting goals along the way from Levi Gill and his older brother Zeb, one of the spectacular variety from Michael Dach and two more from team leader Kyle Sanders.

Couple that attack with a defense which allowed Ridgway only one shot on goal in the entire game, and you have all the basic ingredients of a 5-0 Pagosa victory.

There were, obviously, other essential elements of the game - brisk, accurate passing in the first half, depth never before enjoyed by a Pirate squad, and a take-command attitude right from the opening kick.

Early scoring efforts by Brent Sanders, Brian Hart and Benjamin Raab were turned aside by Ridgway keeper Devon McMurrin and drives by Kyle Sanders and Kevin Muirhead went wide.

But in the 21st minute the latter two teamed up for Pagosa's first goal, Sanders scoring from the left middle on a perfect lead from Muirhead.

Three minutes later came the Michael Dach goal.

From 40 yards straight up the middle, his seeing-eye drive off a centering pass from Jordan Kurt-Mason never went more than two feet off the ground, somehow missed all the defenders, and ripped untouched into the right rear corner of the net to hike the Pagosa lead to 2-0.

The Pirates drew an official warning at this point for excessive celebration but were not carded, referees said, because the infraction had not been covered in the pregame captains' meeting.

Kyle Sanders had a part in the third Pirate goal, too, capturing a rebound of his own shot and dropping a cross to Levi Gill who ripped it into the net.

Another offensive face got into the mix as the half wore down. Ty Scott had a breakaway on the right wing but was stopped by McMurrin. Scott got his own rebound and was stopped again as the whistle ended the first half.

The only black mark for the Pirates in the half was an ankle injury to Henrique Dias in a scrum at midfield. He did not reenter the game, but despite the evident swelling said he was in no great pain.

Coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason pulled starting keeper Matt Mesker for the second half and played him in a striker position where he had three shots on goal but did not score.

The Pirates opened the second half with an offensive barrage but McMullin was up to the challenge, first turning back a corner kick right on goal by B.J. Jones, stopping a shot by Raab, and watching as a header by Muirhead sailed just over the net.

Kyle Sanders put the Pirates up 4-0 in the 46th minute when his drive from the left crossed the goal mouth and, as if that was not good enough, was carried into the back of the net by a defender trying to stop the effort.

In the 64th minute of the game, Ridgway got its first - and only - shot on goal in the game, a drive easily stopped by Soniat.

Just two minutes later, Zeb Gill closed out the scoring unassisted on a header from the middle and the final 5-0 score was on the boards.

Kyle Sanders was denied the hat trick when his blast in the 72nd minute was tipped up and over the net on an outstanding move by McMurrin, his finest effort on day when turned aside 14 Pirate shots.

Summary

First half - PS-Kyle Sanders, assist by Kevin Muirhead, 21st minute; PS Michael Dach, assist by Jordan Kurt-Mason, 24th minute; PS-Levi Gill, assist K. Sanders, 32nd minute; PS-K. Sanders, unassisted, 46th minute; PS-Zeb Gill, header, unassisted, 66th minute. Shots on goal: PS-19; R-1; Saves, PS-Mesker-0, Soniat-1; R-McMurrin-14; Warning: PS-excessive celebration.

Pirates whitewash Bayfield with team performance

By Richard Walter

Field leadership from a senior, key tactical decisions by a pair of junior veterans, three goals from newcomers and a shutout performance by your goal keeper.

What more could a coach want?

Not much, according to Pagosa Springs Pirates' soccer coach Lindsey Kurt-Mason after watching his squad go 2-0 on the season with a 6-0 whitewashing of the arch-enemy Bayfield Wolverines Thursday at Golden Peaks Stadium.

Senior leadership came from veteran Trent Sanders who seemed to be everywhere on the field - tackling, intercepting, inbounding, leading.

The latter, said Kurt-Mason, was what he's been looking for, a field general not afraid to attack and not afraid to let his teammates know what he expects of them. If leadership by example was the goal, it is exactly what Kurt-Mason got.

But Trent wasn't alone. Veterans Jordan Kurt-Mason and Zeb Gill each had outstanding games, controlling the ball, setting offensive moves and keying situational defense.

Still, there was more to the Pirate team performance. Brazilian exchange student Henrique Diaz opened the Pirate scoring in the game's fifth minute, drilling a 30-yarder on a drop lead from Kyle Sanders and the Pirates were off and running.

A minute and 37 seconds later, Pirate keeper Matt Mesker made the first of his seven saves in the game and the shutout was underway.

In the 21st minute, Kyle Sanders hiked the lead to 2-0 scoring from his left wing position on a picture-perfect drop pass from Zeb Gill.

The second foreign exchange student debuting for the Pirates, Benjamin Raab of Germany, ripped in the first of his two game goals with an unassisted double reverse move that left him wide open in front of the net for a booming drive out of the reach of Wolverine keeper Daniel Rohde.

Just 45 seconds later, Raab attacked again, taking a Kurt-Mason reverse drop for a drive that skittered wide right. But he wasn't done. After Bayfield's Nick Potter drew a yellow card for roughing, Raab went back to work, picking up a crossing lead from Kyle Sanders and drilling it into the nets for a 4-0 Pagosa halftime lead.

The second half was a defensive standoff, with both Mesker and Rohde sharp in net.

Pagosa's Ty Scott broke that up in the 65th minute, scoring unassisted from far to Rohde's right, a drive into the front right corner of the net and Pagosa's lead was up to 5-0.

In the 77th minute, Zeb Gill capture a loose ball just outside the 18-yard line, took one step right, one left and drilled the final score of the game, one Rohde apparently never saw and the score climbed to 6-0.

With 40 seconds left on the clock, Kurt-Mason had a right side breakaway, deking two defenders out of position and closing quickly on Rohde. A left-foot fake followed by a cannon-shot drive with the right didn't get past Rohde, however, and the game ended with the Pirates still undefeated.

Bayfield's best chance to score came on a left wing breakaway after a mishandled midfield drop just before the half. Out of nowhere came Levi Gill and B.J. Jones to stop the attacker and steal the ball and the threat was gone.

After the game coach Kurt-Mason stood off to the side, a sly smile on his face, as Trent Sanders led his team's post-game critique and warned teammates to stay focused for Saturday's contest in Ridgway.

In a preliminary game, Pagosa's junior varsity blanked Bayfield 2-0 with Josh Soniat in goal for the Pirates.

Summary

First half - PS-Diaz, assist K. Sanders, fifth minute; PS-K. Sanders, assist Z. Gill, 20th minute; PS-Raab, unassisted, 36th minute; PS-Raab, assist K. Sanders, 40th minute. Second half - PS, Ty Scott, unassisted, 65th minute; PS, Z. Gill, unassisted, 78th minute. Shots on goal, PS-14; B-7; Saves: PS-Mesker, 7 (11 stops); B-Rohde, 8 (6 stops).

Coggins breaks 90 barrier; golf regionals today

By Richard Walter

Dan Coggins, a sophomore making only his third varsity appearance, broke the 90 mark for the first time Saturday in the Montrose Invitational.

Unfortunately for the Pagosa Springs Pirates' golf squad, that was the high point of the day as the team continued a late season slump and finished 12th in a 14-team field.

"We're just not where we would like to be heading into regional competition," said coach Kathy Carter.

Aside from Coggins, Luke Boilini had trouble on two holes early "and seemed to lose concentration after that," Carter said. As a result, his score ballooned to 93.

The other regular low-shooter for the team, Garrett Forrest, also had trouble and carded a 90. Ty Faber joined in with a 91. The low score for the day, was a brilliant 66 fired by a competitor from Rifle.

Carter said she's not sure what to expect at today's regionals, which have been changed from the scheduled Alamosa course to the Holly Dot layout in Colorado City. "We've been playing mostly Western Slope teams this year," she said, "and they will not be in our regional."

"I expect the major competition at Holly Dot will probably come from the four Pueblo high schools in our classification," she said. "They're always strong."

Noting Boilini is the only member of the team who has seen the Holly Dot course (he qualified for state playoff competition on that course last year), she said she is trying to impress on the other team members the fact it is a competitive course, but one which can be played to advantage.

"Play smart, keep out of trouble and go for the safe shot, is the way to beat this layout," she said.

"Penalty strokes have been our downfall lately," she said. "We haven't been getting on the greens in regulation and greens have been fast in each of the last two tournaments."

Carter said the squad was concentrating this week on overcoming the tendency to "try to drive beyond our range off the tee and then having to come back from the rough or take a penalty stroke because the drives were out of play."

The squad was scheduled to play a practice round on the Holly Dot course Wednesday and then tee off in their quest for a trip to state sometime this morning.

On the regional squad are Boilini, Forrest, Faber and Jesse Trujillo.

Carter said she knows what she'd like to see today, but is not sure what to expect. After all, she said, "Luke is the only seasoned player on the team. I have two sophomores getting their baptism in fire this year and a junior (Trujillo) who only took up the game seriously about a year ago."

"Maturity, both physically and mentally - and it is a mental game where you often are your own worst enemy- will play a role not only today, but next season, too," Carter said. "Give these kids another year or two and they will be tough to beat. I'm hoping that maturity kicks in today."

Pirate golfers record 'disappointment' at Gunnison

By Richard Walter

"We did not play well at all. I'm not sure why. There are no logical excuses, but sometimes the body just won't do what you want it to do."

That was coach Kathy Carter's reaction to her Pagosa Springs High School golf team's performance Thursday in the Gunnison Invitational.

Her squad, led by Luke Boilini's 85 and Garret Forrest's 86, had just posted a 263 team total to finish well back in the pack.

Ty Faber shot a 99 "and was totally frustrated by his inconsistency," said Carter. But she was encouraged by the performance of Dan Coggins, playing in place of Jesse Trujillo, who carded a 92 on the par 72 course in only his second varsity competition.

"I wasn't disgusted by their performance," Carter said, "just disappointed. We just didn't seem to be into the challenge."

"Part of it may be our consistent traveling to play and part might be attributable to the national tragedy and reaction to it."

Carter held the squad out of the Canon City Invitational where it had been scheduled to play Monday and worked players Monday and Tuesday on correcting errors in their game and working on the areas in which they've been struggling.

Gymnasts score well in Grand Junction tournament

By Richard Walter

Pagosa's level 4 gymnastics team brought home a sixth-place team trophy from the Red, White and Blue Invitation in Grand Junction last weekend.

Competing were Re'Ahna Ray, Denise Bauer, Kelsi Lucero, Casey Crow, Jessica Blum and Sienna Stretton.

Pagosa's gymnasts performed beautifully in their first competition of the season and the first year of competition for Crow, Blum and Bauer. Ray, Lucero and Stretton are seasoned second-year competitors and showed much improvement over last year.

All show promise and are pointing for championship competition in November.

Shelby Stretton and Raesha Ray competed on the Level 6 team and received 4th and 7th place all-around medals respectively.

Pagosa's next competition will be Sept. 28 and 29 in Aspen.

Pirate gridders bow 7-14 to Piedra Vista

By John M. Motter

Pagosa led Piedra Vista 14-13 at halftime last Friday, then succumbed to the bigger Panthers 27- 14 in the Pirate's third preseason game. With the loss, the Pirates slip to one win, two losses for the young season.

Coach Myron Stretton is less than happy, despite the Pirate effort.

"We had a chance to win that game," Stretton said. "They made a lot of mistakes. We did, too. If we hadn't made so many mistakes ourselves, we could have beaten them. Neither Kirtland nor Piedra Vista are as good as they were last year."

Stretton is never happy with less than a win.

The Panthers took an early lead by putting together a 13-play drive after receiving the opening kickoff that took 6:14 off of the game clock. With the extra point kick good, Piedra Vista led 7-0.

Up to that point in the game, the main display of Pirate mettle had been a goal line stand forcing Piedra Vista to use four downs in order to score from the nine-yard-line.

After receiving the Piedra Vista kickoff, Pagosa threatened to knot the score by reeling off two first downs. Punctuating the drive was a reverse by junior Jason Schutz which picked up 17 yards, moving the ball to the Pirate 46-yard line. Runs by Caleb Melette and Ron Janowsky gave Pagosa another first down on the Panther 28-yard line. Four plays later, Darin Lister's 47-yard field goal attempt had enough distance, but scooted wide left.

Pagosa ended the next Panther drive when Brandon Rosgen covered a fumble on the Piedra Vista 15-yard line. After forcing a Pirate punt, Piedra Vista moved to the Pagosa 23-yard line. At that point, Schutz put Pagosa on the scoreboard by scooping up a Panther fumble and sprinting 77 yards down the left side line and into the end zone. Lister kicked the extra point tying the score at 7-7 with 5:36 remaining in the half.

The fired up Pirates weren't finished as yet another Panther mistake opened the door one more time. Schutz recovered a Piedra Vista fumble on the Piedra Vista 49-yard line. Powered into scoring position by a Melette run, a Janowsky to Schutz pass, and an 18-yard run by Rosgen, Janowsky passed to Lister on a 12-yard scoring play. Lister's extra-point kick was good and Pagosa enjoyed a 14-7 lead with just over three minutes left in the half.

Undaunted, the Panthers used the rest of the half to cross the goal line one more time. With just 20 seconds remaining in the half, Piedra Vista quarterback Joel Wood passed 13 yards to Eric Barnett for a score. The extra point try failed. Pagosa adjourned to the locker room for Gatorade at halftime with a 14-13 lead.

After a scoreless third stanza, Piedra Vista scored twice in the final period to earn the 27-14 victory.

Pagosa was handicapped during the second half when Melette sat on the bench because of a possible concussion. The Pirates had already started the game without starting running back Brandon Charles. Charles had suffered a concussion the previous week when Pagosa played Kirtland.

Other than Charles and Melette, Pagosa heads into their game at Bloomfield tomorrow night without serious injuries. In fact, Stretton should gain when Ryan Wendt comes off of the injured list and Cord Ross and Michael Vega suit up for the first time this season.

Wendt is a running back, receiver who can also add to the defensive back depth chart. Wendt suffered a finger injury before the season started.

Vega plays in the offensive and defensive line and was an all-Intermountain League selection last season. Ross has played at defensive end and at running back, but has shattered a knee each of the past two seasons.

The addition of the three players will help Stretton in his quest for enough players to give the starters a rest.

"They are getting tired," Stretton said.

Pagosa's opponents the past two weeks have outweighed them significantly in the line and fielded more depth as well. That won't be true of the Bloomfield Bobcats, according to Stretton. The Bobcats have beaten Cortez and Bayfield, both familiar to Pagosa Springs, and are unbeaten this season. Still, Stretton describes them as, "our size, our kind of team."

Pagosa defeated Bloomfield 35-19 last season.

Stretton has been working with Ben Marshall, Ethan Sanford, Andrew Knaggs, Brandon Samples, Cliff Hockett, Pablo Martinez and Lawren Lopez in the offensive and defensive lines.

Filling linebacker slots are Pablo Martinez, Brandon Rosgen, Andrew Naggs, Ben Marshall, Clayton Martin, and Brandon Samples.

Running backs include Caleb Melette, Brandon Charles, Cory Ross, Darin Lister, Brandon Rosgen, and Ryan Wendt.

Offensive ends include Darin Lister, Jason Schutz, Ross Wagle, and Aaron Hamilton.

Defensive backs include Brandon Charles, Darin Lister, Ross Wagle, Ryan Wendt, Jared Kinkead, Jeremy Caler, and David Richter.

Among defensive ends are Jason Schutz, Caleb Melette, Cord Ross, and Aaron Hamilton.

At quarterback is Ronnie Janowsky backed up by David Kern. Both quarterbacks also play in the defensive backfield.

"The Bloomfield game will be a good opportunity for more guys to get playing time," Stretton said. "We haven't found exactly the right combination yet."

Summary

Pagosa Springs vs. Piedra Vista summary

Piedra Vista 7 6 0 14 27

Pagosa Springs 0 14 0 0 14

PV: Barnett 3 run, (Solga kick good). PS: Schutz 77 fumble return, (Lister kick). PS: Janowsky 12 pass Lister, (Lister kick). PV: Wood 12 pass Barnett, (59 kick failed). PV: Barnett 19 run, (Wood run). PV: Barnett 16 run, (pass fail).

Ladies open IML with shaky win over Monte

By Karl Isberg

The Intermountain league volleyball schedule was set to begin for the Lady Pirates this week, with three matches on tap.

A match at Bayfield Friday night was postponed, so league action began at Monte Vista Saturday.

While the Lady Pirates emerged the victors, a relatively inexperienced Monte six took Pagosa to the limit, stretching the match to three games.

Monte was not expected to provide much competition for the Lady Pirates. Pagosa has not lost a league match since mid-1995 and Monte has struggled to win league matches the last few seasons. With most of last year's team moving on via graduation, the team from the San Luis Valley was figured to once again be fighting to stay out of the league basement.

The first game of the match appeared to confirm the predictions. The Lady Pirates came out playing well and dominated their ineffective hosts, winning 15-4.

A sudden turnaround, however, put the Lady Pirates down 9-1 in the second game. Volleyball is a game of quick momentum changes, but this change was more than Lady Pirate coach Penné Hamilton was willing to tolerate.

"The girls came out strong in the first game," said Hamilton, "but when the second game began, I could see the level of intensity drop suddenly."

With her starters faltering, Hamilton saw that only two players - Katie Lancing and Katie Bliss - were playing steady, and the coach began to make wholesale substitutions. Senior Jenny Printz came through with solid play and most of the swing players on the bench, including freshman Courtney Steen got time on the court. The Ladies pulled back to within two points before losing the game 9-15.

With her starters back in the fray for the third game, Hamilton saw significant improvement in the level of play. The Ladies performed as expected, overwhelming Monte Vista to win the game 15-2 and to notch that all-important first IML victory.

"Our subs did well in the second game," said Hamilton. "Before the third game we had a talk and our starters were ready; they took total control in the third game and we got the win."

With a mark in the W column, the Ladies were set to meet perennial IML foe Centauri - also bearing an opening victory in IML competition -at Pagosa, Tuesday night

Summary

Pagosa Springs def Monte Vista 15-4, 9-15, 15-2

Kills: Gronewoller 7, Buckley 6. Assists: Lancing 13, L. Walkup 6. Digs: Buckley 5, Bliss 3, Printz 3. Aces: Lancing 4, S. Walkup 3, Gronewoller 3.

Sickness, injury slow cross country team's efforts

By Tess Noel Baker

A flu bug and injuries sidelined six Pirates cross country runners Saturday for the Shiprock Invitational, leaving a team of two boys and four girls to take on the competition.

Senior Tiffany Thompson was the top girls runner, finishing 27th in 23:12. She was followed by junior Amanda McCain, crossing the line 44th with a time of 23:59, and senior Joetta Martinez, who finished 61st in 25:09. Sophomore Lauren Caves, who gave great effort to finish the race is now also out with sickness, Anderson said. Around 110 runners competed in each of the varsity levels.

On the boys side, senior Trevor Peterson finished in 19:27 to claim 30th. Junior Jesse Powe also represented the Pirates, grabbing a 23:59 time in his first-ever cross country competition.

Head Coach Scott Anderson had praise for all six runners, but said better things were to be expected in the coming weeks.

"Injuries and now the dreaded flu bug seem to be haunting us," he said. "I expect that to pass in the next week or so and then we should continue to improve throughout the year."

Those on the injured list included: Todd Mees, Aubrey Volger, Marlena Lungstrum, and Ryan Beavers. Sickness claimed Nick Hall, and Tiffany Noggle was sidelined because of sickness and an injury.

"I'm looking forward to getting some people back healthy," Anderson said.

The team travels to Ridgway for the Ramble on the Reservoir Friday where Anderson said the runners will have an opportunity to compete against teams from within the Pirates' own league. Middle School races begin at 4 p.m.

National tragedy puts brakes on women's golf finale

By Sally Bish

The ladies game for Sept. 11 was Low Putts, but with the tragedy that took place that day, no one had her mind on golf and during play it was decided to discontinue after nine holes.

There was a tie for first place between Bonnie Hoover and Dottie Eichvalds, each with 13 putts. Maxine Pechin and Loretta Campuzano tied for second at 14 putts each and there was a three-way tie for third with Sue Martin, Julie Pressley and Katy Threet at 15 putts.

A final meeting was held following a luncheon at TLC Bed and Breakfast. Awards were given to Sue Martin, Barbara Boggess and Susan Dennis for holes in one and Marty Capling received the "Most Improved" award. There was a five-way tie for most chip-ins. Kathy Giordano, Carrie Weisz, Audrey Johnson, Sue Martin and Marilyn Smart each had two. The latter golfer also led with most birdies for the season, seven.

A correction should be made regarding the Club Championship which was played Aug. 28 and 29. It was reported that Nancy Chitwood won first low net in the First Flight. Nancy won first low gross. Audrey Johnson won first low net. Sincere apologies to Audrey and we beg forgiveness.

Our 2001 golf season is drawing to a close. We have had a great year with lots of excitement, such as four holes in one in our two-day Pine Cone Classic Tournament. We would like to thank our board members for all their time and effort in making this a year to remember. They are Carrie Weisz, president; Barbara Boggess, vice president; Susan Dennis, secretary; Audrey Johnson, Treasurer; Mary Jo Smith, hospitality; Susan Martin, handicap chairman; and Sally Bish, historian and publicity.

Barbara Boggess and Susan Dennis will be leaving the board this year. Replacing them next year will be Marilyn Smart as vice president and Lee Wilson as secretary.

We also thank all the employees at Pagosa Springs Golf Club who helped with our play days and tournaments this year.

Lady Pirates beat Centauri in 'Circus of Mistakes'

By Karl Isberg

It began as the Serve Error Follies and ended as the Circus of Mistakes, but the Lady Pirate volleyball match with Centauri resulted in another IML victory for Pagosa (3-1 overall) , and that is all that counts with this team at this point of the season.

Pagosa had a three-game match with Monte Vista Saturday and that win was colored by a collapse of focus in the second game. Against Centauri - a better team than Monte - the trend continued and the visitors from the Valley came close to upsetting the Ladies on their home court.

Pagosa owned the first game. The Lady Pirates were clearly in control, going ahead 5-2 with Katie Lancing and Nicole Buckley hitting the ball well. Then, the serve-error virus bit, and it hung on all night. Time and time again the Ladies turned the ball over to their opponent with poor serves. Fortunately, the Falcons were attacked by the same bug and Pagosa surged ahead. Excellent blocking by Lancing, Ashley Gronewoller and Katie Bliss shut down a Centauri team with less height than in recent years, and Pagosa led 13-4.

Centauri managed two points before Shannon Walkup hit an ace and Buckley killed a left-handed shot down the line to seal the 15-6 win.

Several bright spots shone in the first game: Shannon Walkup had one very effective kill from the outside. Lancing and Gronewoller were beginning to coordinate what could be a devastating quick-set combination.

Everything seemed on track, but it soon became apparent Pagosa's intensity was not going to be maintained in the second game. Instead, the mistakes increased and Centauri was quickly back in the hunt.

One error after another surrendered points to the Falcons in the second game of the match. After the Ladies built a 5-1 lead, serve errors, serve-receive mistakes and hitting errors handed over enough points to give the visitors an 11-7 advantage.

Coach Penné Hamilton began substituting players, bringing in Emily Finney, Trisha Lucero, and Jenny Printz in an attempt to stem the tide. Centauri continued to capitalize on Pagosa miscues and went on to the 15-9 victory with but one earned point.

There was no shaking the tendency in the third game: Pagosa continued to surrender opportunities to the visitors and the teams remained close through the first two-thirds of the game. The Lady Pirates led 6-4, largely on the strength of great serves by Gronewoller then made a move, getting points with a stuff block, a well-placed shot by Shannon Walkup and a kill by Lancing. A tandem block by Gronewoller and Lancing gave the Ladies an 11-4 lead.

Centauri closed Pagosa's advantage to 11-10, getting all six points courtesy of Lady Pirate hitting and passing errors.

Katie Bliss stopped the bleeding when she swung to the outside and put a kill to the floor. Then, it was the Falcons turn to fail. A hitting error and a serve receive mistake gave Pagosa two points. In the midst of a series of sideouts, Gronewoller put two kills out of bounds off the fingers of Centauri defenders and the Ladies had the 15-10 win.

"It was a repeat of the Monte game," said Hamilton, "a strong start, then the same thing. We lost focus in the second game and we committed way too many errors. I knew Centauri would be tough and, one of these times, if we play this badly, we won't come out with a win against a team like this. We need to correct our mistakes and get consistent."

There were several positive notes sounded in the match against Centauri - signs of things to come.

First was the play of Bliss at her middle hitter/blocker position. The junior compensates for a lack of height with an excellent vertical leap and seemed to open up and go after the ball against the Falcons. Her hitting was markedly improved and her play was noticeably more aggressive. The same can be said for junior outside hitter Shannon Walkup, who was more willing to attack the ball when she got a set. Freshman setter Lori Walkup seems more comfortable with her role each outing and her sets to Lancing, as they improve, will allow the senior to become a major offensive threat as a hitter. Gronewoller was not shy on offense and the senior middle was hitting with authority as was Buckley, a perennially strong outside hitter. If the miscues are corrected, the offense could resemble the powerhouses Lady Pirate fans have enjoyed during the last decade. Attention to detail on defense, in particular to play near the back line, should make scoring difficult for opponents.

The Ladies seem one degree away from being formidable - one or two matches away from developing a style and character of their own.

The next chances to fine-tune the game will take place at the Pagosa gym Saturday as 4A Montrose and 3A Olathe come to town for a rare two-match day.

Last year, the Lady Pirates put on a show at the Montrose gym, attacking the hosts, then Olathe, from every part of the floor, shutting down attacks with effective blocking, and soundly defeating both squads.

This year, Montrose and Olathe have faced each two opponents in common with Pagosa and, on that basis, appear ready to give the Ladies some stiff competition. Montrose, like the Lady Pirates lost to Cortez and defeated Durango. Olathe beat Centauri and Monte Vista in early-season action.

The match with Montrose begins at 2 p.m. Pagosa takes on Olathe at 4 p.m.

Summary

Pagosa def. Centauri 15-6, 9-15, 15-10

Kills: Buckley 10, Gronewoller 10, Lancing 9. Assists: Lancing 12, L. Walkup 11. Digs: Gronewoller 8, Bliss 6, Buckley 5. Aces: Buckley 2, Lancing 2, S. Walkup 2.

Campuzano captures Men's Golf League tune-up

By Bob Howard

Pagosa Springs Men's Golf League members tuned up for the league championship with an individual low gross and low net tourney Sept. 12.

"Today was the final competition before the league championship," said Alan Schutz, assistant course professional. "We wanted the guys to focus on good individual play because that's what they'll need in the championship."

Fred Campuzano won the gross competition with a one-under-par 71, his second win in three weeks. He was followed by Bobby Hart at 76, Don Ford at 81 and Wayne Huff, also at 81.

Gene Johnson's eight-under-par 64 took first place in the net competition. Larry Glover and Ray Henslee both shot net 66s but Glover took second place and Henslee third following a playoff. Rich Broom was fourth with a 67.

The closest-to-the-pin prize was won by Lou Boilini and the prize for the longest putt of the day on the 9th hole (Pinon course) was taken by Dennis Yerton.

This year's league championship is a two-round tournament which opened yesterday and will conclude on Wednesday, Sept. 26 which will also signal the end of the league season.

Members are reminded to sign up for the final championship round in the locker room before 5 p.m. Sept. 24.


Weather Stats

September 20, 2001

Date

High

Low

Precipitation

Type

Depth

Moisture

9/12

80

39

-

-

-

9/13

78

38

R

-

.04

9/14

79

39

R

-

.42

9/15

77

37

-

-

-

9/16

74

39

R

-

.35

9/17

75

38

R

-

.05

9/18

76

38

-

-

-

Births

September 20, 2001

Morgan Alexis Chacon

Morgan Alexis Chacon was born Sept. 4, 2001 in Durango, to Alcario and Selena Chacon. The little lady weighed in at 7 pounds, 3 1/2 ounces and measured 18 1/2 inches. She was welcomed home by her siblings Natashja and Dixie Chacon. Grandparents are Alfredo and Apolonia Nevarez of Pagosa Springs and Alcario and Rosalia Chacon of New Mexico.

Community News

September 20, 2001

Chamber News

By Sally Hameister

'Fiddler' raised spirits in difficult week

Our congratulations and gratitude go out to our Pagosa Springs Music Boosters for their magnificent presentations of "Fiddler on the Roof" during a particularly difficult week for Pagosa and for our country.

We are deeply appreciative for all the incredibly hard work, talent and just plain pluck expended during the duration of six shows that represented hours and hours of rehearsals, painting, sewing, schlepping, etc., etc.

The show was particularly poignant and meaningful after last week's tragedies in that it addressed ethnic oppression, prejudice and mean-spirited acts of violence upon innocent people. "Fiddler on the Roof" also acted as a healing catharsis, a short respite from the painful reality and gave us an opportunity to laugh during a time when laughter seemed out of the question.

The remarkable cast headed by Steve Rogan in the role of the wise, yet somehow innocent Tevye became stronger and stronger with each performance culminating in a flawless final presentation on Saturday night. They played to a close-to-sellout crowd who clearly adored the players, the orchestra, the sets, the stage crew and the superhuman stamina and professionalism of co-directors, Joan Hageman and Andy Donlon. Thank you all for sharing the gift of your talent and time with all of us and for helping us through a very difficult time. We look forward to your next endeavor with great anticipation and thank heaven for each and every one of you.

B & B Tour

The Pagosa Women's Club is proud to announce its major fundraiser for the year 2001, the B & B and Guest Accommodation Tour to be held Sept. 30 from 1 'til 5 p.m. The tour is self-guided in an open-house style so that you may visit them in the order you choose. As a courtesy to the hosts, you will be asked to remove your shoes upon entering and to carpool if possible as parking may be limited in some places.

Your hosts for the day will be Gilbert and Nancy Davidson at Davidson's Country Inn B & B located two miles east on U.S. 160; Tom and Pam Schoemig at Be Our Guest B & B/Guesthouse located 6 miles east on U.S. 160; Mary Jo Coulehan with TLC's A Bed and Breakfast located 1 mile north on Four Mile Road (guests will be treated to a dessert at Mary Jo's); Josie Sift with Spirit Rest Retreat located 3.5 miles north on Four Mile Road; and Anthony and Ronnie Doctor with the Alpenglow Guest House located 2 miles west of downtown Pagosa at 721 Pike Drive behind the Pizza Hut. All of your hosts offer unique and unusual accommodations and all warmly invite you to join them for a tour of their accommodations on Sept. 30. Tickets are available at the Sisson Library for $10.

Wonderful weekend

Autumn is definitely here, and we invite you to join us to usher it in grand fashion with our annual Colorfest/Balloon Rally Weekend.

We open in a big way tomorrow evening at the Visitor Center with the Wine and Cheese Tasting, "An Evening in Silver and Black," and that's just the beginning. From 5:30 until 7:30 p.m., you will be treated to exquisite cheeses, wines and sweets and the best company imaginable. Sixteen, count 'em, 16 wines will be offered with selections from Australia, France and, of course, Napa Valley, with non-alcoholic reds and whites by Ariel. Our eleven cheese selections include old favorites like Horseradish and Apple Jack with new offerings, Ermitage Brie, Pepperoni and Swiss and Rye. Kathy Keyes with Pagosa Baking Company brings us Caramel Bars with an oatmeal crust coated with chocolate, walnuts and chewy caramel as well as Lemon Raspberry French Pastries boasting layers of lemon sponge filled with lemon buttercream and a touch of raspberry. Wow. Our Colorado Mounted Rangers will be on hand to help with parking and have kindly offered their van to transport anyone if needed after the event.

As always, we invite you to dress in theme if you so choose or to just come in whatever occurs to you at the time. We just want you to be comfortable and have a great time. It's one of the best parties of the year, and you don't want to miss it. Remember, it will take place rain or shine under the huge tent in the parking lot. Advance tickets are available at the Visitor Center until 5 p.m. today for $20 and thereafter will be $25. Get your tickets early and save some dough, kids.

The Colorfest Picnic, Concert and Balloon Glow will also take place rain or shine thanks to our change of venue this year. We'll be at the Extension Center Building Saturday evening where The Branding Iron's Eddie and Troyena will start serving a picnic dinner at 5:30 and continue until 7.

Please make a special mental note that Eddie will stop serving promptly at 7 p.m. this year. We have learned that if we don't state a specific cutoff time, folks tend to come in rather late.

Rio Jazz, our local luminaries, will be playing their unique brand of wonderful music for us until dusk when we will experience a very special program accompanying the balloon glow, weather permitting, of course. Don't miss the article found elsewhere in the SUN with all the details about the glow.

Weather permitting, the two mass ascensions will take place at 7:30 on both Saturday and Sunday mornings, the first in town off Hot Springs Boulevard and the second in the Pagosa Lakes area behind the recreation center. Once again, you will find more information about the balloon rally in a separate article in this issue. Also keep in mind that the Pagosa Springs Pedal Fest Bike Race will take place Sunday morning at 10 a.m. sponsored by the Wolf Creek Wheel Club. Please call (800) 955-0273 or 264-4151 ext. 231 for more information.

All in all, folks, this is one of Pagosa's finest weekends of the year, and we extend a sincere invitation for you to attend each and every event. It's simply the best way we know to give summer a proper sendoff.

Resident appreciation

The Chimney Rock Interpretive Program of the Pagosa Springs Chapter of the San Juan Mountains Association invites all area residents to take an interpretive tour of the Chimney Rock archaeological sites at Chimney Rock at a reduced rate Saturday and Sunday. The regular tour fee of $5 will be reduced to $3 for adults and from $2 to $1 for children ages 5 to 11. Tours are scheduled each day at 9:30 and 10:30 a.m. and 1:00 and 2:00 p.m. September 30 will be the last day the site is open for tours this year until the 2002 opening date of May 15. Please join them on one of these days for their official Local Appreciation Weekend at Chimney Rock. Please call 264-2268 with questions.

Membership

One new member and six renewals to share with you this week, which I find totally remarkable in view of last week's events.

We welcome Deedee Howe with Enterprise Rent a Car located at 1025 Camino Del Rio in Durango. Enterprise offers great cars at low rates with free pick up. Their available specialty vehicles include pick up trucks, mini-vans and SUVs. They can also provide a fifteen-passenger van if you need to transport a big ole group. You can reach Deedee to learn more about Enterprise Rent a Car at (970) 385-6860 in Durango.

Our renewals this week include Betty (The Truly Looney One) Johann with Betty Johann Realty, LLC; Carolyn Ullrich, President, League of Women Voters; John Weiss with Navajo State Park; Wayne Walls with Wilderness Journeys/Pagosa Rafting Outfitters; Faye and Gary Bramwell with Astraddle A Saddle; and Jim and Rosa Layne with Layne's Shaklee Distributor. We are grateful to each and every one for your continued support.

SunDowner hosts

Just another reminder about the Oct. 1, 8 a.m. date you have at the Chamber Visitor Center if you would like to host a SunDowner in the year 2002.

We have had many inquiries about this, so make sure you or a representative of your business are here at the front door of the Visitor Center promptly at 8 a.m. when Doug and Morna open the doors to reserve the month you would like to host a SunDowner.

Remember, there are only ten spots to host due to the fact that the Chamber hosts in both January and September. Just give us a call at 264-2360 with questions or simply show up on Oct. 1.

Senior News

By Janet Copeland

The elderly are common prey for fake fundraisers

What a week!

I pray that all those affected by the national events of last week will be given the strength and will to get through this and the desire to help make the world a better place to live.

Please forgive me for getting on my soapbox for a moment. I read and hear about the evil people in our country who, immediately after the plane crashes, started sending requests for funds supposedly to help the rescuers in New York and Washington - only they are not using the money for the intended purpose, but to line their own pockets.

I also hear about scam artists tricking consumers into revealing personal financial information by posing as representatives of companies whose records were destroyed in the World Trade Center disaster.

Please realize these are fraudulent and do not give out such information to callers. Elderly folks are particularly susceptible to these kinds of scams so we need to get the information out to our loved ones to beware.

Legitimate on-line contributions can be made directly to the American Red Cross at www.redcross.org, Amazon.com at www.amazon.com. And online payment to PayPal at www.paypal.com. These organizations are forwarding - in full - donations made on their sites to the Red Cross. You may telephone the Red Cross to make credit card donations at 1-800-HELP-NOW (1-800-435-7669) or mail donations to: American Red Cross, PO Box 37243, Washington, D.C. 20013.

I realize the need to protect our citizens by going after the perpetrators of these horrendous terrorist acts. However, I feel we need to start here in our country to bring to justice those who take advantage of tragic situations for their own gain.

All this said, our pianist, Dorothy O'Hara, and vocalist "Hoppy" Hopson, presented a very stirring and beautiful program of patriotic and religious music on Tuesday. Thanks so much to both of you for helping to ease some of our stress on that "Black Tuesday."

Helen Tarver is our Senior of the Week. Congratulations, Helen! We have so enjoyed having Helen and Bill with us this summer and will miss them now that they are departing.

Susie Rivas, a local student, has been volunteering to help in our dining room. We appreciate her so much - welcome, Susie.

A big thank you to Delpha McFatridge for the puzzles she donated to our Senior Center and also to Jerry Sager for spending many hours this summer taking care of the landscaping around our building. Jerry does this each year - don't know what we would do without him.

Wilma Weber has been back with us this week - welcome back, Wilma.

Our free art classes, taught by Kent Schaffer, began last Wednesday. Kent is very talented and is willing to work with folks in whatever medium they choose, so feel free to join us on Wednesdays after lunch. Also, if anyone has a blackboard they would donate, Kent could use it in his presentations.

On Sept. 26, during the lunch hour, Margie Gurule will give a presentation on Medicaid.

Don't forget, the folks at Liberty Theatre are providing a matinee for seniors on Wednesdays at 2 p.m. for a nominal fee of $3. This is a wonderful treat on their part and we hope folks will take advantage of it. Please be sure to pick up your cups/wrappers/etc. on the way out of the theater so we can continue to use this service.

Local Chatter

By Kate Terry

Canadian journalist comes to defense of America

On the news this past week we heard over and over again, the term "triage center." The word triage means the sorting out of patients, as in battle, to determine priority of treatment. The word came to use during World War I.

Washington's National Cathedral was the site of Washington D.C.'s official prayer service on the World Day of Prayer.

This is an Episcopal Cathedral officially named "The Cathedral of Saint Paul and Saint Peter." It took 100 years to build and was completed about 1988 (or so). It is used by all denominations and was paid for in part by donations from other denominations.

The round stained-glass window at the front of the building is called the Rose Window. The people who led the speakers to the lectern are called vergers.

A cathedral is the home base for its bishop. The head of the cathedral staff is called a "dean."

America: good neighbor

This was written before the bombing of the World Trade Center. But since the advent of the bombing, our country will be seeking out a worldwide coalition of countries to assist the United States in bringing the terrorists to justice.

Widespread but only partial news coverage was given recently to a remarkable editorial broadcast from Toronto by Gordon Sinclair, a Canadian television and radio Commentator. He can be heard daily on CJAD 800 AM radio. What follows is the full text of his trenchant remarks as printed in the Congressional Record:

"This Canadian thinks it is time to speak up for the Americans as the most generous and possibly the least appreciated people on all the earth. Germany, Japan and, to a lesser extent, Britain and Italy, were lifted out of the debris of war by the Americans who poured in billions of dollars and forgave other billions in debts.

None of these countries is today paying even the interest on its remaining debts to the United States. When France was in danger of collapsing in 1956, it was the Americans who propped it up, and their reward was to be insulted and swindled on the streets of Paris. I was there. I saw it.

When earthquakes hit distant cities, it is the United States that hurries in to help. This spring, 59 American communities were flattened by tornadoes. Nobody helped. The Marshall Plan and the Truman Policy pumped billions of dollars into discouraged countries. Now newspapers in those countries are writing about the decadent, warmongering Americans.

I'd like to see just one of those countries that is gloating over the erosion of the United States dollar build its own airplane. Does any other country in the world have a plane to equal the Boeing Jumbo Jet, the Lockheed Tri-Star or the Douglas DC10?

If so, why don't they fly them? Why do all the International lines except Russia fly American planes? Why does no other land on earth even consider putting a man or woman on the moon? You talk about Japanese technocracy, and you get radios. You talk about German technocracy, and you get automobiles. You talk about American technocracy, and you find men on the moon - not once, but several times - and safely home again.

You talk about scandals, and the American put theirs right in the store window for everybody to look at. Even their draft-dodgers are not pursued and hounded. They are here on our streets, and most of them, unless they are breaking Canadian laws, are getting American dollars from ma and pa at home to spend here.

When the railways of France, Germany and India were breaking down through age, it was the Americans who rebuilt them. When the Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central went broke, nobody loaned them an old caboose. Both are still broke.

I can name you 5,000 times when the Americans raced to the help of other people in trouble. Can you name me even one time when someone else raced to the Americans in trouble? I don't think there was outside help even during the San Francisco earthquake.

Our neighbors have faced it alone, and I'm one Canadian who is damned tired of hearing them get kicked around. They will come out of this thing with their flag held high. And when they do, the are entitled to thumb their nose at the lands that are gloating over their present troubles. I hope Canada is not one of those.

Stand proud, America! Wear it proudly!"

Veteran's Corner

By Andy Fautheree

Veterans wrestle with new act of treachery

It is unfortunate that I had already submitted last week's Veterans Corner article when the unfortunate events unfolded Sept. 11 in New York and Washington.

It is one of the darkest days in America's history, and will not be forgotten any sooner than the similar events that took place at Pearl Harbor so many years ago. Many of our Archuleta County veterans vividly recall those events long ago, and now must wrestle with this latest act of treachery.

We are reminded of the unprecedented surprise attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan that led America into World War II. Now, little more than nine days ago, America has again been brutally and viscously attacked by foreign powers and it's soldiers, with intent to cause great harm to the free people of the United States.

Last week's attack was no less than that event that "awakened the sleeping giant" of America in 1941. Some 2,400 men, women and children died in the attack on Pearl Harbor. In last week's attack many, many more victims were injured or perished, perhaps many thousands, certainly as many or more casualties then at Pearl Harbor. I would hazard a speculation that not one person who was injured or killed in America last week was preparing to go to war. These Americans were simply going about their daily activities and routines, innocent of the wrong that was about to be perpetrated on them.

So, was the attack on America last Tuesday, Sept. 11, 2001, any less than that event on Dec. 7, 1941? I think not. President George W. Bush has responded that this is a declaration of war. America's enemies should fear the "sleeping giant" has been awakened again and our nation's leaders have declared no less than war on the perpetrators of these heinous acts, and those that give them haven.

I salute the veterans of the last time this happened and I salute those that prepare to go to war on this new battlefield. America, in it's might and resolve, will prevail!

By the time you read this I hope to have an active Internet website for the Archuleta County Veterans Service Office. The Internet website will be: www.geocities.com/vso_archu leta/index.htm. I will have information on veterans' benefits and information posted on this Internet website. Past and current Veterans Corner articles will be posted here in case you missed some of them.

A reminder to please send me your Internet e-mail addresses so I can put you in my Veterans Service Office e-mail database.

For information on these and other veterans benefits please call or stop by the Veterans Service Office located on the lower floor of the Archuleta County Courthouse. The office number is 264-2304, the FAX number is 264-5949, and e-mail is vsoarch@pagosa.net. The office is open 8 to noon and 1 to 4 p.m. Monday through Thursday, or Friday by appointment. Bring your DD Form 214 (Discharge) for registration with the county, application for VA programs, and for filing in the VSO office.

Parks & Rec

By Douglas Call

Color Fest mountain bike races set here Sunday

This year's Color Fest mountain bike race will be held Sunday in the Turkey Springs area and will include the Chris Mountain ride for sport and expert riders.

This year's course will start at the cattle guard on Piedra Road, just before the Turkey Springs turn, cross Newt Jack on the newly formed ATV trail and continue to Brockover Road. From Brockover Road expert and sport riders will ride Chris Mountain, go down Brockover Road and return back to Newt Jack. The course for beginners is 10 miles; it is 27 miles for sport riders and 32 miles for expert and pro riders. A three-mile novice/kids race will also be held, with all participants awarded medals.

People wishing to participate in the race can do so by registering at Town Hall through Friday or sign up at the start/finish area on Piedra Road Saturday or Sunday. Registration Saturday will be from noon until 4 p.m. and on Sunday from 8-9:30 a.m. People wishing to help with the race can do so on Friday, Saturday and Sunday. Contact Doug Call at 264-4151 ext. 231 for more information. All volunteers will receive race socks and a free lunch.

Youth soccer

Youth soccer is officially underway with games being played Tuesdays and Thursdays.

Players not yet registered, ages 7-10, can still do so at the $20 rate in Town Hall. Players will be put on a team immediately and will start playing at the next games. Registration for other age groups has been closed, as teams are full.

Coaches needing practice times should call the recreation department at 264-4151 ext. 232. Game schedules are available at Town Hall and are posted at the middle school and elementary school. Games are played at 4, 5 and 6 p.m. this month and will change to 4 and 5 p.m. next month. The Kickers League, ages 5-6, will play through Oct. 11, with other games lasting through Oct. 18. Season-ending tournaments will take place Oct. 19-20.

Sponsors for this year's youth fall soccer league are The Pagosa Veterinary Clinic, Edward Jones Investments, Century 21 - Wolf Creek, The Liberty Theatre, The Corner Store and The Hog's Breath.

Adult volleyball

Games for this fall's adult coed volleyball league started Monday. Game schedules are available at the games and at Town Hall. Players must submit a $10 player fee prior to playing the first game. League games will continue to the end of October and tournament games begin in November.

Commission meeting

At last week's Park and Recreation Commission meeting, members discussed a variety of issues including skate boarding at South Pagosa Park, the cancellation of this year's flag football league and the upcoming events of Pedal Fest and the NRPA conference. The next meeting is set for Oct. 17. All meetings are open to the public and take place at Town Hall at 5:30 p.m.

Extension Viewpoints

By Bill Nobles

Child's anger shouldn't be met by parental anger

Tomorrow - Colorado Kids, Extension office, 5 p.m.

Sept. 24 - Carcass Contest Video, Extension office, 6 p.m.

Anger management

You can almost count on it. When our children blow up and express their anger in a tidal wave of emotion, we often react with the same irrational, angry behavior. It's almost as if the child punches the buttons that send parents into a tirade and parents cannot help responding as if they were the child's age.

Common examples of children's anger are the preschooler who throws his puzzle across the floor; the seven-year-old who yells, "I hate you" to her mom; and the 11-year-old who complains about being asked to do the dishes and stomps off to his room, slams the door, and turns up the tune. And yet, when parents look dispassionately at typical ways children express anger, it becomes obvious that children do not have many acceptable ways of showing their displeasure. So, kids stage an outburst, and parents generally focus on extinguishing angry feelings.

A quick review of ways in which children commonly show their anger brings us face to face with the question, "Can children ever legitimately express anger?" And second, "How can we teach our youngsters to express anger in age-appropriate and constructive ways?"

Parents are responsible for limiting destructive expressions of anger, but at the same time they must teach children that anger can be legitimate and can be expressed in a constructive manner.

All children experience anger in one way or another. And all children will learn how to cope with their anger - sometimes in a way that is helpful, and sometimes in a way that is hurtful.

One thing is clear - the time to teach constructive expressions of anger is not when the child is angry. Nobody can think clearly in the middle of an emotional storm. The window of opportunity exists when the emotion has run its course, but while the memory is still fresh. As they approach an emotional storm, parents can help children become aware of what's happening and can help them learn how to express anger in healthy and appropriate ways.

Parents will want to think about the type of role models they are for their children. It helps to recognize different aspects and stages of anger - what happens to our bodies, what we are thinking and what we do. For example, it is important to recognize how our bodies react to being angry. Do we get hot, red-faced, breathless or shrill?

What are we thinking when we are angry? Are we thinking, "I'm the boss, I'm going to show them?" Or are we thinking, "People will think I'm a bad parent if I let my child behave this way?"

Finally, as parents, we need to think about what we do when we are angry. Do we yell, hit or close ourselves off? By our own behavior, are we teaching our children the very habits we want them to avoid?

One anger management tool looks at skill areas using the word R.E.T.H.I.N.K: R=Recognize, E=Empathize, THINK.

R= Recognize (your anger.) Parents can help children "recognize" their anger by verbalizing it for them. From our earlier examples, the parent could say, "You must be really angry to have thrown your puzzle across the floor." Or, "You must be red-hot mad at me to say that you hate me."

E=Empathize, trying to see things from the other person's point of view. "I'd feel really frustrated, too, if I couldn't do something I wanted to do." And, "Sometimes even people who love me make me so mad I just feel like blowing up."

THINK - This is the part of anger management where parents can really make a difference by providing an opportunity for constructive expression of anger. Instead of accepting the puzzle thrown across the floor, or the angry words, teach children to THINK. In the puzzle example, the parent might say, "What else can you do besides throw the puzzle? Maybe you could ask for help. Maybe you could decide to play with something else."

For the angry "I hate you," perhaps the parent can say, "That is not acceptable behavior. I want you to tell me how you feel without being hurtful. I want us to be able to think of ways we can solve this problem without blowing up. What can you suggest?" (If no acceptable suggestions come forth, the parent can suggest that they stop and cool off until both parent and child are calm enough to find a mutually acceptable solution to the problem.)

Library News

By Lenore Bright

A look at new offerings on the shelves

If you are interested in having a booth at this year's holiday bazaar, contact Barb Draper at 731-9979. She is sending out registration forms now.

New books

"In Search of Lake Woebegon," by Garrison Keillor. In the 27 years since Lake Woebegon came to life, it has become a national treasure. Keillor and Richard Olsenius began a search for the real place. Olsenius has captured the people and the views that have long been Keillor's inspiration. "Where the women are strong, the men are good-looking, and the children above average."

"Blood and Guts," by Linda Allison is a wonderful introduction to the human body written for fifth graders for science fair activities. Parents will find it quite helpful in answering anatomical questions, and adults will learn many interesting facts we didn't learn in school.

"The Mummy Congress," by Heather Pringle is a remarkable journey around the world bringing to life the long dead, and revealing what mummies have to tell us about ourselves. We learn about medieval saints entombed in Italy's grand cathedral, eerily preserved bog bodies in the Netherlands; frozen Inca princesses atop icy mountains, and Japanese monks trying to mummify themselves. Pringle gives us a fascinating tour and science writing at its best.

Writers in the sky

Our sister library in Telluride is sponsoring a one-day literary workshop Oct. 6. Five authors will participate. Cost is $45. We have a few brochures. Registration is limited to 100.

Security, privacy issues

Those of us, who are strong defenders of privacy, are having a difficult time. We are tempted to put in place stringent rules to help "find the culprits." Joseph Turow states it well: "The question is whether you overreact in pursuit of a handful of terrorists, and in the process change the constitutional protections of millions of American citizens."

Ben Franklin said, "They that give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety."

Saturday, some people with foreign accents used our computer. After they left, another user demanded we try to see where the "foreigners" had been on the Internet. This is a perfect example of the dilemma. Vigilance or vigilante? I wish we knew the answer.

Donations

Gifts to Betty Feazel's book endowment came from Kathryn Terry, Morley Ballantine, Lorna Ogden and Lois Huebert. Materials came from Seth Rizzo, Ingrid and Ray St. Laurent, Carole and Bob Howard, Barbara Lindley, Julie Crilley, Cynthia Cunningham, Phyllis Decker, Heather Hunts, and Lynn Jacobs.

In Sync

By Isabel Willis

Dealing with children in times of crisis

Take a snapshot of a typical day at Seeds of Learning Family Center and you can't help but notice the fun.

You'll see kids with grins playing stimulating games, reading and sharing, scribbling and giggling, sorting and stacking. You'll see books and puzzles, brushes and paint, songs and more. Although it may all look like just play, you're actually seeing something else as well . . . learning.

Studies have found that children are more likely to retain information when they are immersed in age-appropriate, yet enjoyable and meaningful activity. Seeds of Learning's mission statement very clearly expresses developmentally appropriate practice by providing safe and stimulating social and educational opportunities to children aged 0-5 and rich learning and social activities for their families.

To take a step back, Seeds of Learning began when a group of concerned citizens came together to address the need for childcare in our community. This meeting not only became the foundation for SOL, but created an opportunity for Archuleta County families for years to come.

The center is currently caring for 20 children between six weeks and five years.

When center director Teddy Finney was asked what area of importance she wanted to address in this article, she stated that, in light of the recent tragedies In New York City and Washington D.C., she felt it is important to provide our community with some resources for talking with children about those events. Teddy emphasized the significance of helping our children understand the chaos and fierceness of the happenings.

Here is a small list of general advice, taken from experts around the nation. It doesn't begin to explain "why?" but it's a place to start in talking to children:

1. Continuously reassure your children that you will help to keep them safe

2. Turn off the TV. Overexposure to the media can be traumatizing. If your older children are watching the news, be sure to watch with them

3. Be aware that your child's age will affect his or her response. Adolescents in particular may be hard hit by these kinds of events. Obtaining counseling for a child or adolescent soon after a disaster may reduce long-term effects

4. Calmly express your emotions, and remember that a composed demeanor will provide a greater sense of security for your child

5. Give your children extra time and attention and plan to spend more time with your children the following months

6. Let your children ask questions, talk about what happened, and express their feelings

7. Play with children who can't talk yet to help them work out their fears and respond to the atmosphere around them

8. Keep regular schedules for activities such as eating, playing and going to bed to help restore a sense of security and normalcy

9. Consider how you and your child can help. Children are better able to regain their sense of power and security if they feel they an help in some way.

This advice is by no means going to end your child's insecurities. It is just a base if you're having trouble knowing where to begin.

Seeds of Learning offers families, and the community as a whole, support and resources in any situation. In October the center hopes to begin a parenting support group. If you have suggestions and want to discuss the best day and best times with Teddy, or just want to learn more about the center or the great staff, she can be reached by calling 264-5513.

Crusing with Cruse

By Katherine Cruse

Go someplace different: I'm already there

My neighbor Buck is a great guy. And a hunter. And he's taken me to task after last week's column about careless hunters leaving equipment at campsites in the Weminuche Wilderness.

"How can you blame the hunters for stuff left at campsites?" he said. "You don't know if it was hunters." I started to apologize, but he went right on. "It was probably outfitters."

So there you have it. Maybe the hunters are careless; maybe the outfitters. All I know is, it's probably not backpackers. We have too much trouble carrying in the stuff we really need and expect to use again, to leave it lying around.

Hotshot and I hit the trails to the high country again the first week of September. You remember, that was the weekend that the hard freeze came to Pagosa Country. The Saturday night when people scurried to cover their gardens, or to pick every vegetable that they could salvage.

Well, let me tell you, it was cold at 12,000 feet, too, even before that night. We had already decided to leave the fishing equipment at home, preferring to trade that weight for heavier sleeping bags. Good thing, too.

We were up there for three nights and the bags were lifesavers. We went to bed at 7 p.m., just to keep warm. Not only was it darned cold; but there were fewer hours of daylight than two months ago. We stayed in those bags until 7 in the morning before pulling on several layers of fleece and windbreaker and struggling out to make the morning coffee.

Years ago, Hotshot said that if we lived in Pagosa year-round, we could hike in September, after the monsoon rains had stopped. Well, now we've tried September hiking. It was educational.

Seven p.m. until 7 a.m. Twelve hours. That's a long time to spend in a tent. A deck of cards would have helped, but we forgot them. You can only read so much, using a tiny flashlight.

When we still lived in Nashville, a friend asked us why we kept coming to the Weminuche to hike. This was right before or after his trip to northern India and the Himalayas. He'd also hiked a lot of different trails in this country. "Don't you get bored," he asked, "seeing the same place again and again?"

I've thought about his question a lot. And the answer is, No, I don't get bored. Because every trip is different. Not the same place at all.

Even when we hike over trails we've taken before, it might be years since we were there. Maybe you have a better memory than I do, but I forget whole stretches of trail. It's like hiking in a brand new place. And then suddenly I'll recognize a hillside, a boulder field, a certain meadow which one year contained a lingering snowbank.

I'm continually being surprised.

There are other trails, or sections of trail, that bring back memories of earlier trips. Trips with the Explorer Scouts or trips with just Hotshot and me.

"Oh," I'll say, "this is where Emily and I were singing songs from Broadway musicals, until you made us stop. You told us that not everybody was enchanted with the sound of our voices."

Or Hotshot will say, "Remember the last time we were on this part of the Divide with the kids? That time we were actually inside the clouds? We were afraid that lightning was going to form right around us."

"Yes," I'll say. "So we left the Divide and went down to Palisade Meadows."

On this latest trip we passed the place where we once stopped for lunch and Cheryl cut her leg. Of course, with my faulty memory, it wasn't until we were actually at the site that I could identify it. Up until then, much of the morning was in unfamiliar (to me, anyway) territory.

This September hike was different in a whole new way. It was autumn in the high country.

Down here, at a mere 7,000 feet or so above sea level, we watch the oaks turn orange and magenta, and we wait for the aspens to gild the hills higher up. The world above timber line is changing too.

Grasshoppers jump frantically off the trail ahead of my boots. They've spent the summer singing, not storing food, and winter is about to catch them. The skunk cabbage leaves are brown and crisp and the stalks are beginning to give up and lie down, as though the seed heads are too heavy to hold up any longer.

On the rocky alpine slopes the cushion plants have finished blooming. In fact, almost everything has finished blooming except for a few hardy individual plants on south-facing hillside meadows, where we saw a single strawberry in bloom. Apparently it hadn't gotten the message. Fall is here. Winter's coming.

There's autumn color above timberline. Instead of oak and aspen, you have the ground-hugging fern-like leaves of the alpine avens blanketing the hillsides with a glowing red. The fleshy leaves of the sedum, king's crown, also turn russet in the fall.

And some plant, maybe the tiny arctic willow, is launching its seeds. Each seed is surrounded by a mass of cottony fibers. They drift across the hillsides like so many miniature puffs of cloud.

Go someplace different to hike? I'm already there.

Pagosa Lakes News

By Ming Steen

Rec center pool closing for repairs and cleaning

The pool at the recreation center will be closed from noon Thursday, Sept. 27, through the following Thursday, Oct. 4. Pool repairs and cleaning will be carried out during the closure.

Inflatable exercise and stability balls are one of the greatest low-tech tools that chiropractors, physical therapists, or other health care professionals use to benefit their patients.

The ball has been around for decades and was originally used to treat children with cerebral palsy or vestibular problems. In the last few years, the ball has exploded onto the exercise scene as a result of the pioneering efforts of a couple of physical therapists.

By combining the concepts of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation, neuro-development training, exercise physiology, and behavioral psychology, a powerful system of training exercise was created.

The recreation center is gearing up to offer ball exercise classes next month. Regardless of your level of conditioning, the exercises with the ball can be adjusted to an acceptable level of challenge. The key is the ball's round surface which enables a person to train muscles in ways not possible with floor exercises or traditional gym equipment.

Looking for a fun and new way to tone the abs, back, buttocks and thighs while also working on your balance?

Check out the ball exercise classes. I'll get details of times, dates, instructors' backgrounds to you in upcoming columns.

Arts Line

By Sally High

Top ten reasons to visit PSAC Gallery

Here are the top 10 reasons to visit the PSAC gallery in Town Park.

1. Greg Coffey's "Photo Real Watercolor" exhibit. If you missed the festive opening day of his exhibit, you missed an opportunity to shake the hand of a talented fellow. In "Crystal Morning" Greg plays with tones of green that change ever so subtly from the nearby hills to the distant mountains. His depiction of fenceposts and shadows in "Nostalgic Shadows" is breathtaking. Treat yourself to a few moments with his barns and old cabins in rustic colors and attitudes - you'll be glad you did.

2. See, hear and/or purchase the first volume of the CD Sampler of local artists. Once you've heard it, you won't want to miss the live performance of artists featured on the second volume, "A Local Gathering." There will be no charge to see them perform Sept. 29 at 7 p.m. at the Timbers of Pagosa. Over 80 sponsors have made this project possible, and PSAC expresses thanks for their support.

3. Sign up for membership in the Pagosa Springs Arts Council. The cost is only $20 per year for individuals, $30 per year for families. Being a member entitles you to discounts for PSAC sponsored events.

4. Pick up a copy of Petroglyph, PSAC's quarterly newsletter. Bring in your flyer to be inserted into the center of the Petroglyph when your business sponsors the newsletter. If you have layout talent, speak with Joanne at the gallery or call Jennifer, 731-3113, to offer your services for upcoming editions.

5. Sign up to have your City Market purchases earn funds for the arts council. It costs you nothing, so bring in your value card and Joanne will fix you right up.

6. Learn about the many divisions of PSAC, including Angel Box Painters, Chimney Rock Connections, Music Boosters, Pagosa Pretenders Theater, and Whistle Pig Folk Nights.

7. Discover PSAC-sponsored events including, among others, Creede Repertory Theater, garage sales, photo contests, Pagosa Fiesta and the Artists' Studio Tour.

8. Speak with Joanne, 264-5020, if you are knowledgeable about restoring oil paintings or creating macrame and other types of plant hangers.

9. Enjoy the PSAC scrapbook. Many thanks to Nancy Green for keeping it up.

10. Getting to know the work of Bob Morriss, a photographer who specializes in unusual atmospheric phenomena and does his own darkroom work and printing. Bob will be featured in the next gallery exhibition, opening Oct. 4 from 5-7 p.m. Come, meet the artist, enjoy the display, and indulge in snacks and drinks.

Bravo!

The final curtain fell on "Fiddler on the Roof" to a standing ovation. The Music Boosters have proven the richness of talent right here in Pagosa Springs. The creative set work, direction, choreography, acting and musical performances came together with a cohesiveness that speaks of hard work and professionalism.

You can help

Volunteers and donations are the foundation of the Pagosa Springs Arts Council that makes such productions possible. Here are three ways to support or enjoy PSAC activities without visiting the gallery.

Participate in Arts Council functions by helping out with the snack booth at arts council-sponsored events. For this or any other donation of time or talent, call Joanne at the gallery, 264-5020.

The Whistle Pig House Concert features Bruce Hayes Sept. 30. For a mere $7 donation, you can enjoy his mandolin music and singing, along with goodies and beverages. Call Bill and Clarissa Hudson for reservations and information, 264-2491, or long on to http: //hudsonhudson.com/whistlepig.

Angel Box Painters, a division of PSAC, invites tole painters to meet with them Tuesdays at 2:30 p.m. The Painters decorate boxes to be donated to parents whose babies have died. Call Rosie Hatchett for more information, 264-6987.

B & B tour

The Pagosa Women's Club raises funds to funnel into the community through charities and organizations in need. The Women's Club will host a tour of three Bed and Breakfasts, a Country Retreat, and a Guest House Sept. 30 from 1-5 p.m. Women's Club members and their guests may purchase tickets at $10 each at the library. Tickets must be purchased no later than 5 p.m. Sept. 28.

For more information contact Nettie Trenk, 731-9641, or Marti Capling, 731-9770.

New hours

Labor Day has come and gone. That means new hours to visit the gallery in Town Park: 11 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Tuesday through Saturday. Contact the gallery by phone at 264-5020.

Endnote

Surely my Reeboks didn't walk away by themselves!

If you attended the Home and Garden Tour Aug. 12 and went away without your own shoes, please call Joanne at the Gallery 264-5020. She'll call me, and I'll trade you back for your E-Z Spirits. Thank you.

The Shepherd's Staff

By Ron Taylor

Associate pastor

Pagosa Bible Church

Dear heavenly Father, we shudder when we recall those images from New York and Washington. We cringe when thinking where that plane which fell in Pennsylvania might have gone. And Lord, for all those people searching for loved ones, we ask that you help them find closure.

We can but trust that even through this tragedy your name is being glorified and our good is being advanced. We praise you as we see evidence that your are working in countless lives. You are drawing people to yourself and ministering to them as the Great Comforter.

We see our nation coming together as most of our population has never seen. We see people singing together, cheering and chanting, flying flags, praying publicly, giving assistance to one another, and uniting behind our leaders. And for all this we give you thanks.

Lord, help us to see the big picture. Many speak of September 11 being a wake-up call. Lord, may we hear the alarm. May we understand what we are being warned about. May we not be deaf and blind. Open our eyes, ears and heart to what you are communicating to us. We pray this especially for our president and those around him. Give them a special measure of understanding, wisdom and discernment.

Lord, we want violence and terrorism to cease. But, until you return, we know that sin, Satan and disobedience to your ways are with us in this world. We do not ask that you take us out of this world, but rather that you use us as instruments of peace and reconciliation.

May we turn to you as the only source of strength and direction. Help us to believe more deeply that you are the unchanging rock of our salvation and the firm foundation of our faith. May we know you Lord as the only one we can count on and trust to lead us through the shadowy and dark places of life.

Our heavenly Father, we who call upon the name of Jesus Christ, ask that you give us a boldness to declare to the world that He is the way, the truth and the life. Let us see the lost of the world, yes and even the terrorists of the world, as people whom you have created in your own image - people whom you love and do not wish to see perish.

May we be diligent to pray for all peoples and give us the courage to reach out to them in love with both words and deeds. May we be the light and salt to the world that you have called us to be. And God, we ask that you would bless the United States of America. May our nation be used by you as a blessing to the world.

All this we ask and pray in the name of our risen savior, the Lord Jesus.

Planning Commission

 

The Upper San Juan Regional Planning Commission will hold its regular meeting at 7 p.m. Wednesday, Sept. 26 in the Archuleta County Commissioners meeting room in the county courthouse. Public comments are welcomed and encouraged.

The agenda includes:

Call to order/roll call

Work session with the Planning Department - discussion of the implementation of Community Plan action items

Review of the Sept. 12 Planning Commission minutes

Other business

Adjournment.


Features

September 20, 2001

Oldtimers

By John M. Motter

Free land lured people to Pagosa Country

Everyone knows Pagosa Country has boomed since the early 1970s, filling up with folks looking for "Just a few acres, enough for a garden and a horse or so, some green grass and trees, a stream running through it, and of course a view of the mountains."

The same dreams fueled the county's last major influx of residents during the late 1890s and early 1900s. At that time, free land lured millions of Americans westward. Like the legendary boll weevil, these folks were "looking for a home." Pagosa Country offered free land and, for maybe 20 years, jobs.

Pioneers who had already found a home in Pagosa Country, many of them more than two decades earlier, were not bashful about singing the virtues of their homeland. The truth was, they needed neighbors to help develop the country.

In 1898, plenty of land remained for homesteading. Never mind that all that remained was leftovers. The best land was already gone. Never mind that this was a harsh climate unsuited for ordinary agricultural pursuits with a growing season limited to 60-some days during most years. If a farmer succeeded in raising a crop, how would he get it to market? Nevertheless, buoyed by hope, promises, and a few unchallengeable facts, settlers came.

In fact, a railroad was aimed at the heart of the county, Pagosa Springs. In fact, big logging and lumber mills were moving into the county from the south. Hundreds of workers found jobs. Jobs translated into paychecks. Paychecks meant business for merchants.

Consequently, a spurt of growth energized Pagosa Country during the last couple of years of the 19th century and the first decade or so of the next century. Acting as cheer leader was editor Daniel Egger and the Pagosa Springs News. Appearing in Egger's newspaper, in the best traditions of a sideshow barker, were the following tantalizing tidbits. We quote:

"Finally, Free Homes. Thousands of acres of fertile government land still remain unoccupied and unclaimed in Archuleta County, Colo. Every citizen of the United States is entitled to 160 acres by residing on it and cultivating it. It is the best stock country in the world. The natural resources of Archuleta County are not surpassed anywhere in the State of Colorado. Grain, timothy, alfalfa, and potatoes grow to perfection. The hills and parks afford the finest pasturage. Besides the thousands of acres of government land now available the unalloted lands of the southern ute reservation will be opened to settlers some time within the present year, and many thousand acres more will be added to the free land list of Archuleta County. Some of the natural resources of Archuleta County are its productive soil, great forests of pine and other varieties of timber, large deposits of soft and hard coal and coke, five mountain rivers of pure water which flow sufficient water to irrigate all the agricultural land within her borders. If you are seeking a home, this is the place for you."

Motter's comment: Homesteading was still taking place in Pagosa Country into the 1930s. Lots of homesteads were filed on between 1898 and 1930. Egger's description of the virtues of the country were accurate. If anything was misleading, maybe it was what he didn't say. The country boomed around the turn of the century, but the reason was more practical. Logging and lumber mills became big business. Since the logging operations required literally hundreds of draft animals including horses, mules, and oxen, a huge local market existed for hay and grains.

Payrolls vitiated the local retail market, even if most folks tried to live off of the land as much as possible. A considerable number of folks living in Pagosa Country today trace their entry back to this era. What doesn't show today is the vast number of logging-lumber folks who moved on to the next lumber camp, forgetting Pagosa Country forever. Long on muscle and short on roots, for these folks home was where the work was. After about 1916, home for these folks was somewhere other than Pagosa Springs. From 1920 through 1940, the census reveals that Archuleta County gained nary a bit of population.

The following advertisement for the hot springs appeared in the same newspaper:

"Pagosa Springs, largest and best hot springs in the world. To reach Pagosa Springs the traveler alights from the luxuriant and comfortable tourist cars of the D.&R.G.R.R. at Lumberton, New Mexico, and by first class stage coach is conveyed over a splendid mountain road which affords an endless variety of picturesque, imposing, and attractive scenery for a distance of thirty miles, requiring not five hours to reach this wonderful health resort. Coaches run back and forth daily, carrying a daily mail and making close connections with trains.

"One must see to fully appreciate the many pleasing features that nature has so bountifully bestowed upon this favored locality. The climate is unsurpassed. The beautiful San Juan river, teeming with trout, flows through the town. Deer and bear are plenty in the adjacent hills, and grouse shooting is par excellence. This is the huntsman's paradise, the healthseeker's shibboleth, and presents an exhaustless panorama of pleasing pictures to delight the eye of the lover of the beautiful, the majestic, the sublime in nature.

"Thousands come here annually, who will furnish a convincing array of testimonials to the most wonderful medical qualities of the waters of these springs. They positively cure rheumatism, acute and inflammatory dyspepsia, paralysis, irregularities of the kidneys, all kinds of cutaneous and venereal diseases; relief can be had for almost any of the ills that flesh is heir to." Whether seeking health or wealth, come to Pagosa."

Motter's comment: In this enthusiastic endorsement of the Great Pagosa Hot Spring in particular and Pagosa Country in general, the writer describes natural local attributes that we use to sell real estate today: clear streams, beautiful mountains, fishing and hunting, the "sublime in nature."

Visitors to the hot spring found three bath houses, one for ladies, one for gents, and a mixed-sex pool.

Some might question the luxurious nature of the D&R.G. tourist cars, Lumberton is 40 miles, not 30 miles, and the first class stage coach was not of Concorde quality and comfort level, but something less. Nevertheless, unlike today most of the timber remained standing between Lumberton and Pagosa Springs, the road was probably not more than a lane wide and probably had a lot more twists and turns than today's road. Surely the view of V-Rock to the northeast, an old time landmark, and Squaretop Mountain must have been as stirring then as it now.

Is doubtful if "thousands" annually visited the hot springs at that time. In truth, the Springs Company, the Leavenworth, Kan., firm that owned the spring, declared bankruptcy shortly after the turn of the century. I'm not sure the language describing the healing virtues of the springs would pass today's Food and Drug Administration rules.

Nevertheless, Pagosa Country residents gushed optimism in 1898. The economic growth that followed proved them right. Keep reading in future weeks as we report Pagosa Country's entry into the 20th century.

Pacing Pagosa

By Richard Walter

Emotions run gamut in walker's solitude

Pacing the byways of Pagosa Country can provide multiple benefits.

It offers a time for solitude, independent thought, reflection, anger, resentment, and mourning.

All those thoughts passed through my mind as I walked in the wake of the carnage wrought by fellow man upon the American populace and its collective psyche.

One needs to get away from the endless reportage on television and radio, even momentarily from the visual evidence of human inhumanity.

Alone, pensive and reflective, one can realize that thousands of lives have been taken from their loved ones, thousands of dreams have been destroyed, thousands of dollars were used to finance the destruction, and thousands of rescue workers were pressed into action searching for survivors - or the remains of victims.

The anger swells as the walker wonders why any person would believe such destruction could serve a purpose - any purpose. Resentment rises and the pace quickens as solitude becomes less desirable and the need for outlet of emotion swells.

And then, the mourning sets in. One pictures the families remembering the last time they saw a husband, wife, son or daughter as the doomed loved one left for work that morning. Now the person is gone, the place of employment is gone and the innocence of hard working Americans has been destroyed.

Wiped away were the dreams, the plans for a productive future. Gone are the laughs enjoyed when Dad tickled a child as they romped on the living room carpet. Gone is the thrill of hitting a home run with all the family in the stands watching. Gone is the American belief the nation is inviolable.

But in its place rises the indefatigable American determination.

The president said, "We will not be cowed."

Others added, "We will not be bowed."

In Pagosa Country, where struggle has often been a way of life, we might continue the thought by saying, "We have vowed that America will overcome."

The pacer turns a corner and the thought process has a new sign to consider.

Flags. American flags at half staff.

Not for a holiday or in celebration of a cherished calendar event, but in celebration of and salute to those whose lives were so suddenly ended, those who will pace their own neighborhoods only in the memories of those from whom they were taken by the terrorist acts of those who can only be described as madmen.

The familiar footfall of a mother approaching to check on her child during the night is like that of the America we know, the America which will step forward to demand the rights of the dead and injured be recompensed.

Throughout its more than 200-year development as the melting pot of the world, the United States has repeatedly proven to would-be conquerors that it's collective will cannot allow defeat. One battle, perhaps, but not the war.

A cartoon strip once angered Americans by lampooning: "We have found the enemy and he is us."

That will not be the case in this situation. America will rebound with resolve. The enemy will be found and dealt with appropriately.

It is a promise Americans have made to themselves. Not just in Pagosa Country, but in all the land.

Those who have felt the nation was insulated from such treachery as was visited upon New York City, Arlington, Va. (the Pentagon) and rural Pennsylvania obviously have been awakened to a fallacy in our basic philosophy.

We need to understand from the gravity of those events that terrorism can - and has - happened here, that it is not limited to a specific geographic region of the world.

Recognizing that, we Americans need to strengthen our desire for the freedoms we sometimes take too lightly, the same freedoms that allowed the perpetrators of last week's dastardly acts to come to this land, train here, and kill here.

We must understand the world has as much access to us as do we to any other nation. It is as much an era of unprecedented antipathy as it is of unequaled access to information on any and all subjects.

America is ours to love, to protect - or to help defeat.

The decision rests in the American mindset.

Take a walk. Pace away the clouds of confusion.

It won't necessarily put your mind at ease, but it will help clear the webs of concern that can cloud logical thinking when safety of land and loved ones is being challenged.

The pace of America may be slowed with the tightening of existing and introduction of new restrictions necessitated by the events of last week.

But this nation has never bowed to an attacker, never given up the dream of freedom for all - and never will.

Though sometimes it may seem we are our own worst enemy, this is not a comic strip and America will prove to the world again that the enemy is not us.